Lu People
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Lu People
Ngi L? ? Lai Châu.jpg
Total population
Regions with significant populations
China (Xishuangbanna), Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Thailand (Northern Thailand), and Vietnam (Lai Châu Province)
 China280,000 (2000) classified as Dai
 Laos123,054 (2005) classified as Leu[1]
 Thailand83,000 (2001) classified as Thai Lue
 Burma60,000 (2013) classified as Shan
 Vietnam5,601 (2009) classified as L?[2]
 United States4,000 (1998)[3]
Tai Lü, Chinese, Laotian, Thai, Northern Thai and Vietnamese
Theravada Buddhism

The Tai Lü people (Chinese: D?i lè, Lao: L?̄, Thai: RTGSThai Lue, Vietnamese: Ngi L?) are an ethnic group of China, Laos, Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam. They speak a Southwestern Tai language.


In Vietnam, most Lu live in Lai Châu Province, and their population was 5,601 in 2009. In China, they are officially recognized as part of the Dai ethnic group. The 2000 census counted about 280,000 Dai people speaking Lü language. The population in Thailand, where they are called Thai Lue (Thai: ), was in 2001 estimated to be approximately 83,000.[4] Most Thai Lue in Thailand live in Nan, Chiang Rai, Phayao and Chiang Mai Province.

In Vietnam, Lu are the indigenous people in Mng Thanh ("Land of the God of Tai people", Tai Lü: muong theng). They had built Tam V?n wall in Mng Thanh and managed there for 19 generations before Hoàng Công Ch?t, a Thái leader, came. Nowadays, nearly all Vietnamese Lu live in Lai Châu Province. The Lu take their father's last name and have the middle name B? (for males) and Ý (for females). Their religion is Theravada Buddhism. They sing kh?p l? and play pí me luk ("mother-children" flute).

Tai Lü Kingdom



  1. ^ "Lao population census, Table 1.6" (PDF). 2005. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-13. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ Tai Lue,
  4. ^ Johnstone and Mandryk 2001; cited in "Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Online version" (18th ed.). SIL International.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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