Madeira Airport
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Madeira Airport

Cristiano Ronaldo International Airport

Aeroporto Internacional da Cristiano Ronaldo
Airport Approach Madeira 2015.jpg
Approach to Madeira Airport, view of the supported half of the runway
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorANA - Aeroportos e Navegação Aérea, SA
ServesMadeira, Portugal
LocationSanta Cruz
Focus city forTAP Air Portugal
Elevation AMSL58 m / 190 ft
Coordinates32°41?39?N 16°46?41?W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806Coordinates: 32°41?39?N 16°46?41?W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806
Websiteana.pt
Map
LPMA is located in Madeira
LPMA
LPMA
Location in Portugal
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 2,781 9,124 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers3,179,378
Passengers change 17-18Decrease0.7%
Aircraft movements25,459
Movements change 17-18Decrease4.4%
Source: ANAC[2], Portuguese AIP

Cristiano Ronaldo International Airport, Madeira, commonly known as Madeira Airport (Portuguese: Aeroporto da Madeira) or Funchal Airport (Aeroporto do Funchal) or Saint Catherine Airport (Aeroporto de Santa Catarina) (IATA: FNC, ICAO: LPMA), is an international airport in the civil parish of Santa Cruz in the Portuguese archipelago and autonomous region of Madeira. The airport is located 13.2 km (8.2 mi) east-northeast of the regional capital, Funchal, after which it is sometimes informally named. It mostly hosts flights to European metropolitan destinations due to Madeira's importance as a leisure destination, and is pivotal in the movement of cargo in and out of the archipelago of Madeira. It is the fourth-busiest airport in Portugal. The airport is named after Madeiran football player Cristiano Ronaldo.

The airport is considered one of the most peculiarly perilous airports in the world[1] due to its location and its spectacular runway construction. It received the Outstanding Structure Award in 2004 by the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering.[2][3][4][5] The History Channel program Most Extreme Airports ranked it as the ninth most dangerous airport in the world and the third most dangerous in Europe.[6] Pilots must undergo additional training to land at the airport.[7]

Geography

Madeira Airport is a geographically unusual airport, as it is perched on a foreland jutting out to sea. At the end of runway 05, there lie hills and cliffs which make a direct ILS approach and landing unavailable. Instead aircraft have to do a visual approach which involves flying around the airport, then snaking around in a ~150° turn before lining up on a very short final approach. The airport's 05 end of the runway ends with a cliff with a motorway leading to the airport terminal below it. The runway 23 end of the runway is very interesting as it sits on a supported platform above ground as the ground below it is very far down. This time the approach path to runway 23 is more or less clear, meaning that ILS is available for approach.

History

Madeira airport as seen in 1990, pre-runway extension

Madeira Airport was officially opened on 7 July 1964, with two 1,600 m (5,200 ft; 1.6 km; 0.99 mi) runways. The first flight to land there was a TAP Air Portugal Lockheed Constellation with 80 passengers on board.[8]

In 1972, the popularity of visiting the island of Madeira increased, so the runway was extended to allow modern and larger aircraft to land. Considered the Kai Tak of Europe because of its singular approach to runway 05,[9] the decision was made to extend the existing runway instead of building a new one. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,900 ft; 1.8 km; 1.1 mi), with the extension inaugurated on 1 February 1986 by then president of the Portuguese Republic António Ramalho Eanes. In the meantime, a new terminal was built at the airport in 1973, handling 500,000 passengers.[]

However, as demand for tourism continued to grow, the runway was extended further. The newly extended runway--now 2,781 m (9,124 ft; 2.781 km; 1.728 mi) long--and terminal were inaugurated on 6 October 2002, and to mark the occasion, an Air Atlanta Icelandic Boeing 747-200, registration TF-ABA, landed at the airport.[10] Although this was a rare event, some TAP Air Portugal flights on the Lisbon-Caracas-Lisbon route used to have scheduled stops at Madeira with Airbus A330-200 widebody aircraft.

Name change

In 2016, it was announced that the airport would be renamed Madeira International Airport Cristiano Ronaldo (Aeroporto Internacional da Madeira Cristiano Ronaldo) in honour of Madeira native football player Cristiano Ronaldo.[11][12][13] The rebranded terminal was unveiled on 29 March 2017, with a bust of Ronaldo also being presented.[14]

Neither the bust nor the name change were unanimous, actually far from a consensus, as the former was ridiculed by Saturday Night Live's character Cecilia Giminez, portrayed by comedian and actress Kate McKinnon,[15] with the latter being subject to much debate and controversy locally by politicians and citizens, who even started a petition against the move.[16][17]

A year later, sports web site Bleacher Report commissioned sculptor Emanuel Santos to create another bust.[18] However, this bust was never used; instead a new one was made by a Spanish sculptor, shown to the public on 15 June 2018.[19]

Facilities

Madeira Airport Runway
View of the airport from Machico
Partial view of the airport's main building
Main check-in desks hall
Under the airport runway
Other perspective, under the airport runway, which is crossed by the Island's main road

Runway

The airport was once infamous for its short runway, which, surrounded by high mountains and the ocean, made it a difficult and technically demanding landing for even the most experienced pilots. Because of the ~150° right-hand turn required, the airport has acquired the nickname of "Kai Tak Airport of Europe" - a reference to the former airport of Hong Kong that also needed a right-hand turn to line up for a landing very low and close to the runway. Between 1982 and 1986, Madeira's runway was extended by 200 m (656 ft) to a total of 1,800 m (5,906 ft), and four gates were opened. The original runway was only 1,600 m (5,249 ft) long, but was extended by 200 m (656 ft) eight years after the TAP Air Portugal Flight 425 crash of 1977.

In 2000, the runway was again extended, this time to 2,781 m (9,124 ft). As landfill was not a realistic option, the extension was built on a platform, partly over the ocean, supported by 180 columns, each about 70 m (230 ft) tall. The runway extension was conducted by the Brazilian construction company Andrade Gutierrez and is recognized worldwide as one of the most difficult to achieve due to the type of terrain and orography.

Its innovative solution allowed Funchal to receive the Outstanding Structure Award in 2004 by the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering,[2] which aims at recognizing the most remarkable, innovative, creative, or otherwise stimulating structure completed within the last few years.[3][4][5]

Terminal

The airport has a single terminal, which opened in 1973. The terminal has 40 check-in desks, 16 boarding gates, and 7 baggage belts. There are no air-bridges, so passengers either walk the short distance to the terminal or are taken by shuttle bus. The terminal itself is mostly underground.

Modernisation

In 2016, Madeira Airport was modernised and renovated by its operator, ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, as part of an EUR11 million investment. The renovated terminal area, which was opened in June 2016, by the President of the Autonomous Regional Government of Madeira, Miguel Albuquerque, improved the existing facility and facilitated the creation of a brand new shopping area, doubling the airport's overall capacity.

According to VINCI Airports, the airport will "have the capacity to deal with up to 1,400 passengers per hour", and the airport's overall new layout has been designed to enable to accommodation of new stores for national and international brands alike.[20]

The passenger screening area, under the command of Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, increased from 7,000 sq ft (650m²) to 16,000 sq ft (1,500m²), accommodating an increase in the number of security screening lines, while the passenger holding and verification area increased from 300m² to 650m². The new layout has simplified the passenger experience, creating defined areas for the Schengen Area (which the Autonomous Region of Madeira is part of) and non-Schengen Area passengers, and given the airport operator the ability to alternate these areas based on flight schedules. A new transfer hall and three new departure gates were also created as part of the project.[21]

The renovation and investment project also accommodated the strengthening and re-profiling of the runway and taxiways, increasing the usable area by more than 16,000 sq ft (1,500 m²).

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Swiftair Lisbon[25]

Statistics

Busiest routes from Madeira Airport (2010)[26]
Rank Country City Passengers Carriers
1  Portugal Lisbon 865,994 EasyJet, TAP Air Portugal
2  United Kingdom London 227,096 British Airways, EasyJet, Jet2.com, TUI Airways
3  Portugal Porto 218,992 TAP Air Portugal, Transavia
4  United Kingdom Manchester 59,367 EasyJet, Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
5  Portugal Porto Santo 47,684 Aero Vip
6  Netherlands Amsterdam 44,270 TUI Airlines Netherlands, Transavia
7  France Paris 41,794 Aigle Azur, Europe Airpost, SATA Internacional, Transavia France
8  Finland Helsinki 39,284 Finnair, Thomas Cook Scandinavia
9  United Kingdom Bristol 38,201 EasyJet

Accidents and incidents

  • On 5 March 1973, an Aviaco Sud Caravelle 10R (registration EC-BID) crashed into the sea during the landing approach, losing the aircraft and three crew.[27]
  • On 19 November 1977, TAP Air Portugal Flight 425, a Boeing 727-200 (registration CS-TBR), was traveling from Brussels to Madeira via Lisbon. After a go-around, the aircraft attempted to land in poor weather conditions. It landed long on runway 24 (now runway 23) and plunged over a steep bank. It then struck a stone bridge, and the right wing was torn off, and then it crashed hard onto a beach. A fire broke out, setting the aircraft alight. Out of the 164 on board, 131 lost their lives.[28]
  • On 18 December 1977, SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730, a Sud Caravelle 10R (registration HB-ICK), was cleared for approach on runway 06 (now runway 05), but descended below 720 ft (220 m), causing the aircraft to crash into the sea. 36 people died of the 57 on board.[29]

References

  1. ^ "The world's scariest airport landings: videos". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 18 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Funchal Airport Extension, Madeira Island, Portugal". Iabse.org. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b Advanced Solutions International, Inc. "OStrA". Iabse.org. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b "The Outstanding Structure Award". Iabse.ethz.ch. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Outstanding Structure Award". Ordemengenheiros.pt.
  6. ^ The Most Extreme Airports (video). The History Channel. 26 August 2010.
  7. ^ "Madeira Special Approach Familiarization (Traditional Classroom & Simulator) - FlightSafety International". elearning.flightsafety.com. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ Madeira Airport's history, by RTP Madeira, in Portuguese, (video), 07.04.2020
  9. ^ "Welcome listphobia.com - BlueHost.com". listphobia.com. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "Old Memories - 747 in Madeira - Rui Sousa, Looking through the glass". Photoblog.com.
  11. ^ "Madeira airport to be named after Cristiano Ronaldo". FourFourTwo. FourFourTwo. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ "Madeira airport renamed after Cristiano Ronaldo". The World Game. Special Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Nome do Aeroporto Cristiano Ronaldo cria mal-estar entre governos do Funchal e Lisboa". Publico.pt. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Berenguer, Márcio. "Nome do Aeroporto Cristiano Ronaldo cria mal-estar entre governos do Funchal e Lisboa". Publico.pt. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ Saturday Night Live (9 April 2017). "Weekend Update: Cecilia Gimenez on Cristiano Ronaldo Bust - SNL". Retrieved 2018 – via YouTube.
  16. ^ "Madeira airport preparing to be renamed after Cristiano Ronaldo". Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "Cristiano Ronaldo airport rename critics slammed by Madeira president". Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Ronaldo statue: Sculptor Emanuel Santos takes another shot at bust". BBC News. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ "Aeroporto da Madeira tem novo busto de Cristiano Ronaldo". Diário de Notícias Madeira. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ "VINCI Airports - Madeira Airport invests EUR11 million in its new shopping galleria". Vinci-airports.com. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "Madeira International Airport Modernisation, Madeira Island - Airport Technology". 17 June 2016. Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ "Bilety czarterowe - tanie bilety lotnicze | Biuro podró?y TUI".
  23. ^ "Find a Flight | oneworld". www.oneworld.com.
  24. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Jet2 plans Birmingham - Funchal Oct 2017 launch". Routesonline.com. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  25. ^ Swiftair with daily flights to Madeira from this week, Jornal Económico, Madeira Edition, in Portuguese, 04.03.2020
  26. ^ [1][dead link]
  27. ^ EC-BID at the Aviation Safety Network
  28. ^ CS-TBR at the Aviation Safety Network
  29. ^ HB-ICK at the Aviation Safety Network

External links

Media related to Madeira Airport at Wikimedia Commons


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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