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Tea plantations in Makinohara
Tea plantations in Makinohara
Flag of Makinohara
Official seal of Makinohara
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Makinohara is located in Japan
Coordinates: 34°44?N 138°13?E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217Coordinates: 34°44?N 138°13?E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217
RegionCh?bu (T?kai)
 o MayorShigeki Nishihara
 o Total111.69 km2 (43.12 sq mi)
(July 31, 2019)
 o Total45,813
 o Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Treecamellia sinensis
- Flowerhydrangea
Phone number548-23-0001
Address447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421-0495
WebsiteOfficial website
Makinohara City Hall

Makinohara (?, Makinohara-shi) is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 45,813 in 16980 households [1] and a population density of 410 persons per km². The total area of the city was 111.69 square kilometres (43.12 sq mi).


Makinohara is located in south-central Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and rises gradually to the Makinohara Plateau in the west. The area has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current off shore providing a moderating effect.

Surrounding municipalities

Shizuoka Prefecture


Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Makinohara has been relatively steady over the past 50 years.


The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Makinohara is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2083 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.0 °C.[3]


The area of present-day Makinohara was part of former T?t?mi Province. During the Edo period, the town of Sagara was the castle town of Sagara Domain. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system in the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, Sagara was incorporated as a town within Haibara District.

The city of Makinohara was established on October 11, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Haibara and Sagara (both from Haibara District).


Makinohara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 16 members. The city contributes one member to the Shizuoka Prefectural Assembly.


The local economy of Makinohara is dominated by the production of green tea, and to a lesser extent by commercial fishing, and manufacturing of automobile components for Suzuki Motors (Sagara Plant).[4]

Fuji Dream Airlines has its headquarters in Makinohara.[5]


Makinohara has seven public elementary schools operated by the city government and one shared between Makinohara and Kikugawa, and three shared between Makinohara and Omaezaki. The city likewise operates two public junior high schools and shares operated with one junior high school with Kikugawa and one with Omaezaki. The city has two public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education.



Although both the Tokaido Shinkansen and the Tokaido Main Line pass through Makinohara, the city has no passenger railway services. The nearest train station is Kikugawa Station in neighboring Kikugawa or Kanaya Station in neighboring Shimada.



Shizuoka Airport, which opened in 2009, straddles the border between Makinohara and Shimada.

Local attractions

  • Sagara Oil field, Japan's only oil field on the Pacific coast. Hand-pumping began in 1873, and the following year, Nippon Oil opened the first mechanical pumping operation in the country at Sagara. Operations ceased in 1955, and in 1980 the field was made into the "Yuden no Sato" Park, operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural government.[6][7]
  • Sagara Castle ruins

Sister city relations

Notable people from Makinohara


External links

Media related to Makinohara, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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