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Makian volcano.jpg
Maluku Islands en.png
LocationSoutheast Asia
ArchipelagoMaluku Islands
Area84.36 km2 (32.57 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,357 m (4,452 ft)
ProvinceNorth Maluku
Population12,394 (2010)
Pop. density146.9 /km2 (380.5 /sq mi)
Additional information
Time zone

Makian (also Machian), known to local people as Mount Kie Besi,[1] is a volcanic island, one of the Maluku Islands within the province of North Maluku in Indonesia. It lies near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of the province's major island, Halmahera, and lies between the islands of Tidore to the north and Kayoa and the Bacan Group to the south.[2] The island, which forms a district (pulau makian) within South Halmahera Regency of North Maluku Province, covers an area of 84.36, and had a population of 12,394 at the 2010 Census.[3]

The island is 10 kilometres (6 miles) wide, and its 1,357-metre (4,452-foot) high summit consists of a large 1.5 kilometres (1 mile) wide crater, with a small lake on its Northeast side.[4] There are four parasitic cones on the western slopes of Makian. Makian volcano is also known as Mount Kiebesi (or Kie Besi).

Volcanic history

Makian volcano has had infrequent, but violent eruptions that destroyed villages on the island.

Its first recorded eruption was in the 1550s.[5] The eruptions of July 19, 1646, September 22, 1760 and December 28, 1861 are rated 4 in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Global Volcanism Program's Large Volcano Explocivity Index.[6] Since the first known eruption in the 1550s, it has erupted seven times, four of which caused fatalities.[7]

The 1760 eruption of the volcano killed about three thousand inhabitants. It erupted in 1890, and was then dormant until July 1988, when a series of eruptions forced the temporary evacuation of the island's entire population, then about fifteen thousand people.[8]

See also


  1. ^ "Peningkatan Aktivitas Gunung Kie Besi". (in Indonesian). Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Makian island, geographic location, administrative division and map". Retrieved 2013..
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ "Description and photo of Makian island". Retrieved 2013..
  5. ^ "Makian". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  6. ^ "Large Volcano Explocivity (sic) Index". May 10, 2010. Retrieved 2013..
  7. ^ Smithsonian Institution / SEAN (1989). Lindsay McClelland; Tom Simkin; Marjorie Summers; Elizabeth Nielsen; Thomas C. Stein (eds.). Global Volcanism 1975-1985. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ, and American Geophysical Union, Washington DC. p. 232. ISBN 0-13-357203-X.
  8. ^ Volcano erupts on evacuated island. United Press International July 30, 1988.

External links

Coordinates: 00°20?N 127°22?E / 0.333°N 127.367°E / 0.333; 127.367

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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