This Poor translation from Portuguese results in bad information needs attention from an expert in China.October 2016)(
|Maintenance of National Security Law (?)|
Emblem of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
|Legislative Assembly of Macau|
|Citation||Law 2 of 2009|
|Enacted by||Legislative Assembly of Macau|
|Passed||25 February, 2009|
|Signed||26 February, 2009|
|Signed by||Edmund Ho Hau Wah|
|Commenced||2 March, 2009|
|Effective||3 March, 2009|
|Status: In force|
|Macau national security law|
|Literal meaning||Protecting national security law|
|Portuguese||Lei relativa à defesa da segurança do Estado|
The Macau's national security law (Chinese: ?, Portuguese: Lei relativa à defesa da segurança do Estado) is a law in Macau which prohibits and punishes acts of "treason, secession, and subversion" against the Central government, as well as "preparatory acts" leading to any of the three acts. Taken into effect on 3 March 2009, the purpose of the law is to fulfil Article 23 of the Macau Basic Law, the de facto constitution of the Macau Special Administration Region.
According to the Secretary for Administration and Justice Florinda da Rosa Silva Chan, drafting began in 2004, taking into account examples from Portugal and Italy. Until 1999, Macau was a colony of Portugal. The draft was released on 22 October 2008. It proposed to ban treason, attempts to overthrow the Chinese government and theft of national secrets. Some of the proposed offenses carry a maximum penalty of 25 years in jail.
Edmund Ho, Chief Executive of Macau, said in a press conference that the bill targets "serious criminal behavior" and will not limit protests or criticism of Beijing. He further said "Chanting a few slogans, writing a few articles criticizing the central government or the Macau government, these activities won't be regulated by this proposed law." Macau Legislator Au Kam-san said "We don't want to see any mainland style national security law. It would be acceptable to enact a law based on the Johannesburg Principles.
Political commentator Larry So Man-yum said the legislation would do well in Macau given residents' patriotism and their lack of awareness about civil rights. "There will be absolutely no problem. Compared to Hongkongers, Macau people have high levels of acceptance for the central government. No "Broomhead" will emerge in Macau." In 2003, Secretary for Security Regina Ip was nicknamed "Broomhead" for attempting to sell Article 23 in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong government on 22 October responded with having no plan to embark on the legislation, adding its most pressing commitments are economic and livelihood issues.