Mainstream Top 40
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Mainstream Top 40

The Mainstream Top 40 (also called Pop Songs on Billboard.com and sometimes referred to as Top 40/CHR) is a 40-song music chart published weekly by Billboard Magazine which ranks the most popular songs being played on a panel of Top 40 radio stations in the United States. The rankings are based on radio airplay detections as measured by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (Nielsen BDS), a subsidiary of the U.S.' leading marketing research company. Consumer researchers, Nielsen Audio (formerly Arbitron), refers to the format as contemporary hit radio (CHR).

History

The chart debuted in Billboard Magazine in its issued date October 3, 1992, with the introduction of two Top 40 airplay charts, Mainstream and Rhythm-Crossover. Both Top 40 charts measured "actual monitored airplay" from data compiled by Broadcast Data Systems (BDS). The Top 40/Mainstream chart was compiled from airplay on radio stations playing a wide variety of music, while the Top 40/Rhythm-Crossover chart was made up from airplay on stations playing more dance and R&B music.[1] Both charts were "born of then-new BDS electronic monitoring technology" as a more objective and precise way of measuring airplay on radio stations. This data was also used as the airplay component for Hot 100 tabulations.[1]

Top 40/Mainstream was published in the print edition of Billboard from its debut in October 1992 through May 1995, when both Top 40 charts were moved exclusively to Airplay Monitor, a secondary chart publication by Billboard. They returned to the print edition in the August 2, 2003, issue.[2]

Chart criteria

Songs on the chart are ranked by the total number of spins detected per week. Songs which gain plays or remain flat from the previous week will receive a bullet. A song will also receive a bullet if its percentage loss in plays does not exceed the percentage of monitored station downtime for the format. If two songs are tied in total plays, the song with the larger increase in plays is placed first.

There are forty positions on this chart and it is solely based on radio airplay. A number of Top 40 Mainstream radio stations are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, seven days a week by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. Songs are ranked by a calculation of the total number of spins per week with its "audience impression", which is based upon exact times of airplay and each station's Arbitron listener data.

Songs receiving the greatest growth will receive a "bullet", although there are tracks that will also get bullets if the loss in detections doesn't exceed the percentage of downtime from a monitored station. "Airpower" awards are issued to songs that appear on the top 20 of both the airplay and audience chart for the first time, while the "greatest gainer" award is given to song with the largest increase in detections. A song with six or more spins in its first week is awarded an "airplay add". If a song is tied for the most spins in the same week, the one with the biggest increase that previous week will rank higher, but if both songs show the same amount of spins regardless of detection the song that is being played at more stations is ranked higher.

Since the introduction of the chart until 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 26 weeks on the chart. In the chart week of December 3, 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 20 weeks on the chart. Since the issue dated December 4, 2010, songs older than 20 weeks on the chart are moved to recurrent after they drop below No. 15.

Whereas the Top 40 Mainstream and Pop 100 Airplay charts both measured the airplay of songs played on Mainstream stations playing pop-oriented music, the Pop 100 Airplay (like the Hot 100 Airplay) measured airplay based on statistical impressions, while the Top 40 Mainstream chart used the number of total detections.

All-time chart achievements

On October 19, 2017, the Mainstream Top 40 co-hosts, Gary Trust and Trevor Anderson, gave hints as to what the number 1 all-time Mainstream Top 40 song was going to be on the charts.[3] Later that day, the top 100 all-time songs and the top 50-all time artists were released, with the number 1 all-time song being revealed as "Another Night" by Real McCoy.[4] Shown below are the top 10 songs and the top 10 artists from each chart.

Top 10 Pop Songs of all time (1992-2017)

Rank Single Year released Artist(s) Peak and duration
1.
"Another Night"
1994
Real McCoy #1 for 6 weeks
2.
"Smooth"
1999
Santana featuring Rob Thomas #1 for 8 weeks
3.
"Hanging by a Moment"
2000
Lifehouse #2 for 12 weeks
4.
"Apologize"
2007
Timbaland featuring OneRepublic #1 for 8 weeks
5.
"How You Remind Me"
2001
Nickelback #1 for 10 weeks
6.
"Here Without You"
2003
3 Doors Down #1 for 6 weeks
7.
"Don't Speak"
1996
No Doubt #1 for 10 weeks
8.
"Iris"
1998
Goo Goo Dolls #1 for 4 weeks
9.
"Closer"
2016
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey #1 for 11 weeks
10.
"I Love You Always Forever"
1995
Donna Lewis #1 for 11 weeks

Source:[5]

Top 10 Pop Songs artists of all time (1992-2017)

Source:[6]

Song records

A blonde woman wearing a black dress performing
Mariah Carey shares the record with Taylor Swift for the highest debut with "Dreamlover" at #12
Taylor Swift shares the record with Mariah Carey for the highest debut with "Shake It Off" at #12

Highest debut

Debut
Position
Artist Song Debut Date
No. 12
Mariah Carey "Dreamlover" August 14, 1993
Taylor Swift "Shake It Off" September 6, 2014
No. 13
Taylor Swift featuring Kendrick Lamar "Bad Blood" June 6, 2015
No. 14
Lady Gaga "Born This Way" February 26, 2011
Justin Timberlake featuring Jay-Z "Suit & Tie" February 2, 2013
No. 16
Madonna "Frozen" March 7, 1998
Britney Spears "Hold It Against Me" January 29, 2011
No. 18
Taylor Swift "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" September 1, 2012
Maroon 5 "Maps" July 5, 2014

Most weeks at number one

Most weeks in the top 10

Number of
weeks
Artist Song Year(s) Source
28
Real McCoy "Another Night" 1994–95 [4]
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris" 1998 [4]
27
Lifehouse "Hanging by a Moment" 2001 [4]
26
No Doubt "Don't Speak" 1996–97 [4]
Savage Garden "Truly Madly Deeply" 1997–98 [4]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies" 2018–19 []
Halsey "Without Me" 2018–19 []
25
Post Malone "Better Now" 2018–19 []
Benny Blanco, Halsey, and Khalid "Eastside" 2018–19 []
24
Donna Lewis "I Love You Always Forever" 1996–97 [4]
Goo Goo Dolls "Slide" 1998–99 [4]
Santana featuring Rob Thomas "Smooth" 1999–00 [4]
3 Doors Down "Here Without You" 2003–04 [4]
Timbaland featuring OneRepublic "Apologize" 2007–08 [4]
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey "Closer" 2016–17 [4]
23
Goo Goo Dolls "Name" 1995–96 [4]
Ed Sheeran "Shape of You" 2017 [4]
Maroon 5 featuring Cardi B "Girls Like You" 2018 []
5 Seconds of Summer "Youngblood" 2018–19 []

Most weeks on the chart

Number of
weeks
Artist Song Year* Source
45
Dua Lipa "New Rules" 2018 [8]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies" 2019 [8]
Benny Blanco, Halsey, and Khalid "Eastside" 2019 [8]
42
Lauv "I Like Me Better" 2018 [8]
41
Edwin McCain "I'll Be" 1998 [8]
39
Real McCoy "Another Night" 1995 [8]
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris" 1999 [8]
"Slide" [8]
5 Seconds of Summer "Youngblood" 2019 [8]
38
Santana featuring Rob Thomas "Smooth" 2000 [9]
P!nk "U + Ur Hand" 2007 [9]
37
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low" 2018 [9]

Note: *-Year when the songs ended their respective chart runs.

Longest climbs to number one

The following songs took 20 or more weeks to reach number one.

Week reached
number one
Artist Song Year Source
31st week
Benny Blanco, Halsey and Khalid "Eastside" 2019 [10]
26th week
Alessia Cara "Here" 2016 [11]
25th week
CeeLo Green "Forget You" 2011 [11]
Demi Lovato "Give Your Heart a Break" 2012 [11]
24th week
Alessia Cara "Scars to Your Beautiful" 2017 [12][13]
Khalid and Normani "Love Lies" 2018 [14]
23rd week
P!nk "U + Ur Hand" 2007 [15]
Ellie Goulding "Lights" 2012 [16]
Shawn Mendes "Stitches" 2015 [17][18]
Post Malone "Wow" 2019 [19][20]
22nd week
Dua Lipa "New Rules" 2018 [21][22]
21st week
Jewel "You Were Meant for Me" 1997 [23][24]
Eagle-Eye Cherry "Save Tonight" 1999 [25][26]
20th week
Niall Horan "Slow Hands" 2017 [27][28]
Camila Cabello "Never Be the Same" 2018 [29]
Bazzi "Mine" [30][31]

Longest climbs to the top 10

The following songs took 25 or more weeks to reach the top 10.

Week reached
top 10
Artist Song Year Source
35th week
Lauv "I Like Me Better" 2018 [32]
31st week
Edwin McCain "I'll Be" 1998 [32]
27th week
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low" 2018 [32]
25th week
MKTO "Classic" 2014 [32]
Daya "Sit Still, Look Pretty" 2016 [32]
Jon Bellion "All Time Low" 2017 [32]

Artist records

Rihanna shares the record with Katy Perry for the most number-one singles (with 11) and holds the record for the most top ten singles (with 30), and the most overall appearances on the chart since her debut (49).[33]
A woman performing on stage
Katy Perry shares the record with Rihanna for the most number-one singles (with 11). Katy holds the record for most cumulative weeks at number one for Pop Songs.[34]

Artists with the most number-one singles

Artists with the most cumulative weeks at number-one

Artists with the most top 10 singles

Artists with the most entries

Simultaneously occupying the top two positions

  1. "One Sweet Day" (with Boyz II Men)
  2. "Fantasy"
  • OutKast: January 31 - February 7, 2004
  1. "Hey Ya!"
  2. "The Way You Move" (featuring Sleepy Brown)
  1. "Blurred Lines" (Robin Thicke featuring T.I. and Pharrell)
  2. "Get Lucky" (Daft Punk featuring Pharrell Williams)
  1. "Fancy" (featuring Charli XCX)
  2. "Problem" (Ariana Grande featuring Iggy Azalea)
  • Halsey: February 23 - March 9, 2019
  1. "Without Me"
  2. "Eastside" (with Benny Blanco and Khalid)

Source:[53]

Self-replacement at number one

+ Iggy Azalea is the only act in Mainstream Top 40 history to replace herself at number one with her first two chart entries.

Source:[10]

Additional artist achievements

Lady Gaga is the only musical artist in history to have her first six singles all reach the number-one position on this chart.
  • Lady Gaga is the only artist to have her first six singles reach No. 1.[54]
  • Britney Spears holds the record for the longest span between No. 1s at 12 years, seven months and four days between her first No.1 and her latest.[55]
  • JoJo at age 13, became the youngest solo artist to have a number-one single on the chart with "Leave (Get Out)".[56]

Album records

Most number-one singles from an album

Source:[57]

Use in countdown shows

From January 9, 1993, until its last first-run show on January 28, 1995, American Top 40 used this chart as its main source after having used the Hot 100 Airplay chart since 1991.

References

  1. ^ a b "Chart Histories--Top 40 Airplay". Billboard 100th Anniversary Issue 1894-1994: 264. November 1, 1994.
  2. ^ Girard, Keith (August 2, 2003). "The Evolution Continues". Billboard. 115 (31): 10. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Chart Beat Podcast: The Top 25 Pop Songs of the Past 25 Years, by Britney Spears, Rihanna & More". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Rihanna Rules as No. 1 Artist In Pop Songs Chart's 25-Year History". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Greatest of All Time Pop Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. October 19, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "Greatest of All Time: Pop Songs Artists". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The Chainsmokers' 'Closer' Ties for Second-Longest No. 1 Run Atop Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. December 6, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Benny Blanco, Halsey & Khalid's 'Eastside' Ties Longevity Record On Pop Songs Chart". billboard.com. Billboard Music. June 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "Khalid & Normani's 'Love Lies' Ties Dua Lipa's 'New Rules' For Longevity Record On Pop Songs Chart". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Benny Blanco, Halsey & Khalid Complete Record Rise to No. 1 on Pop Songs Chart With 'Eastside'". Billboard.
  11. ^ a b c "Alessia Cara's 'Here' Completes Record Climb to No. 1 on Pop Songs Chart". Billboard.
  12. ^ "Scars to Your Beautiful Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Pop Songs Week of February 4, 2017". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ Trust, Gary (September 17, 2018). "Khalid and Normani's 'Love Lies' Lifts to No. 1 On Pop Songs Airplay Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Stitches Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ "Pop Songs Week of November 21, 2015". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ "Wow Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "Pop Songs Week of June 22, 2019". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "New Rules Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "Pop Songs Week of February 3, 2018". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "You Were Meant for Me Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Pop Songs Week of April 12, 1997". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "Save Tonight Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Pop Songs Week of January 30, 1999". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "Slow Hands Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Pop Songs Week of January 30, 1999". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ Trust, Gary (May 7, 2018). "Camila Cabello's 'Never Be the Same' Hits No. 1 on Pop Songs Airplay Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "Bazzi's Breakthrough Hit 'Mine' Tops Pop Songs Airplay Chart". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ "Pop Songs Week of January 30, 1999". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d e f "Lauv's 'I Like Me Better' & Dua Lipa's 'New Rules' Set Longevity Records on Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. June 18, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ "Rihanna Rewrites Record For Most Pop Songs No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved 2013.
  34. ^ "Katy Perry Ties For Most Pop Songs No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved 2013.
  35. ^ a b c d e Trust, Gary (March 26, 2018). "Bruno Mars & Cardi B's 'Finesse' Tops Pop Songs Airplay Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ Trust, Gary (July 30, 2018). "Drake Tops Hot 100 For Third Week With 'In My Feelings,' Passes Rihanna For Most Weeks at No. 1 This Decade". Billboard. Retrieved 2018.
  37. ^ Trust, Gary (July 23, 2018). "Taylor Swift Tops Pop Songs Airplay Chart With 'Delicate'". Billboard. Retrieved 2018.
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Katy Perry Sets Record On Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ "Chart Highlights: One Direction, Katy Perry, U2 Score New No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved 2015.
  40. ^ "Bruno Mars Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ a b "Taylor Swift Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "Justin Timberlake Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ a b c d e f "BTS Becomes First K-Pop Act With Two Hits on the Pop Songs Chart as 'Fake Love' Debuts". Billboard. June 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  44. ^ "Maroon 5 Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  45. ^ "Hot 100 Chart Moves: Hailee Steinfeld's 'Starving' Hits the Top 40". Billboard. September 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ "Rihanna Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  47. ^ "Nicki Minaj Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2017.
  48. ^ "Britney Spears Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  49. ^ "Chris Brown Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  50. ^ "Pitbull Mainstream Top 40 Chart History". billboard.com. Retrieved 2019.
  51. ^ "G-Eazy & Bebe Rexha Rule Pop Songs Chart With 'Me, Myself & I'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2016.
  52. ^ "Lil Wayne Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2018.
  53. ^ Trust, Gary (February 18, 2019). "Halsey Holds Top Two Spots on Pop Songs Chart With 'Without Me' & 'Eastside'". Billboard. Retrieved 2019.
  54. ^ Trust, Gary (2010-03-15). "Lady Gaga, Beyonce Match Mariah's Record". Billboard. Retrieved .
  55. ^ Trust, Gary (2011-09-12). "Britney Spears' Sustained Success 'Go'-es On At Pop Radio". Billboard. Retrieved .
  56. ^ "JoJo Signs Deal with Atlantic Records". Complex. 2014-01-14. Retrieved .
  57. ^ "Selena Gomez Scores Third Pop Songs No. 1 With 'Hands to Myself' & Releases New Single From 'Revival'". Billboard.

External links


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