Ljubljana Jo%C5%BEe Pu%C4%8Dnik Airport
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Ljubljana Jo%C5%BEe Pu%C4%8Dnik Airport
Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport

Letalie Jo?eta Pu?nika Ljubljana
Ljubljana airport 2017.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerFraport Slovenia d.o.o.[1]
OperatorFraport Slovenia d.o.o.
ServesLjubljana, Slovenia
LocationZgornji Brnik
Elevation AMSL388 m / 1,273 ft
Coordinates46°13?28?N 14°27?22?E / 46.22444°N 14.45611°E / 46.22444; 14.45611 (Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport)Coordinates: 46°13?28?N 14°27?22?E / 46.22444°N 14.45611°E / 46.22444; 14.45611 (Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport)
Websitelju-airport.si
Map
LJU is located in Slovenia
LJU
LJU
Location of airport in Slovenia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers1,812,411
Passenger change 17-18Increase 7.3%
Aircraft Movements35,512
Movements change 17-18Increase 3.0%
Source: Slovenian AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]
Statistics from Ljubljana Airport[3]

Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport (Slovene: Letalie Jo?eta Pu?nika Ljubljana) (IATA: LJU, ICAO: LJLJ), also known by its previous name Brnik Airport (Slovene: Letalie Brnik), is the international airport of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. The airport is located near the village of Brnik, 24 km (15 mi) northwest[2] of Ljubljana and 9.5 km (5.9 mi) east of Kranj on the road between Kranj and Menge?. Until 30 September 2019, it served as the homebase for Adria Airways, the largest airline based in Slovenia and the only one operating scheduled international services.

History

The airport was officially opened in December 1963.[4] It replaced Polje Airport in the former Municipality of Polje (Ljubljana) near Ljubljana,[5] which served as the city's airport from 1933 and was Slovenia's first civil airport.[6] Regular flights from the new airport at Brnik began in January 1964.[4]

On June 27, 1991, two days after Slovenia's Independence from Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav People's Army began its military operations within the country. The airport was bombed during the first day of the war. On June 28, the next day, two journalists from Austria and Germany, Nikolas Vogel and Norbert Werner, were killed from a missile that struck their car near the airport, where they were both driving by during that time. Four Adria Airways airliners also took serious damage from the Yugoslav Air Force.

Finally on June 29, the JPA soldiers at the Airport surrendered to Slovenian TO forces, who surrounded the entire facility overnight. The fighting ended on July 7 with the Brioni Agreement.[7][8]

On December 8, 2004, the airport received its first annual millionth passenger. Overall, the airport handled 1,812,411 passengers in 2018, representing a 7.3% rise in traffic figures compared to the previous year.

In 2007, the then centre-right government proposed renaming the airport from Aerodrom Ljubljana to Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport. Jo?e Pu?nik was a Slovene public intellectual, dissident, politician, and leader of the Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (Demos) between 1989 and 1992.

Due to growing air traffic and Slovenia's EU entry, which requires the separation of traffic into Schengen and non-Schengen, Aerodrom Ljubljana Airport Authorities have prepared a redevelopment plan for the passenger terminal. The expansion was to be carried out in two phases. Works on the first phase began in early July 2007 to accommodate Slovenia's entry into the Schengen Area in December 2007. The terminal building (T1) was extended with a new upper level which added an additional 4,000 m2 (43,000 sq ft) to the departure lounge and four jetways have also been installed for easier passenger access to and from the terminal. In 2013 the second phase of terminal expansion which included a new terminal T2 was scrapped by the minority stakeholders.[9]

In 2014 the Slovenian government initiated a privatisation process of the airport. The bid was won by Fraport which, in turn, acquired 75.5% stake in the airport.[10] The remaining shares were acquired in the following months resulting in Fraport taking 100% ownership of the airport.

Facilities

Runway

The airport has a 3,300 m × 45 m (10,827 ft × 148 ft) paved runway which is equipped with ILS Cat IIIb on runway 30. NDB and VOR approach are also available. The runway of Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport was closed to air traffic in April 2010 during which time, the entire length of the asphalt surface of the runway was renovated, as well as the asphalt surface on some parts of the taxiways.

Expansion plan

In April 2017 the airport operator Fraport Slovenia announced a plan to expand the existing passenger terminal.[11] A modular solution is planned which means that construction can be carried out in phases that are effectively and continuously adapted to traffic development needs.

In the first phase of the terminal expansion, capacity of the departures area will be increased from the current 500 passengers per hour to 1,250 passengers per hour. A new 10,000 m2 (110,000 sq ft) extension will be built to the west of the existing terminal building.[12] It will include a large duty-free shop, a new business lounge, one new air bridge, as well as renovated food & beverage and promotional areas. There will be 22 check-in desks and 5 long security lines. A new baggage sorting area will be added to the existing one. In addition, the baggage reclaim area will be expanded and equipped with three long carousels.

The existing passenger terminal, which covers 13,000 m2 (140,000 sq ft), will be partly renovated and functionally incorporated with the new building. The construction began in July 2019[13] and will be completed in 2021 in time for Slovenia's Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The entire renovated and expanded terminal complex will cover a total of 28,587 m2 (307,710 sq ft).

In 2017 Fraport Slovenija also published a revised Master Plan for the period 2010-2040.[14] It includes a plan to construct a new 6,000 m2 (65,000 sq ft) cargo terminal to the east of the airport complex by 2022, expansion of passenger and aircraft maintenance aprons by 2025 and a relocation of the general aviation apron to the west. To the north, a business and logistics center named Airport City is planned. It will include various business and logistic facilities as well as a new hotel, there are multiple subsidies as well as incentives for the potential investor.[15] In January 2018 a new road from Kranj to Menge? that will enable the development of the Airport City has been opened.[16]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and seasonal flights to and from Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport:[17]

Cargo

Statistics

Construction site of the airport in 1963
The airport in 1967
Passenger terminal
Terminal interior
Aerial view of the airport and its surroundings

Traffic figures and development

Year Passengers Change Cargo (t) Change Aircraft Movements Change
1964 78,179 / 88 / 2,343 /
1965 133,184 Increase 70% 177 Increase 101% 3,180 Increase 36%
1966 136,584 Increase 3% 235 Increase 33% 4,099 Increase 29%
1967 136,665 Steady 0% 306 Increase 30% 4,479 Increase 9%
1968 68,303 Decrease 50% 304 Decrease 1% 3,807 Decrease 15%
1969 96,108 Increase 41% 1,068 Increase 251% 4,474 Increase 18%
1970 171,503 Increase 78% 1,879 Increase 76% 5,728 Increase 28%
1971 273,946 Increase 60% 2,288 Increase 22% 6,509 Increase 14%
1972 275,460 Increase 1% 3,016 Increase 32% 8,525 Increase 31%
1973 367,872 Increase 34% 4,578 Increase 52% 8,633 Increase 1%
1974 668,599 Increase 82% 7,210 Increase 57% 13,123 Increase 52%
1975 553,565 Decrease 17% 7,376 Increase 2% 11,645 Decrease 11%
1976 528,490 Decrease 5% 5,922 Decrease 20% 10,797 Decrease 7%
1977 541,592 Increase 2% 6,179 Increase 4% 10,964 Increase 2%
1978 475,242 Decrease 12% 5,758 Decrease 7% 8,941 Decrease 18%
1979 661,254 Increase 39% 7,602 Increase 32% 12,397 Increase 39%
1980 581,103 Decrease 12% 6,085 Decrease 20% 11,312 Decrease 9%
1981 659,465 Increase 13% 7,328 Increase 20% 11,805 Increase 4%
1982 627,931 Decrease 5% 6,627 Decrease 10% 10,870 Decrease 8%
1983 595,260 Decrease 5% 6,808 Increase 3% 9,743 Decrease 10%
1984 623,588 Increase 5% 7,356 Increase 8% 10,050 Increase 3%
1985 668,285 Increase 7% 6,751 Decrease 8% 11,624 Increase 16%
1986 785,281 Increase 18% 7,507 Increase 11% 12,518 Increase 8%
1987 886,281 Increase 13% 7,450 Decrease 1% 14,038 Increase 12%
1988 835,206 Decrease 6% 7,261 Decrease 3% 13,716 Decrease 2%
1989 725,064 Decrease 13% 6,752 Decrease 7% 14,296 Increase 4%
1990 765,033 Increase 6% 5,878 Decrease 13% 16,253 Increase 14%
1991 347,583 Decrease 55% 4,662 Decrease 21% 8,794 Decrease 46%
1992 248,851 Decrease 28% 5,074 Increase 9% 8,861 Increase 1%
1993 402,563 Increase 62% 8,420 Increase 66% 12,898 Increase 46%
1994 497,456 Increase 24% 9,881 Increase 17% 15,821 Increase 23%
1995 638,268 Increase 28% 10,499 Increase 6% 17,868 Increase 13%
1996 668,532 Increase 5% 9,294 Decrease 11% 18,190 Increase 2%
1997 713,696 Increase 7% 10,161 Increase 9% 20,279 Increase 11%
1998 786,600 Increase 10% 10,953 Increase 8% 25,723 Increase 27%
1999 895,540 Increase 14% 11,093 Increase 1% 27,219 Increase 6%
Traffic at Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport
Year Passengers Change Cargo (t) Change Aircraft Movements Change
2000 991,693 Increase 11% 12,396 Increase 12% 29,965 Increase 10%
2001 894,130 Decrease 10% 12,403 Increase 1% 29,050 Decrease 3%
2002 872,966 Decrease 2% 12,021 Decrease 3% 28,751 Decrease 1%
2003 928,397 Increase 6% 12,080 Increase 1% 31,737 Increase 10%
2004 1,048,238 Increase 13% 11,780 Decrease 2% 35,502 Increase 12%
2005 1,218,896 Increase 16% 11,560 Decrease 2% 37,767 Increase 6%
2006 1,334,355 Increase 9% 15,309 Increase 32% 40,991 Increase 9%
2007 1,524,028 Increase 14% 21,717 Increase 42% 46,517 Increase 13%
2008 1,673,050 Increase 10% 17,188 Decrease 21% 47,926 Increase 3%
2009 1,433,855 Decrease 14% 14,333 Decrease 17% 45,492 Decrease 5%
2010 1,388,651 Decrease 3% 17,310 Increase 21% 42,569 Decrease 6%
2011 1,369,485 Decrease 1% 19,659 Increase 14% 39,267 Decrease 8%
2012 1,198,911 Decrease 12% 17,031 Decrease 13% 35,019 Decrease 11%
2013 1,321,153 Increase 10% 17,777 Increase 4% 33,112 Decrease 5%
2014 1,338,619 Increase 1.3% 18,983 Increase 6.8% 31,405 Decrease 5.0%
2015 1,464,579 Increase 9,4% 18,852 Decrease 0.07% 32,894 Increase 1,5%
2016 1,411,476 Decrease 3,7% 19,802 Decrease 5% 32,701 Decrease 0,06%
2017 1,688,558 Increase 22.7% 24,314 Increase 18.7% 34,444 Increase 5.3%
2018 1,818,229 Increase 7.6% 25,907 Increase 6.5% 35,512 Increase 3.1%
2019 1,450,849 (Sept 2019) Increase 1.9% 8.544 Decrease 5.5% 26.396 Decrease 3.2%
Source: Fraport[27]
Traffic at Ljubljana Jo?e Pu?nik Airport - graphical demonstration
Passenger numbers
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
2018

International traffic per country

Scheduled flights (2018)
Rank Country Destination airport(s) Airline(s) Passengers Change
(2017)
Rank
(2018)
1
United Kingdom United Kingdom London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester Adria Airways, easyJet, Wizz Air 249,100 Increase 1.88%
2
3
Turkey Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk Turkish Airlines 155,600 Increase 10.43%
3
4
Switzerland Switzerland Zürich Adria Airways 105,600 Decrease 2.67%
4
5
Belgium Belgium Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport Adria Airways, Wizz Air 107,800 Increase 3.65%
5
6
France France Paris-Charles de Gaulle Adria Airways, HOP! 102,300 Increase 19.65%
6
7
Netherlands Netherlands Amsterdam Adria Airways, Transavia 102,100 Increase 32.6%
14
8
Austria Austria Vienna Adria Airways 65,300 Decrease 0.0%
8
9
Serbia Serbia Belgrade Air Serbia 61,300 Decrease 1.3%
7
10
Montenegro Montenegro Podgorica Adria Airways, Montenegro Airlines 61,300 Increase 13.5%
9
Source: SURS[28]
Charter flights (2017)
Rank Country Passengers Change
(2016)
Rank
(2016)
1
Greece Greece 50,900 Increase 11.0%
1
2
Tunisia Tunisia 15,200 Increase 127.8%
3
3
Turkey Turkey 13,800 Increase 45.0%
2
4
Egypt Egypt 9,400 Increase 535.8%
10
5
Spain Spain 6,000 Increase 3.8%
4
6
Malta Malta 4,700 Increase 8.7%
5
7
Cyprus Cyprus 4,600 Increase 113.1%
9
8
Italy Italy 3,600 Decrease 8.7%
6
9
Israel Israel 2,700 Decrease 29.8%
7
10
Iceland Iceland 2,300 Decrease 31.2%
8
Source: SURS[29]

Ground transport

The airport is served by an exit off the A2 motorway and by bus services connecting it with the surrounding cities of Ljubljana, Kranj, Kamnik as well as Klagenfurt and its airport in Austria. Plans for a railway line connecting the airport with the city of Ljubljana and possibly also Kranj and Kamnik have been presented in the past, however the line most likely won't be built in the near future. The Airport is connected with many bigger Slovenian cities by bus and shuttle connections. Klagenfurt is connected by the Alpe Adria bus line. Other means of transportation to and from the airport are limited to the taxi services which are not controlled by the airport authority or Fraport Slovenija.

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "Ljubljana Airport statistics". Archived from the original on April 26, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Pirc, Samanta (March 2005). "Zgodovinski pregled letali v Republiki Sloveniji s poudarkom na cerkljansko letalie" [A Historical Overview of Airports in the Republic of Slovenia with an Emphasis on the Cerklje Airport] (PDF) (in Slovenian). High School of Commerce and Business, Celje. pp. 13-14.
  5. ^ Pataky, Nenad (17 November 2010). "Izgubljena Ljubljana" [Lost Ljubljana]. Dnevnik (in Slovenian).
  6. ^ "7622: Ljubljana - Staro letalie" [Ljubljana: The Old Airport]. Register of the Cultural Heritage of Slovenia (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Slovenia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "Slovenia". Political Chronology of Europe. Europa Publications. 2003. pp. 234+. ISBN 978-1-135-35687-3.
  8. ^ "Yugoslav Planes Bomb Key Airports in Slovenia - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1991-06-30. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "STA: Mali delni?arji Aerodroma Ljubljana zavrnili investicijo v nov terminal". www.sta.si.
  10. ^ Burns, Justin. "Fraport AG buys 75.5% stake in Ljubljana Airport - Airport World Magazine". www.airport-world.com.
  11. ^ "Aerodrom Ljubljana rebrands as Fraport Slovenija, terminal expansion about to begin". lju-airport.si.
  12. ^ "Environmental permit for the new passenger terminal" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Uradni list RS - Portal javnih naro?il". www.enarocanje.si.
  14. ^ Fraport Slovenia Sustainability report 2017
  15. ^ "Gorenjski glas | Rastemo hitreje kot letalia v regiji". www.gorenjskiglas.si.
  16. ^ "Promet je stekel po novi cesti mimo brni?kega letalia". RTVSLO.si.
  17. ^ "Flight Schedules". lju-airport.si.
  18. ^ "Air Serbia to launch twelve routes from Ni?". exyuaviation.com. 8 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Zorana Mihajlovic signs agreement on 12 airlines of public interest from Ni?". ekapija.com. 9 May 2019.
  20. ^ Airways, British. "LOOK AHEAD TO SUMMER AS SCHEDULE SHAPES UP". mediacentre.britishairways.com.
  21. ^ "Brussels Airlines to launch flights to Ljubljana Slovenia". press.brusselsairlines.com. 1 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Lufthansa and Swiss are also establishing new flights to Brnik". rtvslo.si. 2 October 2019.
  23. ^ "SWISS adds Ljubljana to its route network". rustourismnews.com. 2 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Wizz Air maintains flights between Brussels South Charleroi and Ljubljana this winter". aviation24.be. 13 October 2019.
  25. ^ a b swiftair.com - Routes retrieved 1 November 2019
  26. ^ "Traffic Figures - Aerodrom Ljubljana, d.d." (PDF).
  27. ^ "Fraport Traffic Figures July 2018" (PDF). Fraport. Fraport. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ "Zra?ni transport, Slovenija, 2017". stat.si. SURS. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ "Zra?ni transport, Slovenija, 2017". stat.si. SURS. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Media related to Ljubljana Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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