Lonnie Mack
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Lonnie Mack
Lonnie Mack
Mack performing at Rising Sun, Indiana, in 2003
Background information
Lonnie McIntosh
Born (1941-07-18)July 18, 1941
West Harrison, Indiana, U.S.
Died April 21, 2016(2016-04-21) (aged 74)
Smithville, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Blues rock, instrumental rock, blues, country, country-soul, southern rock, rockabilly, blue-eyed soul, bluegrass, gospel
Musician, singer-songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Labels Alligator, Elektra, Fraternity, Capitol, Flying V Records, Jewel, King, Ace, Epic, Sage Records, Dobbs Records
Website lonniemack.com!

Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 - April 21, 2016), known by his stage name Lonnie Mack, was an American rock, blues, and country singer-guitarist. He was active from the mid-1950s into the early 2000s.

Mack's best-known work was during his Elektra Records contract (1968-71) and the release of his most successful records in 1963 and 1985. At age 29, after a three-year period of commercial success, Mack worked as a low-profile country artist for the next 14 years. At age 48, after a resurgent five-year period (1985-1989: four successful albums, a Carnegie Hall concert and guest appearances by The Rolling Stones and Stevie Ray Vaughan), he abruptly retired from recording and spent the remaining 14 years of his career as a single-night roadhouse performer. Mack said: "Seems like every time I get close to really making it, to climbing to the top of the mountain, that's when I pull out. I just pull up and run."[1] Music historian Dick Shurman said: "His temperament wasn't suited to stardom. I think he'd rather have been hunting and fishing. He didn't like cities or the business."[2] Mack's friend, progressive rock guitarist Adrian Belew of King Crimson said: "Lonnie was a good-hearted country boy who would rather go fishing than be a star."[3]William Grimes said: "He remained a cult figure, in part because of his distaste for the music business."[4] Although he was a low-profile performer for much of his career, Mack was a "cult figure" to his fans[4] but Daniel Kreps wrote that though he was "largely unknown to mainstream audiences", Mack was a "...Flying V pioneer influenced entire generation of guitar gods..."[5]Rolling Stone magazine described him as a "pioneer in rock guitar soloing";[6] Sean McDevitt called him a "pioneering father of blues-rock";[7][8] Brian Reiser described him as a "...trailblazing pioneer of the electric guitar.... [M]uch of rock music might not have been the same - without his innovative way of treating the electric guitar as a lead soloing instrument in rock - edgy, aggressive, loud and fast."[9] Guitarist Mike Johnstone wrote that Mack's "Memphis" caused a stir in 1963: "[It] was the best guitar-playing I'd ever heard. All the guitar-players were [saying] 'How could anyone ever play that good? That's the new bar. That's how good you have to be now.'"[10] Mack's early solos were the immediate precursors to the rise of rock guitar virtuosity in the mid-late 1960s, with such lead guitarists as Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page and Mike Bloomfield. In 1989 Greg Kot wrote "Lonnie Mack launched the modern guitar era 26 years ago."[11] Mack's impact on the evolution and development of rock guitar was much greater than his own commercial success. In the course of his half-century career, Mack had only two top-30 hits ("Memphis" at number 5 and Wham!" at number 24, both in 1963) and only one gold record ("Memphis"). All of the prominent guitarists cited in this article for calling Mack a significant influence or inspiration went on to become far more commercially successful than Mack.[12] According to Guitar Player magazine, "...Lonnie Mack virtually invented blues-rock..."[13] Blues-rock guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan said: "Lonnie invented a lot of this stuff."[14] Jess Mayhew wrote that "He became the godfather of the wild and expressive blues-rock solos that became so prevalent in the '60s and beyond."[15] Bill Millar wrote that Mack was also known for the "depth of feeling" of his vocals, in which he blended country, gospel, blues and soul:

For consistency and depth of feeling -- the best blue-eyed soul is defined by Lonnie Mack's ballads and virtually everything the Righteous Brothers recorded...Lonnie Mack wailed a soul ballad as gutsily as any black gospel singer. The anguished inflections which stamped his best songs had a directness which would have been wholly embarrassing in the hands of almost any other white vocalist."[16]

In his early years, Mack was often mis-identified as a black performer, both for his soul/gospel vocals and his R&B-influenced guitar style.[17][18][19][20] Crediting Mack's vocals and guitar-playing, music critic Jimmy Guterman ranked Mack's 1963 debut album, "The Wham of that Memphis Man!", No. 16 in his book The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time[21]

Early life

In early 1941, when the coal mines closed, Mack's family (Mack's mother was pregnant with him at the time) left Owsley County, Kentucky to work as tenant farmers in Dearborn County, Indiana.[4] During the Hillbilly Highway migration of refugees from the coal mine closures in Southern Appalachia before World War II, most sought jobs in industrialized cities; the McIntosh worked instead as sharecroppers. One of five children, he was born to parents Robert and Sarah Sizemore McIntosh on July 18, 1941, in West Harrison, Indiana.[22]

He was raised nearby on sharecropping farms along the Ohio River. Although his childhood homes had no electricity, the family used a primitive radio powered by a truck battery to listen to the Grand Ole Opry country music show. Continuing to listen after the rest of the family had retired for the night, Mack became a fan of rhythm and blues and traditional black gospel music.[23]

He began playing guitar at the age of seven, after trading his bicycle for a "Lone Ranger" model acoustic guitar.[24][25] His mother taught him the rudiments of acoustic guitar and country-style singing. An uncle showed him how to merge a fast-picking Merle Travis country sound with traditional blues-picking styles.[26] He was mentored by a local country gospel singer, Ralph Trotto.[27]

Mack said his guitar style was also influenced by pioneering pop/jazz electric guitarist Les Paul and electric blues guitarist T-Bone Walker.[27][28]

He also cited the vocal influences of R&B artists Jimmy Reed, Ray Charles, Bobby "Blue" Bland, and Hank Ballard, country singer George Jones, country-gospel singer Martha Carson and traditional black gospel singer Archie Brownlee.[29][30]

As an adult, he recorded tunes associated with each of these artists.


In 1954, at the age of thirteen, Mack dropped out of school after a fight with a teacher. He soon began performing professionally with a succession of local bands, using a fake ID.[31][30] He played guitar on several low-circulation recordings in the late 1950s. One, "Hey Baby" (Sage, 1959), a bluegrass/rockabilly tune by two of his cousins, was reissued by Bear Family Records in 2010. Album, "That'll Flat Git It", V. 27, track 17, ISBN 978-3-89916-577-7. It was published in the U.S. as "That'll Flat Git It! Vol. 27: Rockabilly & Rock 'n' Roll From The Vault Of Sage & Sand Records: Various Artists" On it, seventeen-year-old Mack can be heard providing a Travis-picking guitar accompaniment, punctuated by a brief rockabilly solo.[32]

Mack went on to release thirteen original albums over the course of his career. His recordings drew from black and white American roots music genres,[33][34] including blues, country, bluegrass, rockabilly, R&B, soul, country gospel, and traditional black gospel. In Rolling Stone, Alec Dubro wrote, "Lonnie can be put into that 'Elvis Presley-Roy Orbison-Early Rock' bag, but mostly for convenience. In total sound and execution, he was an innovator."[35]

In the early 1960s he became a session guitarist with Fraternity Records, a small label in Cincinnati. In 1963, he recorded two hit records for Fraternity, the proto-blues-rock guitar instrumentals "Memphis" and "Wham!" He soon recorded additional tunes (both instrumentals and vocals) to flesh out his debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man (Fraternity, 1963). Mack produced some notable recordings later in his career: the albums Strike Like Lightning (1985), and Lonnie Mack Live: Attack of the Killer V (1990), were commercially successful and drew critical acclaim.

Mack then recorded several additional batches of tunes for Fraternity in 1964 and 1965. However, their distribution was limited by Fraternity's financial difficulties. The label was ultimately sold to a new owner for $25,000[36] but never recovered, and their sales potential was further undermined by the sudden popularity of The Beatles-led British Invasion that had begun in late 1963 and intensified thereafter. Apart from "Memphis" (Billboard #5) and Wham!" (Billboard #24), only two additional Mack Fraternity singles charted: "Honky-Tonk '65" (#78) and "Baby, What's Wrong?" (#93).[37] Many of Mack's mid-1960s Fraternity recordings weren't released until Ace Records (UK) acquired Fraternity's original master tapes in the late 1990s. In the mid-1960s, with his career in a slump, Mack turned to R&B session work (mostly for other labels), playing guitar on recordings by James Brown, Freddie King, Joe Simon and others.[]

In late 1968, the newly-founded Rolling Stone magazine published a retrospective review of his five-year-old Fraternity recordings.[38] He soon moved to Los Angeles to execute a three-album contract with Elektra Records.[39] While contracted to Elektra, he performed in major rock venues, including the Fillmore East, the Fillmore West and the Cow Palace, where he opened for The Doors and Crosby, Stills & Nash and shared the stage with Johnny Winter, Elvin Bishop and other popular rock and blues artists of the time.[40][41][42][43] While contracted with Elektra, Mack also played bass guitar on The Doors hit record, "Roadhouse Blues".

However, it was the "hippie" era in the U.S., and Mack's "Kentucky truck-driver" persona was an uncomfortable fit with commercial rock's target demographic. John Northland wrote: "[All] the superior chops in the world couldn't hide the fact that chubby, country Mack probably had more in common with Kentucky truck drivers than he did with the new rock audience."[44][45] In addition, his rustic sensibilities were unsuited to urban living,[46][47] stardom,[1][2] Los Angeles' psychedelic music scene,[48] and major-label corporate politics.[49][1][2] Stuart Holman, Mack's bass guitarist in the early 1970s, said that Mack "had no tolerance for the internal politics of the music business."[50] Unhappy and disillusioned after three years in the commercial rock spotlight, Mack relocated to Nashville in 1971 to record his final (and mostly country) Elektra album, then returned to his birthplace in rural southeast Indiana, where, for the next decade, he operated as a low-profile country music recording artist, sideman and session musician. In 1973, Mack and Rusty York released an all-acoustic bluegrass LP, Dueling Banjos. It contains sixteen bluegrass standards in a dueling-banjos format, with guitar and fiddle. Mack played guitar on all sixteen songs and provided the sole vocal track (the gospel tune "I'll Fly Away") on this otherwise instrumental album. In 1974, Mack played lead guitar in Dobie Gray's band. Mack's guitar work from this period can be found on Gray's 1974 country-pop album Hey, Dixie. Mack wrote or co-wrote three tunes on the album, including the title track.[51] In March 1974, he performed as Gray's lead guitarist at the last broadcast of The Grand Ole Opry from Nashville's Ryman Auditorium. In 1977, Mack recorded Home at Last, an album of country ballads and bluegrass tunes. In 1978, he recorded Lonnie Mack with Pismo, asomewhat faster-paced album, of country, southern rock and rockabilly tunes. Leaving commercial rock at age 29 may have burnished Mack's image as a pop-music "cult-figure",[4] but, over time, it also left him "largely unknown to mainstream [rock] audiences".[5]

In 1983, Mack relocated to Austin, Texas, home of his friend and blues-rock guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan. In 1985, with Vaughan's help and encouragement, he re-emerged as a rock artist with his indie comeback album, Strike Like Lightning and a promotional tour featuring guest appearances by Vaughan, Ry Cooder, and The Rolling Stones' Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood.[52] Attendees included Mick Jagger, Paul Simon and Bob Dylan.[53] The tour culminated in a Carnegie Hall concert with Albert Collins and Roy Buchanan.[54][55][56] He released three more albums over the next four years, including his recording career epilogue, Lonnie Mack Live - Attack of the Killer V! (Alligator, 1990). Thereafter, he retired from recording as a solo artist. He made guest appearances on albums of two other artists in 2000, and put out some "kitchen-table" recordings on his website in 2010,[] but continued to intermittently tour the roadhouse and music festival circuits at home and abroad. In 2004, he retired from performing, except for a few one-off events over the next six years.

"Memphis" and "Wham!"

On March 12, 1963,[57] at the end of a recording session backing up The Charmaines, Mack and his band were offered the remaining twenty minutes of studio-rental time.[27] Not expecting the tune to be released, Mack recorded a jaunty rockabilly/blues guitar take-off on Chuck Berry's 1959 UK vocal hit, "Memphis, Tennessee".[58] He had improvised the guitar solo in a live performance a few years earlier, when the band-member who always sang the tune missed a club date. Mack's instrumental homage to the Berry tune was well-received, so he adopted it as part of his live act. He shortened the title to "Memphis". As recorded in 1963, "Memphis" featured a then-unique combination of several key elements, including seven distinct sections and an unusually fast twelve-bar blues solo, augmented by an aggressive rock drum-beat.[59] Interviewed in 2011, the recording engineer on "Memphis", Chuck Seitz, recalled that it took ten minutes to "set up" and less than ten minutes to record the tune twice.[60]

"Memphis" was first broadcast in the spring of 1963. By late June, "Memphis" had risen to No. 4 on Billboard's R&B chart and No. 5 on Billboard's pop chart.[27] "Memphis" was the fourth rock guitar instrumental to reach Billboard's "Top 5", preceded by "Twang" and "Surf" classics, such as The Virtues' "Guitar Boogie Shuffle" (1958), The Ventures' "Walk, Don't Run" (1960), and Duane Eddy's "Because They're Young" (1960). In 1964, Johnny Rivers released his own version of "Memphis", recombining Berry's vocal treatment with signature elements of Mack's instrumental. Rivers' version reached No. 2 on the U.S. Hit Parade. According to The Book of Golden Discs, "Memphis" sold over one million copies.[61] The popularity of "Memphis" led to bookings at larger venues, tours in the UK and performances with Chuck Berry.[62][63]

Still in 1963, Mack released "Wham!", a gospel-inspired guitar rave-up that reached No. 24 on Billboard's Pop chart in September.[58] He soon recorded several more rock-guitar solos in the same style,[64] including "Chicken Pickin'" and an instrumental version of Dale Hawkins's "Suzie Q".[65]

According to musicologist Richard T. Pinnell, Mack's upbeat, fast-paced take on electric blues-guitar in "Memphis" was unprecedented in the history of rock guitar soloing to that point, producing a tune that was both "rhythmically and melodically full of fire" and "one of the milestones of early rock and roll guitar".[66] Today, Mack is widely considered rock's first genuine "guitar hero"[21][67] Many consider "Memphis" and "Wham!" to be the earliest genuine hit recordings of the virtuoso blues-rock guitar genre.[12][13] Blues-rock guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan said: "Lonnie invented a lot of this stuff." [14]

Mack's influence on other guitarists

Mack's early solos inspired several generations of rock guitarists who rose to prominence beginning in mid-late 1960s, including Joe Bonamassa, Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Duane Allman, Keith Richards, Jimmy Page, Ted Nugent, and Stevie Ray Vaughan]].[68][5][69][70][71] Vaughan said that Mack was "a big idol of mine"[72] "ahead of his time"[73] and a "very big influence"[74] Vaughan began playing guitar the year "Memphis" and "Wham!" were released,[75] honing his early guitar skills by playing along with "Wham!" ("the first record I ever owned" [76] incessantly until his father finally destroyed the record. The young Vaughan simply bought another copy and resumed his practice.[77] Regarding his own style, SRV said that Mack had "invented a lot of this stuff"[14] and that "I got a lot of the fast things I do from Lonnie".[78] Three years before his death, Vaughan listed Mack first among the guitarists he had listened to, both as a youngster and as an adult.[79]Jeff Beck said that Mack was "unjustly overlooked as a major influence on him and many others".[80] Beck's 1966 Yardbirds-era showcase "Jeff's Boogie" has been called[by whom?] "a deliberate nod to Mack", and in 2015, Beck included Mack's "Lonnie on the Move" and "Strike Like Lightning" in his touring set-lists.[81][82]Dickey Betts, Warren Haynes and Dan Toler and rock lead and slide guitarist Duane Allman played along with "Memphis" in his military academy dorm room, starting, stopping, and slowing the turntable with his foot, until the young guitarist had mastered the tune.[83] Dan Toler of the Greg Allman Band and Dickey Betts & Great Southern was similarly influenced by Mack's "Memphis".[84][85] His Allman Brothers band-mate, lead and rhythm guitarist Dickey Betts, said, "Lonnie is one of the greatest players I know of. He's always been a great influence on me.[86] and "I was really gettin' tired of "Little Deuce Coupe" and all the beach songs, and "Louie, Louie" -- which are great songs -- but I'm talkin' 'bout guitar-playin. And here come Lonnie Mack, right down the middle of it all. God, what a breath of fresh air that was for me."[87] Lead guitarist Warren Haynes (Allman Brothers Band, Dickey Betts Band, Gov't Mule) said, "Between the era of Chuck Berry and the era of Hendrix there were a handful of guitar players like Lonnie Mack who were making ground-breaking music that paved the way for the Revolution. People like Dickey Betts and Stevie Ray Vaughn would tell you that without Lonnie they wouldn't be who they were. That goes for all of us."[88]Ray Benson frontman for eight-time Grammy-winner Asleep at the Wheel, declared Mack "my guitar hero".[89] Funk bassist Bootsy Collins said "For me, at that time, Lonnie Mack was the master. Every note that mutha played, was, like, 'Man!'. I would try to mimic all the notes he played. Same thing with [Collins' brother] Cat. A Lonnie Mack song come out, he'd learn it backwards and forwards".[90]Adrian Belew (progressive rock),[91]Ted Nugent (hard rock),[92] and Tyler Morris (multi-genre).[93][94]

Late career, retirement and death

After recording his final album, Attack of the Killer V (1990), Mack continued to perform on the roadhouse circuit until 2004.

On November 15, 2008, he was a featured performer at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's thirteenth annual Music Masters Tribute Concert, soloing on "Wham!" in a 93rd birthday salute to the concert's honoree, electric-guitar pioneer Les Paul.[95]

Mack died on April 21, 2016, at a country hospital near his home in Smithville, Tennessee. His death at age 74 was attributed both to "natural causes"[96] and decades of "hard living".[97][98]

Original Album Discography

Career recognition and awards

Year Award or recognition
1992 Music critic Jimmy Guterman ranked Mack's first album #16 in his book, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time.[99]
1993 Gibson Guitar Corporation issued a limited-run "Lonnie Mack Signature Edition" of "Number 7", Mack's 1958 "Flying V" guitar[100]
1998 Lifetime Achievement "Cammy" ("Cammy" is the nickname for the Cincinnati Enquirer Pop Music Award, which is presented annually to musicians identified with the tri-State area of Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana)[101]
2001 Inducted into the Southeastern Indiana Musician's Association Hall of Fame[102]
2001 Inducted into the International Guitar Hall of Fame[103]
2002 Second "Lifetime Achievement" Cammy[104]
2005 Inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame[105]
2006 Inducted into The Southern Legends Entertainment & Performing Arts Hall of Fame[106]
2011 Mack's "Number 7" was judged among the world's 150 "most elite guitars"[107]

See also

External links


  1. ^ a b c Peter Guralnick, Pickers, "Lonnie Mack: Fiery Picker Goes Country", 1977, pp. 16-18.
  2. ^ a b c Terence McArdle, "Lonnie Mack, Guitarist and Singer Who Influenced Blues and Rock Acts, Dies at 74", Washington Post April 25, 2016, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/lonnie-mack-guitarist-and-singer-who-influenced-blues-and-rock-acts-dies-at-74/2016/04/25/5c581f3c-0a44-11e6-bfa1-4efa856caf2a_story.html
  3. ^ Munro, "Ex King Crimson Man Belew Pays Tribute to Lonnie Mack", April 29, 2016, at http://teamrock.com/news/2016-04-29/ex-king-crimson-man-belew-pays-tribute-to-lonnie-mack
  4. ^ a b c d William Grimes, "Lonnie Mack, Singer and Guitarist Who Pioneered Blues-Rock, Dies at 74", New York Times, April 22, 2016. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/23/arts/music/lonnie-mack-singer-and-guitarist-who-pioneered-blues-rockdies-at-74.html
  5. ^ a b c Kreps, "Lonnie Mack, Blues-Rock Guitar Great, Dead at 74". RollingStone.com. April 23, 2016, at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/lonnie-mack-blues-rock-guitar-great-dead-at-74-20160423
  6. ^ "Twenty Iconic Guitars", Rolling Stone at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/20-iconic-guitars-20120523/lonnie-macks-flying-v-0534574, 05/23/2012
  7. ^ McDevitt, "Unsung Guitar Hero Lonnie Mack", at http://www.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/Unsung-Guitar-Hero-Lonnie-Mack.aspx, 09/05/2007
  8. ^ Kerzner, "Breaking: Pioneering Guitarist Lonnie Mack Dead at 74", 4/22/2016, at https://www.americanbluesscene.com/2016/04/breaking-pioneering-guitarist-lonnie-mack-dead-at-74/
  9. ^ Brian Reiser, "Lonnie Mack: Remembering His Trailblazing Blues-Rock Guitar Virtuosity", Website:"Keeping the Blues Alive", April 29, 2016, at https://keepingthebluesalive.org/lonnie-mack-remembering-his-trailblazing-blues-rock-guitar-virtuosity/
  10. ^ (Poe, Skydog: The Duane Allman Story, Backbeat, 2006, at p. 10).(3)
  11. ^ Greg Kot, "He Wrote The Book", Chicago Tribune online, December 13, 1989, at http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1989-12-13/features/8903170595_1_doors-morrison-hotel-memphis-man-lonnie-mack
  12. ^ a b "Talkin' Blues: Lonnie Mack and the Birth of Blues-Rock". Guitar World. Retrieved 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Guitar Player, "101 Forgotten Greats and Unsung Heroes", 2/1/2007, at https://www.guitarplayer.com/players/101-forgotten-greats-andamp-unsung-heroes
  14. ^ a b c Newton, "My First Interview With Stevie Ray Vaughn", at https://earofnewt.com/2015/08/26/my-first-interview-with-stevie-ray-vaughan-when-he-sang-me-three-lines-of-an-earl-king-song/
  15. ^ Jess Mayhew, "Southern Rock Legend Lonnie Mack Dies at 74", reverb.com online, April 22, 2016 at https://reverb.com/news/southern-rock-legend-lonnie-mack-dies-at-74"
  16. ^ Bill Millar, "Colour Me Soul", from "History of Rock", 1983, at https://web.archive.org/web/20071122194241/http://www.soul-source.co.uk/soul-words/blue-eyed-soul-colour-me-soul.htm
  17. ^ "When Lonnie Mack Was Black" at https://beaugrosscup.bandcamp.com/track/when-lonnie-mack-was-black/
  18. ^ Vitale, "RIP Lonnie Mack", Chicago Tonight on-line, 4/22/2016 at http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2016/04/22/rip-lonnie-mack
  19. ^ Watrous, "Lonnie Mack in a Melange of Guitar Styles", New York Times, September 18, 1988
  20. ^ Alec Dubro, retrospective review of Mack's debut album, "The Wham of that Memphis Man" (Fraternity, 1964), Rolling Stone magazine, November 23, 1968
  21. ^ a b The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time, 1992, Citadel Publishing, p. 34.
  22. ^ "Lonnie Mack, July 18, 1941 - April 21, 2016". alligator.com. 
  23. ^ Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back of the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 55-56.
  24. ^ Dan Forte, "Lonnie Mack: That Memphis Man is Back", 1978, p. 20
  25. ^ Murrells, The Book of Golden Discs, Barrie & Jenkins, 1978, p.163
  26. ^ Matre, Van (May 2, 1985). "Lonnie Mack Back In The Swing Of Things" (http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-05-0 2/features/8501270055_1_mack-doesn-t-stevie-ray-vaughan-lonnie-mack). Chicago Tribune, Lifestyle Section. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  27. ^ a b c d Bill Millar, liner notes to Ace (UK) early Mack compilation album entitled "Memphis Wham!"
  28. ^ Dahl, Bill. "Lonnie Mack profile at" (https://www.allmusic.com/artist/p438). allmusic.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  29. ^ "Unsung Guitar Hero: Lonnie Mack" at http://www2.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/Unsung-Guitar-Hero-Lo nnie-Mack.aspx, July 14, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2014
  30. ^ a b McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 175.
  31. ^ Russ House, Triad Publishing. "Lonnie Mack bio at" (http://www.lonniemack.com). Lonniemack.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011
  32. ^ Harley Gabbard & Aubrey Holt - Hey Baby ~ Rockabilly on YouTube
  33. ^ Watrous, "Lonnie Mack in a Melange of Guitar Styles", New York Times, September 18, 1988, at http://www.nytimes.com/1988/09/18/arts/review-rock-lonnie-mack-in-a-melange-of-guitar-styles.html
  34. ^ McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 174.
  35. ^ Alec Dubro, Rolling Stone magazine (retrospective review of Mack's first album, The Wham of that Memphis Man [1964]), March 23, 1968.
  36. ^ The Fraternity of Wham" (http://rubbercityreview.com/2013/08/the-fraternity-of-wham/
  37. ^ Billboard's "Chart History" list for Mack at http://www.billboard.com/artist/307816/lonnie-mack/chart.
  38. ^ Alec Dubro, review of The Wham of that Memphis Man, Rolling Stone, November 23, 1968.
  39. ^ Mack's three Elektra albums were Glad I'm in the Band (1969), Whatever's Right (1969) and The Hills of Indiana (1971). These were eclectic collections of country and soul ballads, blues tunes, and updated versions of earlier recordings. Both 1969 albums emphasized Mack's vocals and de-emphasized his guitar work. They were modest commercial successes. Mack's final Elektra effort, The Hills of Indiana, was a country album recorded in Nashville, which attracted little attention. In 1970, Elektra also reissued Mack's Fraternity debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man!, with two bonus tracks from 1964, calling it "For Collectors Only".
  40. ^ Deccio, "Lonnie Mack Dead", April 24, 2016, http://www.inquisitr.com/3029420/lonnie-mack-dead-guitarist-and-vocalist-who-pioneered-blues-rock-dies-at-74/
  41. ^ Poster for Mack's six-day run at the Fillmore West in July 1969 at http://www.classicposters.com/Johnny_Winter/poster/Bill_Graham/180
  42. ^ Poster of Mack's Cow Palace appearance with the Doors and Elvin Bishop at http://www.classicposters.com/Lonnie_Mack.
  43. ^ Mack's reference to appearing with C, S &N at the Fillmore East in his 1985 Carnegie Hall interview at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=CHAcMm8pxvo
  44. ^ John Morthland, "Lonnie Mack", Output, March 1984
  45. ^ Elektra producer Russ Miller, in Holzman, Follow the Music, First Media, 1998, p. 367.
  46. ^ Lyrics to Mack's tune, "A Long Way From Memphis" (1985) ("L.A. made me sick")
  47. ^ Lyrics to Mack's tune, "Country" (1976): "I don't care what you think of me, I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country. Had a fancy job out in Hollywood, everybody said I was doin' good. Had lots of money and opportunities, but I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country."
  48. ^ "Weekend: GO FREETIME! - Cincinnati's ultimate guide to entertainment!". 2.cincinnati.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  49. ^ Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back on the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 59-60
  50. ^ Holman interview on the broadcast "Lonnie Mack Special", July 16, 2011, at http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0.
  51. ^ See credits under"track listings"/"show track credits" for Hey Dixie at https://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/dobie-gray/hey-dixie/
  52. ^ July, 1985 photo of Richards and the Wood backing Mack's performance at New York's Lone Star Cafe at https://www.iorr.org/talk/read.php?1,2317009
  53. ^ Review of Mack's appearance at the Lone Star, NY Times, Sunday, July 14. 1985.
  54. ^ Lonnie Mack - Satisfy Susie on YouTube
  55. ^ Lonnie Mack Stop on YouTube
  56. ^ Lonnie Mack, Albert Collins & Roy Buchanan on YouTube
  57. ^ 1963 Stewart Colman, liner notes to album "From Nashville to Memphis", March 2001
  58. ^ a b "We Lost Another Guitar Hero on April 21--Lonnie Mack Passes at 74". GuitarPlayer.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  59. ^ Richard T. Pinnell, Ph. D., "Lonnie Mack's Version of Chuck Berry's 'Memphis' -- An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental", Guitar Player Magazine, May 1979, p. 41|quote="An extended guitar solo exploiting the entire range of the instrument rings in the climax of the song in the fifth section. Lonnie Mack begins this portion by quoting several measures of the riff one octave higher than before. From there, he breaks into his choicest licks, including double-picking and pulling-off techniques -- all with driving, complicated rhythms and technical precision"
  60. ^ "Lonnie Mack Special", http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0
  61. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 163. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  62. ^ "Swampland:Lonnie Mack". www.swampland.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  63. ^ "Remembering Lonnie Mack and his visits to Pike - Milford PA - Letters to the Editor". Pikecountycourier.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  64. ^ Russ Miller, liner notes to album For Collectors Only, Elektra EKS-74077, 1970 and "From Nashville to Memphis" Ace CDCHD807
  65. ^ "Mack Discography". Koti.mbnet.fi. Retrieved 2011. 
  66. ^ Pinnell, Richard T. (May 1979). "Lonnie Mack's 'Memphis': An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental". Guitar Player. p. 40. 
  67. ^ Gettleman, Orlando Sentinel, "Guitar Hero Lonnie Mack", as reprinted in Salt Lake Tribune, August 3-4, 1993, p. 3
  68. ^ Geoff Herbert, "Lonnie Mack dead: Blues guitar great dies at 74, Joe Bonamassa says", April 22, 2016 at http://www.syracuse.com/celebrity-news/index.ssf/2016/04/lonnie_mack_dead_blues_guitarist_joe_bonamassa.html
  69. ^ Santoro, "Double-Whammy", Guitar World, January 1986, p. 34
  70. ^ "Landmark Recordings", Guitar World, July 1980, as republished in Guitar World, July 1990, p. 97
  71. ^ Eskow, "The Death of Prince and the Death of Lonnie Mack", Counterpunch.org, May 3, 2016, at http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/05/03/the-death-of-prince-and-the-death-of-lonnie-mack/
  72. ^ Nager, "Guitar Greatness", Cincinnati Enqirer, March 13, 1998, as reproduced at http://www2.cincinnati.com/freetime/weekend/031398_weekend.html
  73. ^ Joseph, "Before the Flood", Guitar World Magazine, September 1983
  74. ^ "The Lost Stevie Ray Vaughan Interview" at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=hhffhhnibQY
  75. ^ Stevie Ray Vaughan interview, http://www.popflock.com/video?id=GImi3eGVbSI, at counter 17:36
  76. ^ SRV Live at the Mocambo, track 13, Sony, 1991
  77. ^ Patoski, "SRV: Caught in the Crossfire", 1993, Backbeat: 15-16
  78. ^ Menn, Secrets From The Masters, Miller-Freeman, Inc, 1992, p. 278, ISBN 0-87930-260-7
  79. ^ SRV interview at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=GcrkPrxj698
  80. ^ Miller, "Jeff Beck's Guitar Magic Conquers Boston's Orpheum Theater", The Patriot Ledger on-line, April 20, 2015 at http://www.patriotledger.com/article/20150420/blogs/304209997
  81. ^ Drozdowski, "Lonnie Mack - 1941-2016", Premier Guitar on-line, April 25, 2016, at https://www.premierguitar.com/articles/24115-lonnie-mack--
  82. ^ Beck's 2015 performance at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=e7I4x4rAqeY
  83. ^ Skydog: Book, "The Duane Allman Story", pp. 10-11, Backbeat, 2006
  84. ^ http://frayerproductions.com/dantoler/story.html
  85. ^ http://www.rockeyez.com/live_reviews/Southern_Rock/liverev-southernrock-08-11-07.html
  86. ^ Ben Sandmel, "The Allman Brothers: Live at the Clifton Garage 1970" at http://www.spectratechltd.com/extrapages/Allman%20Brothers%20-%20Live%20at%20Ludlow%20Garage%20CD%20-%20cover%20&%20notes.pdf
  87. ^ Betts interview at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=Ij-LTAFB9o8. This is an excerpt from the VHS/DVD "Further on Down the Road" (1985) of Mack's Carnegie Hall performance with Albert Collins and Roy Buchanan.
  88. ^ http://www.warrenhaynes.net/news/detail/warren_haynes_reflects_on_lonnie_mack)
  89. ^ Benson interview, VHS-DVD, "Further On Down the Road", Flying V, 1985
  90. ^ Interview with Bootsy Collins, http://www.popflock.com/video?id=US1658nBJow)
  91. ^ This frontman for King Crimson, David Bowie and Frank Zappa was a Mack fan in his formative years and reportedly credited Mack with a "profound impact" on his own playing. "On April 21 the entire world mourned the sad loss of Prince. Few people realise on the very same day we lost another legendary guitarist. His name was Lonnie Mack and he was a friend of mine. Lonnie was 74 and had spent a hard life in music - a good-hearted country boy who would rather go fishing than be a star. But he was known and revered by musicians like Keith Richards and Stevie Ray Vaughan for his searing guitar sound, a Gibson Flying V through a cranked Magnatone amp. I remember being 17 years old listening to Lonnie outside a bar in Covington, Kentucky. I was too young to get in. At that time I had just started playing guitar and the intensity of Lonnie's guitar sound caught me by surprise. [In 1985] Paul Simon and I went to the Lone Star Cafe to see Lonnie play. Paul introduced me to Bob Dylan hiding in the balcony stairwell - and also in the balcony that evening were Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. After the show, Paul and I went backstage - there sat Lonnie with Keith and Mick. In his southern drawl he was extolling the virtues of fishing in Indiana where he lived. He turned and saw me, interrupted his own story, and said, 'Hey Adrin. Still playin' with that King Crizmun?' Rest in peace my friend." (Munro, "Ex King Crimson Man Belew Pays Tribute to Lonnie Mack", April 29, 2016, at http://teamrock.com/news/2016-04-29/ex-king-crimson-man-belew-pays-tribute-to-lonnie-mack)
  92. ^ Nugent considers Mack one of the "eleven greatest guitarists of all time" (Nugent interview at http://www.musicradar.com/news/guitars/ted-nugent-picks-the-11-greatest-guitarists-of-all-time-533304.) and lists "Wham!" as one of his ten favorite tunes (DiPasquale, "Inside the Artist's IPod", November 14, 2002, Chicago Tribune on-line at http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2002-11-14/news/0211140520_1_detroit-wheels-rolling-stones-ted-nugent). When Nugent hosted a BBC music broadcast, the first two tunes he played were Mack instrumentals. ("Wham by Lonnie Mack", God'sJukebox.com, at http://www.godsjukebox.com/Bomberboy/lonnie-mack-wham/)
  93. ^ This teen-aged guitar prodigy and 2016 Guitar Gods Festival contestant (see "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved 2016. ) stated, "He is one of my favorite guitar players. His playing was real unique and his song-writing ability was incredible. Rest in peace, Lonnie. Your music continues to influence me."(Tyler Morris video, at http://www.popflock.com/video?id=cy-Yr9PrJ08).
  94. ^ Mack was proud of his influence on the development of rock guitar. "It's a great honor to be able to [inspire other artists]. What you do in this business, your whole thing is givin' stuff away. But that makes you feel good, makes you feel like you've really done something." Nager, "Guitar Greatness: Lonnie Mack's style is heard 'round the world", Cincinnati Enquirer online "Freetime" section, March 13, 1998 at http://www2.cincinnati.com/freetime/weekend/031398_weekend.html.
  95. ^ John Soeder, The Plain Dealer. "Guitar stars pay tribute to Les Paul in Cleveland concert". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  96. ^ Kreps, "Lonnie Mack, Blues-Rock Guitar Great, Dead at 74", Rolling Stone magazine on-line, April 23, 2016, at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/lonnie-mack-blues-rock-guitar-great-dead-at-74-20160423)
  97. ^ See, account of Alligator Records' founder Bruce Iglauer in Vitale, "RIP Lonnie Mack", WTTW Chicago Tonight, April 22, 2017 at http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2016/04/22/rip-lonnie-mack.)
  98. ^ Mack had often told friends of a lifelong recurring dream, set near his childhood homes, in which his body "flew effortlessly across the Ohio River."(See article at http://cannoncourier.com/the-passing-of-lonnie-mack-cms-15119.) He was laid to rest on a hillside overlooking the river, near the scenes of his youth, in Aurora, Indiana. (See, "Lonnie Mack Services, Burial In Hometown This Week", at http://eaglecountryonline.com/local-article/lonnie- mack-services-burial-in-hometown-this-week/). EagleCountryOnline.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.)
  99. ^ Citadel Publishing, 1992)
  100. ^ Meiners, Larry [2001-03-01], Flying V: The Illustrated History of the Modernistic Guitar, Flying Vintage Publishing, p. 13.
  101. ^ Larry Nager, Cincinnati Enquirer, "Lonnie Mack Wins Lifetime Achievement Cammy", March 15, 1998
  102. ^ "Security Check Required". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  103. ^ "Guitar Hall of Fame". Guitarhalloffame.com. Retrieved 2017. 
  104. ^ http://www.lonniemack.com/cammy.html
  105. ^ "List of Hall of Famers". Rockabillyhall.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  106. ^ "Full Inductee List". Widmarcs.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  107. ^ "The Guitar Collection". Theguitarcollectionbook.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved 2011. 

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