Mamma Mia!
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Mamma Mia!
Mamma Mia!
West End promotional poster
MusicBenny Andersson
Björn Ulvaeus
LyricsBenny Andersson
Björn Ulvaeus
BookCatherine Johnson
PremiereApril 6, 1999: Prince Edward Theatre, London
List of productions

1999 West End
2000 Toronto
2000 US Tour
2001 Melbourne
2001 Broadway
2002 North America Tour
2002 Hamburg
2002 Tokyo
2003 Las Vegas
2003 Utrecht
2004 Seoul
2004 International Tour
2004 Stuttgart
2004 Madrid
2005 Stockholm
2006 Antwerp
2006 Moscow
2007 Essen
2008 Film
2009 Oslo
2009 Mexico City
2009 Netherlands Tour
2009 Australia Tour
2010 South Africa Tour
2010 Milan
2010 Copenhagen
2010 Paris
2010 São Paulo
2011 Shanghai
2012 Buenos Aires
2012 Moscow
2013 Stuttgart
2013 China Tour
2014 New Zealand Tour*
2014 Vienna
2014 Las Vegas
2014 Budapest*
2014 Helsinki
2014 Royal Caribbean
2014 Prague*
2015 Warsaw*
2015 Belgrade*
2015 Zagreb*
2015 Ljubljana*
2015 Barcelona
2016 Seoul
2016 Reykjavík*
2016 Panama City*
2016 UK Tour
2016 Lima*
2016 North America Tour
2016 Tartu*
2016 Athens*
2017 Italy Tour*
2017 Bratislava*
2017 Australia Tour*
2018 Santiago*
2018 Valletta*
2018 Helsinki
2018 Bucharest*
2018 Germany Tour
2018 Sofia*
2018 Utrecht
2018 China Tour
2018 Santo Domingo*
2019 Seoul
2019 UK Tour
2020 Denmark Tour

* Non-replica productions

Mamma Mia! (promoted as Benny Andersson & Björn Ulvaeus' Mamma Mia!) is a jukebox musical written by British playwright Catherine Johnson, based on the songs of ABBA composed by Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus, former members of the band. The title of the musical is taken from the group's 1975 chart-topper "Mamma Mia". Ulvaeus and Andersson, who composed the original music for ABBA, were involved in the development of the show from the beginning. Singer Anni-Frid Lyngstad has been involved financially in the production and she has also been present at many of the premieres around the world.

The musical includes such hits as "Super Trouper", "Lay All Your Love on Me", "Dancing Queen", "Knowing Me, Knowing You", "Take a Chance on Me", "Thank You for the Music", "Money, Money, Money", "The Winner Takes It All", "Voulez-Vous", "SOS" and "Mamma Mia". Over 65 million people have seen the show, which has grossed $4 billion worldwide since its 1999 debut.[1] A film adaptation starring Meryl Streep, Colin Firth, Pierce Brosnan, Amanda Seyfried, Christine Baranski, Stellan Skarsgård and Julie Walters was released in July 2008.

As of 2020, the show has productions in London's West End, where it is the seventh longest-running show in West End history, as well as various international productions. Its Broadway incarnation closed in September 2015 after a 14-year run, making it the ninth longest-running show in Broadway history.


The original home of Mamma Mia! The Prince Edward Theatre

Mamma Mia! is based on the songs of ABBA, a Swedish pop/dance group active from 1972 to 1982 and one of the most popular international pop groups of all time, topping the charts again and again in Europe, North and South America and Australia. Following the premiere of the musical in London in 1999, ABBA Gold topped the charts in the United Kingdom again. This musical was the brainchild of producer Judy Craymer. She met songwriters Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson in 1983 when they were working with Tim Rice on Chess.[2] It was the song "The Winner Takes It All" that suggested to her the theatrical potential of their pop songs.[2] The songwriters were not enthusiastic, but they were not completely opposed to the idea.[2]

In 1997, Craymer commissioned Catherine Johnson to write the book for the musical. In 1998, Phyllida Lloyd became the director for the show.[2]

Various reviewers have noted a similarity in the plot between Mamma Mia and the 1968 film Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell, which similarly is about a woman who does not know which of three men is the father of her daughter, now a young woman.[3] Some have even claimed that Mamma Mia is officially based on the 1968 film.[4] Critic John Simon speculated that Mamma Mia is set in Greece and not Italy (which might have fit in better with the musical's title) in order to make the connection to the film less obvious.[5] However, Johnson has denied being inspired by Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell.[5]


Original West End production

Mamma Mia! made its North American debut at the Royal Alexandra Theatre in Toronto

The musical opened in the West End at the Prince Edward Theatre on April 6, 1999, and transferred to the Prince of Wales Theatre on June 9, 2004, where it played until September 2012, when it moved to the Novello Theatre.[6] Directed by Phyllida Lloyd with choreography by Anthony Van Laast, the original cast featured Siobhan McCarthy, Lisa Stokke, and Hilton McRae.[7][8]

Original Broadway and U.S. productions

Mamma Mia! on Broadway

Prior to the musical's Broadway engagement, it opened in Toronto at the Royal Alexandra Theatre in May 2000, where it played for five years. Its US debut was in San Francisco, California, at the Orpheum Theatre from November 17, 2000 to February 17, 2001,[9][10] moving next to Los Angeles, California, at the Shubert Theatre from February 26, 2001 to May 12, 2001,[11] and finally to Chicago, Illinois, at the Cadillac Palace Theatre from May 13, 2001 to August 12, 2001.[12]

New York City run

The musical opened on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre on October 18, 2001, after beginning previews on October 5. The director is Phyllida Lloyd with choreography by Anthony Van Laast. As of October 2017, it is the ninth longest-running Broadway show and the longest-running jukebox musical in Broadway history. On April 18, 2013, it was announced that Mamma Mia! would transfer from its home at the Winter Garden Theatre to the Broadhurst Theatre later that year to make way for the musical adaptation of Rocky.[13] The show played its final performance at the Winter Garden Theatre on October 19, 2013 and began performances at the Broadhurst Theatre on November 2, 2013.[14]

It was announced on April 9, 2015 that the show would close on September 5, 2015.[15] On April 21, 2015, it was then announced that show would play an additional week and would instead close on September 12, 2015. Mamma Mia! played 5,773 performances on Broadway before closing.[16]

International and touring productions

Cirkus in Stockholm

Mamma Mia! has been played in more than 50 countries in all 6 continents, including Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Germany, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Latvia, Lituania, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and United States, and has been translated into multiple languages. Over 65 million people have seen the show worldwide and it has set the record for premiering in more cities faster than any other musical in history.

The first city to produce the show after London was Toronto, where it ran from May 22, 2000 to May 22, 2005, being the North America premiere of Mamma Mia!.[17] The original cast included Louise Pitre as Donna and Tina Maddigan as Sophie, who both of them later reprised their roles in first US Tour and Broadway premiere.

Mamma Mia! played in Las Vegas, opening at the Mandalay Bay in February 2003 and closing on January 4, 2009.[18][19] In June 2005, Mamma Mia! played its 1000th performance in Las Vegas, becoming the longest-running West End/Broadway musical in Las Vegas. The clothes and scenarios from this production are now used in Brazil.[20] The show returned to Las Vegas on May 16, 2014 at the Tropicana Hotel & Casino, but announced its closing soon after on July 22.[21]

The first North American tour started in San Francisco, California, in November 15, 2000, and closed in Boston, Massachusetts, in August 29, 2004.[22] A second national tour opened in Providence, Rhode Island in February 26, 2002, and closed in Appleton, Wisconsin in August 26, 2012.[23] This was followed by a non-Equity tour that opened in Orange, Texas in September 28, 2016,[24] and closed in St. Louis, Missouri in July 30, 2017.[25]

The first non-English version of the show debuted in Hamburg at the Operettenhaus, where it ran from November 3, 2002 to September 8, 2007. With the productions of Stuttgart (2004) and Essen (2007), Mamma Mia! became the first major musical to play concurrently in three German cities.

The show has had (and in some cases, still has) permanent productions in London, Toronto, Melbourne, New York, Hamburg, Tokyo (later transferred to Osaka, Fukuoka and Nagoya), Las Vegas, Utrecht, Seoul (later transferred to Seongnam and Daegu), Stuttgart, Madrid (later transferred to Barcelona), Stockholm (later transferred to Gothenburg), Antwerp, Moscow, Essen, Berlin, Oslo, Mexico City, Milan (later transferred to Rome), Copenhagen (later transferred to Aarhus), Paris, São Paulo, Shanghai, Buenos Aires, Vienna and Helsinki.

Mamma Mia! in Paris, France

Since its premiere in Dublin on September 9, 2004 (with Helen Hobson as Donna) the international tour been seen by 5 million people. In addition there have been several touring productions worldwide, including Australia/Asia (2002-2005), Australia (2009-2010), China (2011-2012, 2013-2014, and 2018), France (2012-2013), Germany, Japan, Netherlands (2009-2010), Spain (2009-2011 and 2016-2017), South Africa (2010-2011), South Korea, and United Kingdom (2016-2018 and 2019-2021)

The Dutch actress Lone van Roosendaal has played Donna in three different countries: Netherlands, Belgium and Germany.

Mamma Mia! Japanese production

In the Original Danish Tivoli Copenhagen Cast it was actually Kristine Yde Eriksen as Sophie and Nadia Barbara Abrahamsen as Ali. But when the production moved to Aarhus Stine Louise Henriksen took over for Kristine Yde Eriksen as Sophie and Nadin Reiness took over for Nadia Barbara Abrahamsen as Ali. Stine Louise Henriksen was actually Kristine's understudy in Tivoli, Copenhagen and so was Nadin Reiness for Nadia.

The South African tour, conducted at the Artscape Theatre in Cape Town on August 11, 2010 and 3 months later at The Teatro, Montecasino in Johannesburg, featured an all local cast.

The first Chinese production opened on July 11, 2011 at the Shanghai Grand Theatre and closed on January 18, 2012 at Shanghai Cultural Square after a small tour, marking the first time that a blockbuster contemporary Western musical were presented in Mandarin in Shanghai (there was a previous Mandarin production of Beauty and the Beast in Beijing in 1999). It was seen by 250,000 people across six venues, with a total of 190 performances. Two Chinese actresses, Tian Shui, and Shadow Zhang both played the role of Donna in turn. In the following years, the production toured around China from time to time, performing 100~150 shows per year, until 2017. A revival of this production is now touring in China again, with the role of Donna played by Adia Chan Chung Ling, a Hong Kong TV/film star and pop singer famous in 1980~90'.

Mamma Mia! at the Operettenhaus in Hamburg, Germany

On January 24, 2012, Mamma Mia! opened in Manila at the Main Theater of the Cultural Center of the Philippines as part of the international Tour. The show was originally set to stay only for a week but with the positive response, the organisers decided that it would play until February 19, 2012.[26] The show features Sara Poyzer as Donna Sheridan and Charlotte Wakefield as Sophie. The cast also included Kate Graham (Tanya), Jenny Dale (Rosie) and David Roberts (Sky).[27]

A New Zealand tour production of Mamma Mia! opened at the Auckland Civic Theatre on March 4, 2014, featuring an all new set design by John Harding. International theatre star Deliah Hannah played Donna, and popular New Zealand entertainment icon Jackie Clark plays Rosie. The NZ tour visited 11 cities in 2014-2016.

The musical was originally performed on sailings of Royal Caribbean's Quantum of the Seas but was later moved to Allure of the Seas. Unlike other cruise ship performances of musicals, the show is performed in its entirety.

In Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, the musical had its premiere on December 12, 2014. Czech is the seventeenth language in which the musical was performed. At the date of the premiere a record 70,000 tickets were sold.[28]

On February 21, 2015, the musical premiered in Warsaw, Poland at Roma Musical Theatre.[29]

The Belgrade, Serbia - Terazije Theatre (Pozori?te na Terazijama) premiere was on March 27, 2015.[30][31]

On June 15, 2015 in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, premiere of Slovene production took place in Kri?anke Outdoor Theatre as a part of Ljubljana Summer Festival (Poletni festival Ljubljana).[32]

On March 18, 2016, Mamma Mia! opened for the first time in Panama City, Panama, at the Anayansi Theatre in the Atlapa Convention Centre, directed by Aaron Zebede. [33]

On May 27, 2016 the first regional production opened at the Barter Theatre in Abingdon, Virginia.

On 31 August 2016, it was announced that the musical would once again tour Australia as a new, non-replica production to be directed by Gary Young. The premier was held in Canberra in November 2017 before continuing on a 1-year national tour to Brisbane, Sydney, Perth, Melbourne and finally Adelaide.[34] The cast included Sarah Morrison as Sophie, Natalie O'Donnell as Donna, Jayde Westaby as Tanya, Alicia Gardiner as Rose, Ian Stenlake as Sam, Phillip Lowe as Harry, Josef Ber as Bill and Stephen Mahy as Sky.[35] The production was nominated for the following Helpmann Awards: Best Musical, Best Choreography (Tom Hodgson), Best Actress (Natalie O'Donnell) and Best Actor (Ian Stenlake).[36]

On 26 November 2016, the musical opened at the theatre Vanemuine in Tartu, Estonia. The original Estonian cast included Birgit Sarrap as Sophie, Ele Millistfer and Merle Jalakas as Donna, Kaire Vilgats as Rosie and Kaarel Targo as Sky among others. As of April 2019, the show keeps playing open end for high public demand.

From July 28, 2017 to July 30, 2017, Mamma Mia! was performed at the Hollywood Bowl. Directed and choreographed by Kathleen Marshall, the show starred Jennifer Nettles as Donna, Dove Cameron as Sophie, Corbin Bleu as Sky, Jaime Camil as Sam, Tisha Campbell-Martin as Tanya, and Lea Delaria as Rosie.[37]

Nová scéna Theatre in Bratislava, Slovakia opened on November 11, 2017 for the first time in Slovak. In Slovakia were formerly performed Czech and original version.[38]

A Finnish-language production premiered at the Messukeskus Helsinki in Helsinki, Finland on May 4, 2018.[39]

A Bulgarian production opened on July 18, 2018 at the National opera and ballet in Sofia. There will be other shows on July 19, 20, 21, and 22, 2018.

A revival of the Dutch production premiered at the Beatrix Theater Utrecht in Utrecht, Netherlands on 6 September 2018.[40]

East West Players (EWP) produced a diverse and inclusive version of the musical featuring a cast with all artists of color as a part of their 53rd season under the direction of EWP's Producing Artistic Director, Snehal Desai.[41] The production was originally slated to run from May 9 to June 16 of 2019, but was extended a week through June 23 due to high demand.[41] This particular production featured a majority Asian-Pacific Islander (API) cast, along with several specific allusions to Filipino culture (as this rendition of Donna and Sophie are a Filipina family living abroad). Among these allusions are references to "mannerisms, language, the folk dance the 'tinikling' as well as fashion seen in the during the [sic] wedding scene with the traditional Barong Tagalog as well as a disco-fied Maria Clara gown during the show's encore."[42] The production was lauded for its inclusive casting decisions[43] as well as its authentic portrayal of Filipino culture.[42] These added dimensions were a very intentional creative choice, playing to the season's overarching theme of "Culture Shock." Desai claimed that featuring an API-American majority cast would challenge preconceived notions of what it means to be an American abroad,[42] outside of the typical heteronormative white narratives.

In 2019 a UK and International tour will run into 2020 starting at the Edinburgh Playhouse in September 2019 before heading to La Seine Musicale in October, The Bradford Alhambra Theatre in November, Bord Gais Energy Theatre in Dublin over the Christmas and new year period before continuing on the 22nd January 2020 at the Theatre Royal Newcastle before continuing to the Southampton Mayflower Theatre, Hull New Theatre, Nottingham Royal Concert Hall, Glasgow Kings Theatre, Liverpool Empire Theatre, Birmingham Hippodrome, Bristol Hippodrome and finishing in August at the Theatre Royal Plymouth. More dates are to be added.[44]


Act I

Before the curtain rises, the orchestra starts playing the overture, which is a montage of instrumental versions of some of ABBA's hit songs.

On the fictional Greek island of Kalokairi (Skopelos), 20-year-old Sophie is preparing to marry her fiancé, Sky. She wants her father to walk her down the aisle ("Prologue") but doesn't know who he is. Sophie discovers her mother's old diary and finds entries which describe intimate dates with three men (Sam Carmichael, Bill Austin [Anderson in the film version], and Harry Bright) ("Honey, Honey"). Sophie believes one of these men is her father and, three months before her nuptials, sends each an invitation to her wedding, writing in her mother's name, Donna, without letting her unsuspecting mother know.

Mamma Mia! picture 02.jpg

Donna begins receiving guests at her taverna. The first to arrive are her long-time best friends, Tanya, a rich woman who has been married and divorced three times, and Rosie, an unmarried, carefree woman. The trio used to comprise a girl group called "Donna and the Dynamos". The three women catch up and talk about their lives ("Money, Money, Money").

Later that day, Sophie's three possible fathers arrive: Sam (an American architect), Harry (a British banker), and Bill (originally an Australian writer and adventurer, Swedish in the film, and currently American in New York and on tour). Sophie convinces them not to tell Donna that she invited them ("Thank You for the Music"). Donna is surprised to see her ex-lovers ("Mamma Mia") and leaves in tears. Donna, crying, explains to Tanya and Rosie the situation, and they cheer her up ("Chiquitita"). Tanya and Rosie try to convince Donna that she can still be the girl she once was ("Dancing Queen").

Sophie had hoped she would know her father the moment she saw him but is now only confused. She tries to tell her fiancé, Sky, how she feels without confessing what she has done. Sky tells her he will be the only man she ever needs ("Lay All Your Love on Me").

At Sophie's hen party, Donna and the Dynamos don their old costumes and perform a song, ("Super Trouper"). Sam, Bill, and Harry accidentally walk in on the party, and the guests persuade them to stay ("Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)").

Sophie first pulls Sam out of the room to talk to him. After he asks why he is there, she is overcome with guilt and goes to talk to Harry, instead. But Harry asks if Sophie's father is at the party, and she tells him the whole truth.

Lastly, she draws Bill aside to talk with him. She learns that Bill has an aunt Sophia who left all her money to Donna's family. Bill learns that Donna built the taverna with money she inherited from a friend she lived with when Sophie was a baby; that friend was Bill's aunt. They both think this means he is her father.

Sophie asks Bill to walk her down the aisle, but Bill wants to discuss it first with Donna. This has been her secret, after all. But no one knows yet that even Donna doesn't know who the father is, because she slept with the three men in such swift succession. Sophie insists they mustn't tell Donna anything ("The Name of the Game") and finally, Bill agrees.

Afterward, everybody crashes the hen party (including the guys from the stag party). During the party, Sam pulls Sophie aside and tells her he has figured out why she invited him. He knows he is her father and promises to walk her down the aisle the next day. Then, Harry approaches Sophie, apologizing for being so slow on the uptake; he is also convinced that she is his daughter and promises to walk her down the aisle. Sophie leaves the party, hopelessly confused; she doesn't want to turn any of them down ("Voulez-Vous").

Act II

Mamma Mia! at Broadway On Broadway

(Entr'acte) Sophie's having a nightmare, involving her three possible fathers all fighting for the right to walk her down the aisle and wakes up despairing ("Under Attack").

Sophie's upset, and Donna assumes that Sophie wants to cancel the wedding and offers to handle all the details. Sophie's offended and vows that her children won't grow up not knowing who their father is. As Sophie storms out of the room, Sam enters and tries to tell Donna that Sophie may not be all she seems, but Donna won't listen ("One of Us"). She hates Sam; at the end of their affair, she said she never wanted to see him again. But it seems that Sam was the man Donna cared about the most, and both of them wish they could go back to the start ("SOS"').

At the beach, Harry asks Tanya what the father of the bride ought to be doing for Sophie's wedding. Tanya explains that for her part, her father gave her his advice and then paid. Pepper, one of the guys who works at Donna's taverna, makes advances to Tanya, but she rebuffs him ("Does Your Mother Know").

Sky finds out what Sophie has done in inviting Sam, Harry and Bill to the wedding. He accuses her of wanting a big white wedding only so that she can find out who her father is. He's very hurt that she kept this plan a secret from him. He storms off just as Sam walks in. Sam tries to give Sophie some fatherly advice by describing his failed marriage ("Knowing Me, Knowing You"), but Sophie isn't consoled.

Harry offers to Donna to pay for the wedding, and they reminisce about their fling ("Our Last Summer"). Sophie arrives and Donna helps her get dressed. She can't believe her daughter is going to be a bride ("Slipping Through My Fingers"). Donna admits that her own mother disowned her when she learned that she was pregnant. They reconcile and Sophie asks her mother if she will walk her down the aisle. Sam arrives and tries to speak to Donna again, but she doesn't want to see him, and asks him to leave. He refuses, and a bitter confrontation ensues. Donna tells Sam that he broke her heart, presumably when she found out he was engaged ("The Winner Takes It All"). It emerges that the two still love each other dearly, albeit against Donna's better judgment.

Rosie is making final preparations in the taverna when Bill arrives. He's upset because he has received a note that Donna will be walking Sophie down the aisle. Bill reaffirms his commitment to the single life, but Rosie has become attracted to him, and urges him to reconsider ("Take a Chance on Me"). They are about to have sex in the taverna, but the guests arrive, leaving Rosie quite stunned.

The wedding begins, with Donna walking Sophie down the aisle. Before the priest has a chance to begin the ceremonies, Donna acknowledges to everyone that Sophie's father is present. Sophie tells her mother that she knows about her father. Donna realizes that Sophie invited them to the wedding for that very reason. The issue of Sophie's parentage is left unsettled, as none of them have any idea whether they are actually her father. Everyone involved agrees that it doesn't matter which one of them her biological parent is, as Sophie loves all three and they are all happy to be "one-third of a father" and a part of her life at last. Finally, Harry, who has made frequent references to his "other half" throughout the show, is revealed to be in a committed gay relationship.

Suddenly, Sophie calls a halt to the proceedings. She isn't ready to get married and Sky agrees with her about not getting married. Sam seizes his chance and proposes to Donna in order to prevent the wedding preparations from going to waste. He explains that he loved her, even when he left to get married. It is revealed that he called off the wedding and came back to the island, only to be told that Donna was going out with another man (Bill). He went back, married his fiancée and had children but he got divorced. Surprisingly, Donna accepts ("I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do"). In the end, Sam and Donna are married, and at the end of the night, Sophie and Sky depart on a round-the-world tour ("I Have a Dream").

Finale and encore

After their final bows to the audience, the ensemble performs a reprise of "Mamma Mia". A reprise of "Dancing Queen" follows, during which Donna, Tanya, Rosie are revealed wearing brightly colored ABBA inspired costumes. The cast ends the finale with "Waterloo", during which Sam, Bill, and Harry join the rest of the cast onstage in brightly colored costumes that match the leading ladies. The Dynamos and the dads often invite the audience to clap, dance, and sing along during the finale.

Musical numbers


Notes on the music

During the preview period in London, the musical had the song "Summer Night City" just after the prologue. The "Summer Night City" scene was a wedding rehearsal and during the song, Ali, Lisa, Tanya, and Rosie arrived on the island. Now, part of the song is used as underscoring to connect the end of "The Winner Takes It All" and "Take a Chance on Me". You can also hear a couple of lines of "Summer Night City" in the 'Entr'acte' (the most noticeable line is: 'Time to breathe and time to live').

Donna hums a few lines of "Fernando", when she repairs the doors of the taverna just before she sees her three former lovers. In the Mexican production Donna sings a few lines of ABBA's original Spanish version of the song.

In the German production, Sky (Bernhard Forcher) sang a few lines of "King Kong Song" before starting "Lay All Your Love on Me". Niklas Riesbeck uses the same song in the Swedish production. Andrey Kozhan sang a few lines of Summer Night City in the Russian production. In the international tour version, Sky (David Roberts) sings a few lines of "She's My Kind of Girl", a Björn & Benny song. In the 2015 International tour version, Sky (Justin Thomas) sings a few lines of "Dum Dum Diddle".

The wedding march that is played as Sophie walks down the aisle is a slower arrangement of "Dancing Queen".

The creators also intended to include "Just Like That", an unreleased ABBA song recorded in 1982. The song was apparently dropped just before the first public previews in March 1999, though it was listed in the program available during the preview period.

Originally the outro after the encore was a 5-minute instrumental medley (in the style of the Ouverture and Entr'Acte) featuring Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight), SOS, Voulez-Vous, Does Your Mother Know, Money, Money, Money and Dancing Queen. It was later replaced with the short Dancing Queen instrumental, still being used today.

The last three songs, performed as an encore/finale by the whole cast are: "Mamma Mia", "Dancing Queen" and "Waterloo". The version of "Mamma Mia" used in the encore/finale is sung by the Company. The finale song Mamma Mia has been extended in theatres where Donna and the Dynamos had to go downstairs for taking the stage lift in Dancing Queen. Then, during the intro of "Dancing Queen", Donna, Tanya and Rosie join the Company (as the girl-power band "Donna and the Dynamos", wearing ABBA's 1970s-style colorful and flashy costumes). Sam, Bill and Harry join them during Waterloo, wearing male versions of the girls' ABBA's costumes. The Encore is included on the 5th Anniversary Cast Recording (commemorating said anniversary for the Broadway production).

In the Brazilian production, all three songs from the encore/finale were kept in English. Though "Waterloo" was adapted into Brazilian Portuguese, this version was never used.

In the Russian production the song "Happy New Year" is sung at the encore on New Year holidays shows.

Principal roles and casts

Character Original West End Cast
Original Broadway Cast
Original Hamburg Cast
Original Moscow Cast
Original Copenhagen Cast
Original Aarhus Cast
Denmark Cast
Hollywood Bowl
Film Sequel
Donna Sheridan Siobhán McCarthy Louise Pitre Carolin Fortenbacher Yelena Charkviani Meryl Streep Nicoline Siff Møller Annette Heick Jennifer Nettles Meryl Streep
Lily James
Rosie Jenny Galloway Judy Kaye Jasna Ivir Yelena Kazarinova Julie Walters Pernille Schrøder Trine Gadeberg Lea DeLaria Julie Walters
Alexa Davies
Tanya Louise Plowright Karen Mason Kerstin Marie Mäkelburg Natalia Koretskaya Christine Baranski Nastja Arcel Nicoline Siff Møller Tisha Campbell-Martin Christine Baranski
Jessica Keenan Wynn
Sam Carmichael Hilton McRae David W. Keeley Frank Logemann Andrey Klyuev Pierce Brosnan Morten Lützhøft Jesper Lundgaard Jaime Camil Pierce Brosnan
Jeremy Irvine
Bill Austin (Anderson in the film) Nicolas Colicos Ken Marks Ulrich Wiggers Vladimir Khalturin Stellan Skarsgård Peter Oliver Hansen Steven Weber Stellan Skarsgård
Josh Dylan
Harry Bright Paul Clarkson Luke Bongiorno Cusch Jung Oleg Taysaev Colin Firth Lars Oluf Larsen Gordon Kennedy Hamish Linklater Colin Firth
Hugh Skinner
Sophie Sheridan Lisa Stokke Tina Maddigan Katja Berg Natalia Bystrova Amanda Seyfried Kristine Yde Eriksen Stine Henriksen Matilde Zeuner Nielsen Dove Cameron Amanda Seyfried
Sky Andrew Langtree Joe Machota Jörg Neubauer Andrey Kozhan Dominic Cooper Christian Lund René Wormark Corbin Bleu Dominic Cooper
Pepper Neal Wright Mark Price Guido Zarncke Dmitry Bunin (Golovin) Philip Michael Kim Ace Nielsen Benjamin Igens Payson Lewis
Eddie Nigel Harman Michael Benjamin Washington Wolf Wrobel Alexander Davydov Chris Jarvis Silas Holst Jonathan Heegaard Jespersen Rodd Farhadi
Ali Eliza Lumley Sara Inbar Bettina Oswald Anna Guchenkova Ashley Lilley Nadia Barbara Abrahamsen Nadin Reiness Tara Toya Charlotte Mary Wen
Lisa Melissa Gibson Tonya Doran Florence Kasumba Victoria Kanatkina Rachel McDowall Astrid Højgaard Anna Jørgensen Kaack Tiana Okoye

Film adaptations

Mamma Mia! was adapted as a film, produced by Judy Craymer and Gary Goetzman, written by Catherine Johnson directed by Phyllida Lloyd and with Tom Hanks, Rita Wilson, Björn Ulvaeus, and Benny Andersson as executive producers. Meryl Streep stars as Donna Sheridan and Amanda Seyfried as Sophie and Pierce Brosnan as Sam Carmichael. The movie also features Christine Baranski, Dominic Cooper, Colin Firth, Stellan Skarsgård and Julie Walters. It premiered July 18, 2008, in the US. Most of the songs remained intact with the exceptions of "Under Attack", "One of Us", "Knowing Me, Knowing You", and "Thank You for the Music". "Knowing Me, Knowing You" was used as the wedding music and "Thank You for the Music" is sung during the second half of the end credits. The first half is occupied with a "Dancing Queen" reprise and "Waterloo", with a "Mamma Mia" reprise and "I Have a Dream" sung before the credits (though the latter is sung as Sophie mails the invitations at the start of the film). "When All Is Said and Done", a song not used in the musical, was added for the film sung by Sam, Donna, and the company. "Our Last Summer" was used earlier in the movie, with Sophie, Bill, Sam, and Harry singing it. "The Name of the Game", while filmed, was subsequently edited out of the film for the final cut. The song is included in full on the motion picture soundtrack - an abbreviated version of the song and scene appear on the DVD/Blu-ray as a supplement. In addition, "Thank You for the Music" is used as a hidden track, and is performed by Amanda Seyfried.

A sequel to the film titled Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again was released in 2018. It tells the story of how Donna met each of the 3 men who are potentially Sophie's father. "One of Us" and "Knowing Me, Knowing You" are both included in this film.

Mamma Mia! The Party

Following its premier in Stockholm in 2016,[45]Björn Ulvaeus announced that this immersive theatrical and dining experience, inspired by Mamma Mia!, will open at The O2 Arena in London in Spring 2019. The specially adapted venue will be set in a Greek taverna on the island of Skopelos and will feature live musicians and real Mediterranean food.[46]

Awards and nominations

Original West End production

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
1999 Evening Standard Award Ned Sherrin Award for Best Musical Nominated
2000 Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Nominated
Best Actress in a Musical Siobhan McCarthy Nominated
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Jenny Galloway Won
Louise Plowright Nominated
2002 Grammy Award Best Musical Theater Album Nominated

Original Broadway production

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2002 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Book of a Musical Catherine Johnson Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Louise Pitre Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Judy Kaye Nominated
Best Orchestrations Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus and Martin Koch Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Louise Pitre Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Judy Kaye Nominated
Karen Mason Nominated
Drama League Award Distinguished Production of a Musical Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Broadway Musical Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Louise Pitre Nominated
Theatre World Award Outstanding Debut Stage Performance Won

Original North American tour

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2003 Helen Hayes Award Outstanding Non-Resident Production Nominated
Touring Broadway Award Best Musical Score Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus Won


Box office and business

On any given day, there are at least seven performances of Mamma Mia! being performed around the globe.[]

On May 15, 2005, Mamma Mia! surpassed the original Broadway runs of The Sound of Music, The King and I, and Damn Yankees with 1,500 performances.[20] On March 6, 2014, it surpassed Rent to become the 8th longest-running Broadway musical and 9th longest-running show of all time with 5,124 performances,[47][48] then surpassed Beauty and the Beast's 5,462 performances that same year, on December 14, to become Broadway's 7th longest-running musical and 8th longest-running show.[49] The Broadway run ended on September 12, 2015, with its 5,758th performance, and was passed two years later (August 16, 2017) by Wicked to move one spot down in the list of longest-running Broadway shows.[50]

When Mamma Mia! opened in Russia, it received a very positive response.[51] As of January 2008, Mamma Mia! became the longest daily running show in the history of Russian theatre.

Thematic analysis

Mamma Mia! does not only heighten a nostalgic and emotional reactions to the ABBA fans,[52] it has also been celebrated for its feminist overtones. The musical features strong female protagonists living in a strong female-power community.[53] The theme of single motherhood breaks the family stereotype of a child being raised by both parents by showing a different perspective of a family raised single-handedly by a mother, to show that there can still be happiness and love. Having Donna, her two good friends and her daughter, Sophie as the main strong female characters of the musical, it can be seen as an empowerment for women as it celebrates and caters to the rise in liberation of female in the society,[54] female sexuality,[55] refuses to shame Donna for her promiscuity,[56] and because it asserts that women should prioritise following their goals and enjoying their youths over marriage.[57] It also celebrates female friendship,[58] and undermines the importance of fathers in women's lives, prioritising self-actualisation and the role of the mother instead.[59] Librettist Catherine Johnson manages to express these themes through her transformation of ABBA's music, as she turns these somewhat stereotypical songs into empowering ones by having characters of different genders sing them.[60]

See also


  1. ^ "Facts and figures", Retrieved 17 October 2019
  2. ^ a b c d Craymer, Judy (October 2005). "A Truly Original Musical". Souvenir Brochure.
  3. ^ George Rodosthenous (2016). "Mamma Mia! and the Aesthetics of the Twenty-First-Century Jukebox Musical". In Robert Gordon, Olaf Jubin (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of the British Musical. Oxford University Press. p. 625.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Winship, Frederick M. (November 1, 2001). "Mamma Mia: 'Cats' yields to ABBA". UPI.
  5. ^ a b Simon, John (October 29, 2001). "Greek to Me". New York Magazine.
  6. ^ Desk, BWW News. "West End's MAMMA MIA! Will Move to the Novello Theatre".
  7. ^ 'Mamma Mia' listing, accessed February 6, 2010
  8. ^ " 'Mamma Mia!' review", Billboard, April 10, 1999, accessed February 7, 2010
  9. ^ Winn, Steven. "Mamma's' a guilty pleasure for ABBA fans despite its weaknesses", The San Francisco Chronicle, November 18, 2000, p. B1
  10. ^ "Time Out; Fyi", Contra Costa Times (California), December 30, 2000, p.D01
  11. ^ Welsh, Anne Marie. "Pop musical takes a chance on Abba, and it works", The San Diego Union-Tribune, March 1, 2001, p. E2
  12. ^ "B.O. off; 'Monty' suits up", Variety, Legit Grosses; Road; June 4-10, 2001, p. 30
  13. ^ "Broadway's 'Mamma Mia!' Will Transfer to The Broadhurst Theatre", Retrieved 18 April 2013
  14. ^ " 'Mamma Mia!' to Play Final Performance at Winter Garden Theatre on October 19; Begins at Broadhurst on November 2", Retrieved 15 July 2013
  15. ^ "Broadway Record-Breaker 'Mamma Mia!' to Close", April 9, 2015
  16. ^ "Broadway's Mamma Mia! Will Close Later Than Expected", April 21, 2015
  17. ^ "Long-running Toronto Mamma Mia! to close" Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, 18 de marzo de 2005
  18. ^ Weatherford, Mike. "Musical 'Mamma Mia!' rate high in camp value", Las Vegas Review-Journal, 21 February 2003, p. 4J
  19. ^ Gans, Andrew."Vegas Mamma Mia!, with Johnson, Extends to January 2009" Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine. Playbill. 7 January 2008
  20. ^ a b Craymer, Judy; Björn Ulvaeus; Benny Andersson (2006). Mamma Mia! How Can I Resist You?. Littlestar Services. ISBN 0-297-84421-0.
  21. ^ "'Mamma Mia!' closes in less than three months at Tropicana". 2014-07-22. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Mamma Mia! Tour: First National". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Mamma Mia! Tour: Second National". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Complete Casting Announced for Farewell Mamma Mia! Tour". Playbill. September 7, 2016. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "Mamma Mia! to conclude farewell tour at the Fabulous Fox", June 13, 2017
  26. ^ Oliver Oliveros (2012-01-25). "MAMMA MIA! In Manila Extends Till 2/19". Retrieved .
  27. ^ "Mamma Mia! will be staged at the CCP from January 24-February 12, 2012 | The Number One Site for Philippine Showbiz". Retrieved .
  28. ^ "MAMMA MIA! - oficiální web muzikálu".
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-18. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ duka-master. "Mamma Mia!".
  31. ^ "STA: V Beogradu drevi premiera muzikala z West Enda Mamma Mia!".
  32. ^ "MAMMA MIA!". Festival Ljubljana.
  33. ^ jorge (22 June 2015). "Ellos estarán en el musical 'Mamma mia'". Panamá América.
  34. ^ Mamma Mia!
  35. ^ "MAMMA MIA! Cast and Tour Dates Announced - Stage Whispers".
  36. ^ Newsroom, Theatre People (18 June 2018). "Helpmann Award nominations announced!".
  37. ^ Mamma Mia!
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  39. ^ "ETUSIVU - MAMMA MIA! Musikaali". (in Finnish). Retrieved .
  40. ^ "MAMMA MIA! de musical". (in Dutch). Retrieved .
  41. ^ a b Wood, Ximón. "Mamma Mia!". East West Players. Retrieved .
  42. ^ a b c Ramos, Dino-Ray; Ramos, Dino-Ray (2019-05-28). "East West Players Asian-Led Production Of 'Mamma Mia!' Puts Inclusive Casting Center Stage". Deadline. Retrieved .
  43. ^ "MAMMA MIA! The jukebox ABBA musical returns, to East West Players". STAGE RAW - ARTS IN L.A. - SERVED FRESH. 2019-05-28. Retrieved .
  44. ^ Premier. "MAMMA MIA! The Global Smash Hit". Retrieved .
  45. ^ O2, The. "MAMMA MIA! THE PARTY is heading to The O2 - The O2".
  46. ^ "Immersive Mamma Mia! restaurant experience will open at the The O2 in London". Retrieved .
  47. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Mamma Mia! Becomes Ninth Longest-Running Show in Broadway History March 6" Archived 2014-03-07 at the Wayback Machine, March 6, 2014
  48. ^ Gans, Andrew (2008-09-04). "Mamma Mia! to Become 16th-Longest Running Show on Broadway". Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on 2008-09-06. Retrieved .
  49. ^ Levitt, Harvey (2014-12-30). "Mamma Mia! Overtakes Beauty and the Beast as 8th Longest-Running Show on Broadway". Theater Mania. Retrieved .
  50. ^ BW News Desk Staff (2017-08-14). "WICKED Surpasses MAMMA MIA! as 8th Longest-Running Show in Broadway History". Broadway World. Retrieved .
  51. ^ Brown, Isemene. "Mamma Mia! Moscow falls for Abba." The Daily Telegraph. 18 October 2006. Retrieved on 29 October 2011.
  52. ^ Hamilton, Kathy; Wagner, Beverly (2011-12-05). "An exploration of spectacular consumption at the movies: Mamma Mia!". Journal of Customer Behaviour. 10 (4): 375-390. doi:10.1362/147539211x13210329822626. ISSN 1475-3928.
  53. ^ Diana, Bilbao (2011-02-16). "Female Subjectivity and Feminist Aesthetics in Revisions of the Maternal Melodrama". hdl:10166/726. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  54. ^ Graber, Naomi (2015-06-01). "Memories that remain: Mamma Mia! and the disruptive potential of nostalgia". Studies in Musical Theatre. 9 (2): 187-198. doi:10.1386/smt.9.2.187_1. ISSN 1750-3159.
  55. ^ Rodosthenous, George (2016). "Mamma Mia! And The Aesthetics Of The Twenty-First Century Jukebox Musical", in "The Oxford Handbook of the British Musical", eds. Robert Gordon and Olaf Jubin, Oxford University Press, p. 622.
  56. ^ Cox, Gordon (September 3, 2015). "Mamma Mia!' Closing: Broadway's Female-Driven Blockbuster". Variety. Retrieved 2018.
  57. ^ York, Ashley Elaine (2010). "From Chick Flicks to Millennial Blockbusters: Spinning Female-Driven Narratives into Franchises", The Journal of Popular Culture, 43(1), p. 11.
  58. ^ Barnes, Grace (2015). "Her Turn on Stage: The Role of Women in Musical Theatre", McFarland & Company, p. 80.
  59. ^ Key, Kristi Pope. "Mother? Daughter? Dancing Queen?: Embracing a conflicted Feminist vision in Mamma Mia!" (PDF). Retrieved 2018.
  60. ^ Womack, Malcolm (2009). "'Thank You For the Music': Catherine Johnson's feminist revoicings in Mamma Mia!", Studies in Musical Theatre, 3(2), p. 201.

External links

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