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Manhattan Beach is a residential neighborhood in the New York Cityborough of Brooklyn. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, by Sheepshead Bay on the north, and Brighton Beach to the west. Traditionally known as an Italian and Ashkenazi Jewish neighborhood, it is also home to a sizable community of Sephardi Jews and a large Russian Jewish immigrant presence. The area is part of Brooklyn Community Board 15, which is represented by the Manhattan Beach Community Group, established in 1941, and the Manhattan Beach Neighborhood Association, established in 2008. The community's street names, derived from England, are in alphabetical order from A to P (Amherst, Beaumont, Coleridge, Dover, Exeter, Falmouth, through to Pembroke, with Quentin and Reynolds on old maps), with the exception of Ocean Avenue. It is patrolled by the NYPD's 61st Precinct.
The Manhattan Beach hotel
Manhattan Beach was the most upscale of the three major resort areas that developed at Coney Island shortly after the American Civil War; the other two areas are Brighton Beach and West Brighton. It was developed in the last quarter of the 19th century as a resort by Austin Corbin, later president of the Long Island Rail Road, for whom the street Corbin Place was named. In 1877, Corbin built the famous Manhattan Beach Hotel, followed by the even grander Oriental Hotel in 1880. The Coney Island Jockey Club horse racing track opened nearby at the same time as Corbin's Oriental Hotel; together, these three establishments drew thousands of visitors to Manhattan Beach. The hotels held daily concerts led by famous conductors such as Conterno, Gilmore, and John Philip Sousa, and hosted elaborate nightly fireworks displays, drawing tens of thousands of visitors on summer nights and making Manhattan Beach a renowned summer seaside resort. Sousa composed the "Manhattan Beach" march in 1893 to commemorate the beach resort. Corbin, an antisemite who served as the Secretary of the American Society for the Suppression of Jews, barred Jews from the resort.
After the detoriation of the hotel industry in the area, the site of the former Manhattan Beach hotel was developed into a residential area and into Manhattan Beach Park by the New York City Parks Department. Manhattan Beach Park opened to the public in 1955, to alleviate crowding at the neighboring beaches of Coney Island and Brighton Beach, and continues to serve the public today.
The New York City Department of Education operates public schools in the area. Manhattan Beach is zoned to PS 195 Manhattan Beach School for grades K-5 and PS 225, the Eileen E. Zaglin School for grades 6-8. In 1992, special education school PS 771K was opened at this building.
Private schools in the area include the Yeshiva of Manhattan Beach, a Jewish day school for grades K-8, and the Yeshiva Gedolah Bais Shimon of Manhattan Beach, which is a post-high school rabbinical program.
^The New York and Manhattan Beach Railway, LIRR History. Accessed June 4, 2007. "Immediately the whole purpose of the new RR was changed from freight to passenger, in order to service Corbin's proposed line to the site of his immense Manhattan Beach Hotel that was being constructed on the east end of Coney Island."
^Lieberman, Gerlad F. "Brooklyn Survives Without Historian", The New York Times, July 23, 1972. Accessed February 20, 2018. "Justice Leibowitz, long a resident of Manhattan Beach, was born in the East New York section of Brooklyn, a place he describes as a suburb of Brownsville."