Loganair
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Loganair

Loganair Limited
Loganair logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
LM[1] LOG LOGAN
Founded1962
AOC #2105
HubsGlasgow Airport
Secondary hubsAberdeen Airport
City of Derry Airport
Edinburgh Airport
Inverness Airport
Kirkwall Airport
Norwich Airport
Newcastle Airport
Focus citiesManchester Airport
Stornoway Airport
Sumburgh Airport
Frequent-flyer programClan Loganair[2]
Fleet size43
Destinations40
Company sloganScotland's Airline
Parent company
HeadquartersLightyear Building
9 Marchburn Drive
Glasgow Airport
Paisley
PA3 2SJ[3]
Websitewww.loganair.co.uk

Loganair is a Scottish regional airline based at Glasgow Airport near Paisley, Scotland.[4]

In addition to its main base at Glasgow, the airline has hubs at Edinburgh Airport, Inverness Airport, Dundee Airport and Aberdeen Airport.[5] The company holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence. It is permitted to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats.[6]

History

Early years

Loganair Britten-Norman Islander in 1967
Loganair Saab 340B in its former British Airways livery

Loganair was established on 1 February 1962 by Willie Logan of the Logan Construction Company Ltd, operating as its air charter arm[7] with a Piper PA-23 Aztec based at Edinburgh.[8]

In 1967 Loganair took delivery of three Britten-Norman Islander twin-engine eight-seat light commuter airliners and began regular flights between the Orkney Islands,[9] and started operating in Shetland in 1970.[8] In 1966, after Renfrew Airport closed, the airline established its head office at Glasgow Airport.[10][11] This aspect of Loganair's operations ceased on 31 March 2006 when the new contract for air ambulance work was awarded to Gama Aviation.

Between 1968 and 1983 the company was owned by the Royal Bank of Scotland,[8] Towards the end of this period, Loganair bought Short 360 and Fokker F27 Friendship aircraft.[8] The company brought jet aircraft into the fleet with two British Aerospace 146s. In December 1983 it became a subsidiary of the Airlines of Britain Group. Further aircraft were added to the fleet: British Aerospace Jetstream 31, British Aerospace Jetstream 41, and British Aerospace ATP aircraft. In the late 1980s Loganair was the fastest growing scheduled operator at Manchester Airport, and, in terms of number of flights, was the airport's second busiest carrier.[12]

In 1993 the airline became a franchisee of British Airways, operating its Islanders in the British Airways livery. This would stand until July 2008 when it became the new franchisee of Flybe.[13]

After a restructure of British Midland Group in 1994, Loganair's routes outside Scotland and the aircraft used operate them were transferred to Manx Airlines. This consolidation of services led to the formation of a new airline, British Regional Airline (BRA Ltd). In 1997, with Loganair now consisting of six aircraft (one de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and five Britten Norman Islanders) and 44 staff, a management buy-out occurred.[14]

Operations as Flybe franchisee and later developments

In June 2005, Loganair was awarded a contract from the Irish Government to operate a daily return service from Knock, County Mayo to Dublin. This public service obligation (PSO) route operated for a period of three years as British Airways, with effect from 22 July 2005. The operation ceased in July 2008, the contract having been lost to Aer Arann. The airline also bought routes from Citiexpress in March 2004.[7]

Until October 2008 Loganair was a British Airways franchisee, operating flights sold through BA using BA flight codes. Loganair's inter-island operations between the Orkney and Shetland Islands carried out using Britten-Norman Islanders was removed from the franchise agreement in 2004. The flights have since been marketed under Loganair's own name, rather than British Airways'. Loganair became a franchise airline of Flybe, operating in the Flybe colours.[15][16] Flights are also operated under a codeshare agreement with British Airways connecting flights from Scotland to London. The franchise has been criticised by residents in the Scottish islands for what they perceive to be excessively high fares,[17][18] and a Facebook campaign set up in June 2015 to highlight the issue attracted over 7400 "likes" over the course of its first weekend.[19]

On 8 July 2011, it was announced that Loganair had agreed to purchase Cambridge based ScotAirways. ScotAirways continued to trade as a separate entity (using its original name of Suckling Airways) and holding its own licences and approvals until April 2013.[20][21]

Services to Belfast and to Birmingham from Dundee ended on 2 December 2012.[22] After CityJet had terminated its services between Dundee and London City Airport in January 2014, Loganair took over the route, operating from Dundee to London Stansted Airport, with the support of a PSO agreement.[23]

In May 2015 two Viking Air DHC-6-400 Twin Otter aircraft were acquired by Highlands and Islands Airports to be operated by Loganair on the Scottish Government's Public Service Obligation routes between Glasgow and Campbeltown, Tiree and Barra.[24] In August 2015 the airline became part of a new regional airline group, Airline Investments Limited (AIL),[25] along with East Midlands-based airline bmi regional.[26]

On 21 November 2016, Flybe and Loganair announced that their franchise agreement would terminate on 31 August 2017. Despite headlines, it is unclear who initiated the termination.[27] Loganair later relaunched its website without renewed interline agreements with Flybe or Aer Lingus.[28]

In April 2017, pending the termination of the Flybe franchise agreement, Loganair unveiled its new independent corporate livery on Saab 340B Freighter G-LGNN. From 1 September the airline began operating "in its own right" for the first time in 24 years.[29] Loganair signed a codeshare agreement with British Airways (BA), effective from 1 September 2017 (coinciding with the launch of independent operations), allowing passengers to book through flights onto BA's global network.[30][31]

In February 2019, following Flybmi's cessation of operations, Loganair announced that it was to take over Flybmi's routes from Aberdeen to Bristol, Oslo and Esbjerg, from Newcastle to Stavanger and Brussels,[32] and from City of Derry Airport to London-Stansted.[33]

Destinations

As of May 2019, Loganair serves 43 destinations in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, the Republic of Ireland and Europe.[34][35] Part of Loganair's operations includes the world's shortest scheduled commercial route, between Westray Airport and Papa Westray Airport, a distance of 1.7 miles,[36] and the use of Barra Airport, the only airport in the world to use a beach as a runway.

Codeshare agreements

Loganair has codeshare agreements with the following airlines (as of May 2019):

Interline agreements

Loganair has interline agreements with the following airlines (as of May 2019):

Loganair is also a partner airline in the "Worldwide by easyJet" scheme[43]

The airline is also in talks with Irish flag carrier, Aer Lingus, to secure a codeshare agreement, provisionally slated to be operational by the fourth quarter of 2019.[44]

Fleet

Loganair Saab 340

Current fleet

As of March 2019 the Loganair fleet consists of the following aircraft:[45]

Loganair Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
Britten-Norman Islander 2 8
de Havilland Canada DHC-6-310 Twin Otter 1 19
Viking Air DHC-6-400 Twin Otter 2 19 Operated on behalf of the Scottish Government
Embraer ERJ-135 4 37 All ex-Flybmi, 3 transferred March 2019[46]
Embraer ERJ-145 13 49 10 ex-Flybmi ERJ-145s transferred Feb/Mar 2019[47][48]
Saab 340AF 2 Cargo
Saab 340BF 2 Cargo
Saab 340B 12 34
Saab 2000 5 50 To be phased out by early 2020[49][50]
1 aircraft wet leased to BA Cityflyer[51].
Total 43 0

Fleet development

In June 2018, it was announced that Loganair plan to add at least a further two Embraer ERJ-145 aircraft for the start of the Summer 2019 schedule. The aircraft are to be transferred to Loganair from its sister company Flybmi and will initially be used to operate flights from Loganair's Glasgow base to Derry and Stornoway. Loganair plan to eventually use the Embraer ERJ-145 aircraft to launch new routes to European airports that are currently not served from Glasgow.[52]

Embraer ERJ-145 were previously operated by Flybmi on behalf of Loganair on the Inverness to Bergen, Dublin and Manchester routes before the airline acquired their first ERJ-135 in November 2018. Also in November 2018, it was announced that around twenty ATR 42 aircraft would be phased into its fleet to replace the Saab 2000 and Saab 340 aircraft in the third quarter of 2019.[50]

Loganair is planning to introduce electric aircraft to the Orkney Islands by 2021 due to the short distance between the islands that would make such flights possible.[53]

Loganair has continued to follow its fleet simplification programme through 2019 by phasing out the small subfleets of Dornier 328 and Saab 2000s to focus on the Saab 340 and Embraer ERJ families in the near term before the gradual phase in of the ATR 42 fleet.[54] By April 2019, the D328 fleet had already been Withdrawn From Use (WFU) and stored.[55]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 12 June 1986, a DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft with 16 people on board[56] struck high ground on the island of Islay in poor weather. The pilots had mistakenly identified the coastal village of Laphroaig as the town of Port Ellen, near Islay's Glenegedale Airport. There was one fatality, a pilot.[57]
  • In 1996, a Britten-Norman Islander was destroyed in Shetland. The accident occurred during a night time return flight to the aircraft's home base following a medical evacuation flight. The aircraft crashed short of the runway whilst attempting to land after a previous discontinued approach in strong gusting cross winds. The pilot had exercised his discretion to extend the period for which he was allowed to fly that day. The pilot's medical certificate had expired nineteen days earlier thus invalidating his pilot's licence. The pilot was killed in the crash and a doctor on board was seriously injured; a nurse seated at the rear of the aircraft sustained minor injuries.[11][58]
  • On 27 February 2001, Flight 670 a Short 360 registered G-BNMT operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730GMT. Both crew members were killed, but there were no passengers on board. An Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines for the crash. Protective covers had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.[59][60]
  • On 15 March 2005, a Britten-Norman Islander crashed into the sea while descending toward Campbeltown Airport in western Scotland. The aircraft was operating on an unscheduled air ambulance flight. Both occupants, the pilot and one passenger (a paramedic with the Scottish Ambulance Service), died in the crash.[11][61] As a result of this accident, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) accepted Safety Recommendation UNKG-2006-101 from the UK's accident investigation report, which the European Commission adopted into regulation, making passenger shoulder harnesses mandatory on all commercial air transport aircraft weighing less than 5,700 kg (12,500 lbs) and having fewer than nine passenger seats.[62](p67)[63](p103)[64](p88)[65]

References

Citations

  1. ^ IATA Code search, selecting "airline name" as the search parameter and "Loganair" as the search term. Search conducted 17 February 2015
  2. ^ "About Clan Loganair".
  3. ^ "Contact homepage".
  4. ^ "Contacts: Statutory Information". Loganair. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 106.
  6. ^ "Type A Operating Licence Holders". United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Scots carrier Loganair lands seven BA routes". The Scotsman. 28 November 2003. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d "Brief History". www.loganair.co.uk. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Loganair is like no other airline - where dogs scurry under seats for take-off, geese scatter across runways and the view from the window catches at the heart". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Hutchison, Iain. The Story of Loganair. Kea Publishing, 1987. 82. Retrieved from Google Books on 30 June 2010. ISBN 0-906437-14-8, ISBN 978-0-906437-14-8.
  11. ^ a b c "Two missing after air ambulance crash". The Guardian. 15 March 2005. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Imrie, Ian (18 May 1989). "Loganair joins airport protest". The Herald. Newsquest. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Brief History - Loganair". Loganair. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Ranscombe, Peter (16 January 2013). "Adams lands chief executive's job at Loganair while Harrison pilots board". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair" (Press release). Flybe. 14 January 2008. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008.
  16. ^ "Loganair ties up deal with Flybe". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. 14 January 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "FLYBE - Is it fleece me?". South of Scotland Liberal Democrats. 23 May 2009. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ "Shetland MSP calls for lower airfares in the face of falling oil prices". Deadline News. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Islanders mount campaign against Flybe and Loganair prices". The Shetland Times. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  20. ^ "Loganair acquires UK charter specialist Suckling Airways" (Press release). Loganair. 8 July 2011. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  21. ^ "Glasgow-based Loganair buys Cambridge charter Suckling". BBC News. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 2014.
  22. ^ Argo, Andrew (25 October 2012). "Loganair/Flybe withdrawal is a major blow for Dundee Airport". The Courier (Dundee). Retrieved 2014.
  23. ^ "Loganair to link to Dundee to London with daily flights". BBC News. 6 June 2014.
  24. ^ "Viking Invasion". Airliner World: 6. July 2015.
  25. ^ "New regional airline group created". 3 August 2015 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  26. ^ "New regional airline group created: bmi regional and Loganair now part of AIL Group". 3 August 2015. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015.
  27. ^ bbc.co.uk - Flybe terminates contract with Loganair 21 November 2016
  28. ^ loganair.co.uk - Scotland's Airline spreads its wings Archived 2 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine 21 November 2016
  29. ^ "PICTURE: Loganair adopts new colours after Flybe split". Flightglobal.com. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "Rising number of flights spark fear that island airport will be overwhelmed with passengers". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "Loganair Lands BA Tie-up". Airliner World (October 2017): 5.
  32. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (17 February 2019). "Loganair picks up routes from failed sister carrier". Flightglobal.com.
  33. ^ "City of Derry Airport: Loganair takes on London route". BBC News. 22 February 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ loganair.co.uk - Destinations retrieved 23 November 2016
  35. ^ "List of Loganair destinations", Wikipedia, 24 May 2019, retrieved 2019 Using only current destinations on the main destinations list.
  36. ^ Clarke, Chris (17 April 2015). "The World's Shortest Commercial Flight Takes Less Than A Minute". Gawker Media / Jalopnik. Retrieved 2015.
  37. ^ "British Airways Codeshare". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ "Wideroe Codeshare". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ "Emirates Partner". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  40. ^ "Qatar Partner". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Thomas Cook Partner". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "Turkish Airlines". Loganair. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ "Worldwide by easyJet". www.easyjet.com. Retrieved 2019.
  44. ^ Hamilton, Peter. "Loganair in discussion to agree codeshare with Aer Lingus". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019.
  45. ^ "UK civil aircraft register list of Loganair aircraft". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Loganair Fleet List". jethros.co.uk. Retrieved 2019.
  47. ^ "G-INFO search | Civil Aviation Authority". siteapps.caa.co.uk. Retrieved 2019.
  48. ^ "Loganair Fleet List". www.jethros.org.uk. Retrieved 2019.
  49. ^ "Scotland's Loganair to increase jet fleet". m.atwonline.com.
  50. ^ a b "Loganair plans to revamp fleet". Shetland News. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  51. ^ "Loganair to operate Isle of Man-London City route for British Airways". Business Traveller.
  52. ^ "UK's Loganair to add maiden regional jets in 2019". ch-aviation.
  53. ^ "Orkney islands could get first electric plane service". Retrieved 2018.
  54. ^ "UK's Loganair starts fleet simplification programme". ch-aviation. Retrieved 2019.
  55. ^ "Loganair Fleet List". www.jethros.org.uk. Retrieved 2019.
  56. ^ "Review of General Aviation Fatal Accidents 1985-1994" (PDF). CAA. March 1997. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 2013.
  57. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Crash-aerien 12 JUN 1986 d'un de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 G-BGPC - Laphroaig, Isle of Islay". aviation-safety.net.
  58. ^ "AAIB Bulletin: 11/96" (PDF).
  59. ^ "Air Accidents Investigation: 2/2003 G-BMNT" (PDF). AAIB. Retrieved 2014.
  60. ^ "Plane crash crew found dead". BBC News. 27 February 2001. Retrieved 2014.
  61. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report 2/2006 - Pilatus Britten-Norman BN2B-26 Islander, G-BOMG, 15 March 2005". GOV.UK.
  62. ^ Formal Report AAR 2/2006 Report on the accident to Pilatus Britten-Norman BN2B-26 Islander, G-BOMG, West-north-west of Campbeltown Airport, Scotland, on 15 March 2005. 2006. Retrieved 2015.
  63. ^ European Aviation Safety Agency. "OPINION NO 04/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN AVIATION SAFETY AGENCY of 1 June 2011 for a Commission Regulation establishing the Implementing Rules for air operations" (PDF). European Aviation Safety Agency. Retrieved 2016.
  64. ^ European Aviation Safety Agency. "2011 Annual Safety Recommendations review" (PDF). European Aviation Safety Agency. Retrieved 2016.
  65. ^ European Commission (25 October 2012). "COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 965/2012: CAT.IDE.A.205 Seats, seat safety belts, restraint systems and child restraint devices". Official Journal of the European Union. 965/2012: L/296 116. Retrieved 2016.

Bibliography

External links

Media related to Loganair at Wikimedia Commons


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Loganair
 



 



 
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