|Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department|
|Formed||January 1, 1998|
|Operations jurisdiction||New York City, New York, USA|
|Legal jurisdiction||New York and Connecticut|
|Parent agency||Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department (MTAPD) is the law enforcement agency of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority. MTA Police Officers are fully empowered under the New York State Public Authorities Law and are commissioned in the state of Connecticut. Their geographic area of employment extends to all counties in New York served by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, giving the MTA Police the ability to exercise full police authority within the counties of Dutchess, Putnam, Orange, Rockland, Westchester, Nassau, Suffolk, and in New York City.
The MTA Police Department is not responsible for the New York City Subway. The subways are patrolled by the NYPD Transit Bureau under contract since 1994, with assistance from 500 MTAPD officers which have been stationed in transit since 2019 to address farebeating and homelessness.
The department was formed on January 1, 1998, with the consolidation of the Long Island Rail Road Police Department and the Metro-North Railroad Police Department. Since 9/11, the department has expanded in size and has ramped up dramatically its counter-terrorism capabilities, adding canine teams and emergency services officers. There are 1 lieutenant, 4 sergeants, and 44 police officers who are assigned to the K-9 Unit and serve as handlers with their canine partners. The department now has one of the best trained K-9 units in the United States. At a national competition in 2013, two MTA Police dogs took third and fourth place in explosives detection.
Currently, training for new recruits used to be conducted at the New York City Police Academy. After successfully completing the academy curriculum; officers are further trained in Connecticut law and law enforcement procedures. MTAPD recruits will now be utilizing the Nassau County Police Academy.
On June 1, 2005, the Staten Island Rapid Transit Police Department, with 25 officers, was merged into the MTA Police Department. The Staten Island Rapid Transit Police Department was responsible for policing the Staten Island Rapid Transit System (SIRT) in the Staten Island borough of New York City. This was the final step in consolidating MTA agency law enforcement, and increased the total workforce of the department to 716, including civilians.
On September 12, 2019, the MTA announced the addition of 500 MTAPD officers to patrol the New York City Subway, nearly doubling the 783 officers previously employed by the MTAPD. This came shortly after Governor Andrew Cuomo directed the MTA to solve the issue of homelessness in the subway system. After criticism of multiple high-profile arrests, multiple MTA board members expressed concerns over the added police presence, citing racial discrepancies in enforcement and the high cost of personnel, estimated at $249 million over four years.
The following is a list of all of the ranks of the MTA Police Department:
|Title||Insignia||Uniform Shirt Color|
|Chief of Police||White|
|Chief of Operations||White|
|Assistant Deputy Chief||White|
|Sergeant/Detective Sergeant||Dark Blue|
|Police Officer/Detective||Dark Blue|
Rank insignia for Sergeant and Detective Sergeant (when in uniform) is worn on the upper sleeves of the shirt and jacket while rank insignia for Lieutenant through Chief of Department is worn on the collars of the shirt and the shoulders of the jacket.
|5||Grand Central Terminal|
|10||East Side Access|
The department has the following specialized units (details):
The two departments began the task of merging the departments immediately and on January 1, 1998 the two departments officially became the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department.
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police Department is the police agency of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Officers of the MTAPD are fully empowered under the New York State Public Authorities Law and are commissioned in the state of Connecticut.