Maine's 1st Congressional District
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Maine's 1st Congressional District
Maine's 1st congressional district
Maine US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Maine's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 50.57% rural
  • 49.43% urban
Population (2017)683,279
Median income$64,599[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+8[2]

Maine's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Maine. The geographically smaller of the two congressional districts in the state, the district covers the southern coastal area of the state. The district consists of all of Cumberland, Knox, Lincoln, Sagadahoc and York counties and most of Kennebec County. Located within the district are the cities of Portland, Augusta, Brunswick and Saco.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Chellie Pingree.

History

Maine was initially a part of the state of Massachusetts. Massachusetts was allocated 20 districts after the 1810 U.S. Census. When Maine became a state in 1820, seven of those districts were credited to it. Since then, all but the 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts have become obsolete.

Current composition

Maine's 1st Congressional District consists of:

List of members representing the district

Member
(Residence)
Party Years ? Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
Joseph Dane
(Kennebunk)
Federalist March 4, 1821 -
March 3, 1823
17th Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
1821-1823
York County: Alfred, Arundel, Berwick, Biddeford, Elliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Lyman, Newfield, Saco, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterborough, Wells, York
William Burleigh
(South Berwick)
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Died.
1823-1833
York County: Alfred, Berwick, Biddeford, Buxton, Elliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kennebunk Port, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Lyman, Newfield, Parsonsfield, Saco, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterborough, Wells, York
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
July 2, 1827
Vacant July 2, 1827 -
September 10, 1827
20th
Rufus McIntire
(Parsonsfield)
Jacksonian September 10, 1827 -
March 3, 1835
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
Elected to finish Burleigh's term.
Re-elected in 1828.
[data unknown/missing]
1833-1843
[data unknown/missing]
JohnFairfield.jpg
John Fairfield
(Saco)
Democratic March 4, 1835 -
December 24, 1838
24th
25th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Governor of Maine.
Vacant December 24, 1838 -
March 3, 1839
25th
NClifford.jpg
Nathan Clifford
(Newfield)
Democratic March 4, 1839 -
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Joshua Herrick
(Brunswick)
Democratic March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1845
28th [data unknown/missing] 1843-1853
[data unknown/missing]
John Fairfield Scamman
(Wells)
Democratic March 4, 1845 -
March 3, 1847
29th [data unknown/missing]
David Hammons
(Cornish)
Democratic March 4, 1847 -
March 3, 1849
30th [data unknown/missing]
Elbridge Gerry (Maine Congressman).jpg
Elbridge Gerry
(Waterford)
Democratic March 4, 1849 -
March 3, 1851
31st [data unknown/missing]
Moses Macdonald
(Limerick)
Democratic March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1855
32nd
33rd
[data unknown/missing]
1853-1863
[data unknown/missing]
John M. Wood
(Portland)
Republican March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1859
34th
35th
[data unknown/missing]
DanielESomes.jpg
Daniel E. Somes
(Biddeford)
Republican March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
John Noble Goodwin.jpg
John N. Goodwin
(South Berwick)
Republican March 4, 1861 -
March 3, 1863
37th [data unknown/missing]
Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (Maine Congressman).jpg
Lorenzo De Medici Sweat
(Parsonsfield)
Democratic March 4, 1863 -
March 3, 1865
38th [data unknown/missing] 1863-1873
[data unknown/missing]
JLynch.jpg
John Lynch
(Portland)
Republican March 4, 1865 -
March 3, 1873
39th
40th
41st
42nd
[data unknown/missing]
JHBurleigh2.jpg
John H. Burleigh
(South Berwick)
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
[data unknown/missing] 1873-1883
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
(Portland)
Republican March 4, 1877 -
March 3, 1883
45th
46th
47th
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the at-large district.
At-large districts used. March 3, 1883 -
March 3, 1885
48th
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
(Portland)
Republican March 4, 1885 -
September 4, 1899
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Resigned to protest the Spanish-American War.
1885-1893
[data unknown/missing]
1893-1903
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant September 4, 1899 -
November 6, 1899
56th
Amos L. Allen (Maine Congressman).jpg
Amos L. Allen
(Waterboro)
Republican November 6, 1899 -
March 3, 1911
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Elected to finish Reed's term.
[data unknown/missing]
1903-1913
[data unknown/missing]
Asher Crosby Hinds, 1910.png
Asher C. Hinds
(Benton)
Republican March 4, 1911 -
March 3, 1917
62nd
63rd
64th
[data unknown/missing]
1913-1933
[data unknown/missing]
LouisBGoodall.jpg
Louis B. Goodall
(Sanford)
Republican March 4, 1917 -
March 3, 1921
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
CarrollLBeedy.jpg
Carroll L. Beedy
(Phillips)
Republican March 4, 1921 -
January 3, 1935
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
[data unknown/missing]
1933-1943
[data unknown/missing]
Simon M. Hamlin (Maine Congressman).jpg
Simon M. Hamlin
(Standish)
Democratic January 3, 1935 -
January 3, 1937
74th [data unknown/missing]
James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
James C. Oliver
(South Portland)
Republican January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
[data unknown/missing]
Robert S. Hale (Maine Congressman).jpg
Robert Hale
(Portland)
Republican January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1959
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
[data unknown/missing] 1943-1953
[data unknown/missing]
1953-1963
[data unknown/missing]
James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
James C. Oliver
(South Portland)
Democratic January 3, 1959 -
January 3, 1961
86th [data unknown/missing]
Peter A. Garland (Maine Congressman).jpg
Peter Garland
(Saco)
Republican January 3, 1961 -
January 3, 1963
87th [data unknown/missing]
Stanley R. Tupper (Maine Congressman).jpg
Stanley R. Tupper
(Boothbay Harbor)
Republican January 3, 1963 -
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
[data unknown/missing]
1963-1973
[data unknown/missing]
Peter Kyros.jpg
Peter N. Kyros
(Portland)
Democratic January 3, 1967 -
January 3, 1975
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
1973-1983
[data unknown/missing]
David F Emery.png
David F. Emery
(Rockland)
Republican January 3, 1975 -
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
John R. McKernan (Maine Governor).jpg
John R. McKernan Jr.
(Portland)
Republican January 3, 1983 -
January 3, 1987
98th
99th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for Governor of Maine.
1983-1993
[data unknown/missing]
JosephBrennan.jpg
Joseph E. Brennan
(Portland)
Democratic January 3, 1987[a] -
January 3, 1991
100th
101st
Elected in 1986.[a]
Retired to run for Governor of Maine.
Thomas Andrews 1991.jpeg
Thomas Andrews
(Brunswick)
Democratic January 3, 1991 -
January 3, 1995
102nd
103rd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1993-2003
[data unknown/missing]
Jimlongleyme.jpg
James B. Longley Jr.
(Lewiston)
Republican January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 1997
104th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Tom Allen 110th Congressional portrait.JPG
Tom Allen
(Portland)
Democratic January 3, 1997 -
January 3, 2009
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
2003-2013
ME 01.gif
Chellie Pingree.jpg
Chellie Pingree
(North Haven)
Democratic January 3, 2009 -
Present
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th.
Elected in 2008.
2013-Present
Maine US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif

Recent election results

1986 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph E. Brennan 121,848 53.16%
Republican H. Rollin Ives 100,260 43.74%
Labor for Maine Plato Truman 7,109 3.10%
Majority 21,588 9.42%
Turnout 229,217
Democratic gain from Republican
1988 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph E. Brennan (Incumbent) 167,623 60.11%
Republican Edward S. O'Meara 111,125 36.78%
Majority 79,864 26.44%
Turnout 278,748
Democratic hold
1990 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Andrews 167,623 60.11%
Republican David Emery 110,836 39.74%
write-ins 413 0.15%
Majority 56,787 20.36%
Turnout 278,872
Democratic hold
1992 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Andrews (Incumbent) 232,696 64.97%
Republican Linda Bean 125,236 34.97%
write-ins 216 0.06%
Majority 107,460 30.00%
Turnout 358,148
Democratic hold
1994 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James B. Longley, Jr. 136,316 51.88%
Democratic Dennis L. Dutremble 126,373 48.09%
write-ins 80 0.03%
Majority 9,943 3.78%
Turnout 262,769
Republican gain from Democratic
1996 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen 173,745 55.30%
Republican James B. Longley, Jr. (Incumbent) 140,354 44.68%
write-ins 65 0.02%
Majority 33,391 10.63%
Turnout 314,164
Democratic gain from Republican
1998 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen (Incumbent) 134,335 60.33%
Republican Ross J. Connelly 79,160 35.55%
Constitution Eric R. Greiner 9,182 4.12%
Majority 55,175 24.78%
Turnout 222,677
Democratic hold
2000 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen (Incumbent) 202,823 59.81%
Republican Jane A. Amero 123,915 36.54%
Libertarian J. Frederic Staples 12,356 3.64%
Majority 78,908 23.27%
Turnout 339,094
Democratic hold
2002 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 172,646 63.81%
Republican Steven Joyce 97,931 36.19%
Total votes 270,577 100.00%
Democratic hold
2004 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 219,077 59.74%
Republican Charles E. Summers 147,663 40.26%
Total votes 366,740 100.00%
Democratic hold
2006 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 170,949 60.84%
Republican Darlene J. Curley 88,009 31.32%
Independent Dexter Kamilewicz 22,029 7.84%
Total votes 280,987 100.00%
Democratic hold
2008 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree 205,629 54.90%
Republican Charles E. Summers 168,930 45.10%
Total votes 374,559 100.00%
Democratic hold
2010 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 169,114 56.82%
Republican Dean Scontras 128,501 43.17%
No party Others 42 0.01%
Total votes 297,657 100.00%
Democratic hold
2012 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 236,363 64.8
Republican Jonathan T. E. Courtney 128,440 35.1%
Total votes 364,803 100.0%
Democratic hold
2014 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 186,674 60.43%
Republican Isaac J. Misiuk 94,751 30.67%
Independent Richard P. Murphy 27,410 8.87%
Others 63 0.02%
Total votes 308,898 100%
Democratic hold
2016 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 227,546 57.99%
Republican Mark Holbrook 164,569 41.94%
Libertarian James J. Bouchard (Declared Write-In) 276 0.07%
Blank ballots 14,551 N/A
Total votes 406,942 100%
Democratic hold
2018 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 (RCV)[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 201,195 58.8%
Republican Mark Holbrook 111,188 32.5%
Independent Marty Grohman 29,670 8.7%
Total votes 342,053 100%
Democratic hold

The 2018 election was the first to use ranked-choice voting as opposed to plurality voting since the district's creation. However, since the leading candidate had a majority of first-choice votes, no distribution of preferences was conducted.

Recent election results from presidential races

Year Results
1972 Nixon 61 - 39%
1976 Ford 49 - 48%
1980 Reagan 45 - 42%
1984 Reagan 60 - 40%
1988 Bush 56 - 43%
1992 B Clinton 40 - 32%
1996 B Clinton 52 - 32%
2000 Gore 51 - 43%
2004 Kerry 55 - 43%
2008 Obama 61 - 38%
2012 Obama 60 - 38%
2016[9] H Clinton 54 - 39%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The service of member-elect Joseph E. Brennan began January 3, 1987[3] even though he was sworn in January 9, 1987[4] to finish his term as the outgoing Governor of Maine.

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=23&cd=01
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000798
  4. ^ Congressional record, 1987
  5. ^ "Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions, Elections Division". Main Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commission, Elections. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ "Maine General Election 2014". Maine Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Tabulations for Elections held in 2016". Maine Secretary of State. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ "Maine's 1st Congressional District election, 2018 Maine's 1st Congressional District election". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ 2016 Election Results The Press Herald

Bibliography

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Kentucky's 6th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 4, 1889 - March 3, 1891
Succeeded by
Georgia's 3rd congressional district
Preceded by
Georgia's 3rd congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 2, 1895 - March 3, 1899
Succeeded by
Iowa's 3rd congressional district

Coordinates: 43°49?50?N 69°56?27?W / 43.83056°N 69.94083°W / 43.83056; -69.94083


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