Aéroport de Luxembourg
|Operator||Société de l'aéroport de Luxembourg S.A. lux-Airport|
|Elevation AMSL||1,234 ft / 376 m|
Luxembourg Airport (IATA: LUX, ICAO: ELLX) is the main airport in Luxembourg. Previously called Luxembourg Findel Airport due to its location at Findel, it is Luxembourg's only international airport and is the only airport in the country with a paved runway. It is located 3.25 NM (6.02 km; 3.74 mi) east of Luxembourg City. In 2018, it handled 4.04 million passengers. By cargo tonnage, LUX/ELLX ranked as Europe's fifth-busiest and the world's 28th-busiest in 2010. Luxair, Luxembourg's international airline, and cargo airline Cargolux have their head offices on the airport property.
Neutral Luxembourg was invaded by Germany on 10 May 1940, and on 21 May the Luftwaffe assigned Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53), a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter unit, to the airport. JG 53 was engaged in combat against the French and British Expeditionary Force in France during the Battle of France in May and June. In addition, Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52) operated Bf 109s from Sandweiler during the Blitzkrieg. JG 52 moved into France on 29 May but JG 53 remained in Luxembourg until 18 August when it moved closer to the English Channel to take part in the Battle of Britain.
Sandweiler Airport then remained unused by the Luftwaffe until September 1944, when Aufklärungsgruppe 123 (AKG 123), a reconnaissance unit which flew the Henschel Hs 126, a two-seat reconnaissance and observation aircraft, was assigned to the airport. AKG 123 moved east into Germany after only a few days when the United States Army moved through Luxembourg and cleared the country of the occupying German forces.
United States Army combat engineers arrived at Sandweiler in mid September 1944 and performed some minor reconstruction to prepare the airfield for Ninth Air Force combat aircraft. The airfield was designated as Advanced Landing Ground "A-97" Sandweiler and was opened on 18 September. The Ninth Air Force 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group operated a variety of photo-reconnaissance aircraft until 29 October 1944 when they also moved east into Germany.
Sandweiler Airport was used by the Americans for the rest of the war as a transport supply airfield and also to evacuate combat casualties to the UK. It was returned to Luxembourgish control on 15 August 1945.
Luxembourg Airport has constructed a high-security zone far away from most airport activities in order to attract the business of transporting valuable goods such as art and jewels. According to Hiscox, there is a "massive demand" for such a hub for precious cargo. Planes taxi away from main airport facilities before loading.
Built in 1975, the building was the only terminal of the airport for 30 years, until terminal B opened in 2004. The terminal was getting overcrowded especially during the summer period, and only contained two or three shops. The terminal started to be demolished at the end of 2011 and was complete by March 2012; this was in order to make way for a footbridge connecting terminal B to the new terminal A. Construction of the new Terminal A started in 2005 and it was inaugurated in May 2008.
Terminal B opened in 2004, the building is unique as it only has gates and no check-in counters or arrivals hall. It was built for small planes with a maximum capacity of 50 people. It can handle up to 600,000 passengers a year. The Terminal reopened in the summer of 2017 after some arrangements to handle aircraft with a capacity of up to 80 passengers. It is mainly used by Luxair's Q400 fleet.
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Luxembourg Airport:
|easyJet||Berlin-Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Porto|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin|
|Luxair|| Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Copenhagen, Djerba, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Faro, Florence (begins 30 March 2020),Funchal, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London-City, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, Montpellier (begins 1 April 2020),Munich, Nantes (begins 30 March 2020),Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Saarbrücken, Tenerife-South, Vienna |
Seasonal: Agadir, Ajaccio, Almería, Antalya, Bari, Bastia, Biarritz, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Bra?, Brindisi (begins 5 April 2020),Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Enfidha, Figari, Heraklion, Hurghada,Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Malta, Marsa Alam,Menorca, Naples, Palermo, Prague, Ras Al Khaimah, Rhodes, Rimini, Sal, Split, Varna, Venice, Zadar
|Ryanair||Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin-Tegel, Budapest, Dublin, Edinburgh, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Malta, Porto, Seville, Toulouse |
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon, Porto|
|Volotea||Seasonal: Alicante (begins 4 April 2020),Marseille, Nice, Venice (begins 2 April 2020)|
|Cargolux||Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Aguadilla, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bahrain, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Bogotá, Brazzaville, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Campinas-Viracopos, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cotopaxi, Columbus-Rickenbacker, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Dammam, Doha, Dubai-International, Fortaleza, Guadalajara, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo, Karachi, Kinshasa, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur-International, Kuwait, Lagos, Latacunga, Libreville, London-Stansted, Los Angeles, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Maastricht, Manaus, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Muscat, N'Djamena, Nagoya-Centrair, Nairobi-Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Petrolina, Prestwick, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, San Juan, Santiago de Chile, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Tbilisi, Vienna, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou|
|Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Ho Chi Minh City, Prague, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|Atlanta, Doha, Houston-Intercontinental, Mexico City, Oslo-Gardermoen, Pittsburgh, Toronto-Pearson|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
Media related to Luxembourg-Findel International Airport at Wikimedia Commons