Tea plantations in Makinohara
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
|o Mayor||Shigeki Nishihara|
|o Total||111.69 km2 (43.12 sq mi)|
(July 31, 2019)
|o Density||410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||camellia sinensis|
|Address||447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421-0495|
Makinohara (?, Makinohara-shi) is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019 , the city had an estimated population of 45,813 in 16980 households  and a population density of 410 persons per km². The total area of the city was 111.69 square kilometres (43.12 sq mi).
Makinohara is located in south-central Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and rises gradually to the Makinohara Plateau in the west. The area has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current off shore providing a moderating effect.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Makinohara has been relatively steady over the past 50 years.
The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Makinohara is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2083 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.0 °C.
The area of present-day Makinohara was part of former T?t?mi Province. During the Edo period, the town of Sagara was the castle town of Sagara Domain. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system in the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, Sagara was incorporated as a town within Haibara District.
The local economy of Makinohara is dominated by the production of green tea, and to a lesser extent by commercial fishing, and manufacturing of automobile components for Suzuki Motors (Sagara Plant).
Makinohara has seven public elementary schools operated by the city government and one shared between Makinohara and Kikugawa, and three shared between Makinohara and Omaezaki. The city likewise operates two public junior high schools and shares operated with one junior high school with Kikugawa and one with Omaezaki. The city has two public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education.
Although both the Tokaido Shinkansen and the Tokaido Main Line pass through Makinohara, the city has no passenger railway services. The nearest train station is Kikugawa Station in neighboring Kikugawa or Kanaya Station in neighboring Shimada.
Shizuoka Airport, which opened in 2009, straddles the border between Makinohara and Shimada.
Media related to Makinohara, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons