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An Early Manifesto on Education
manifesto is a published declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.    A manifesto usually accepts a previously published opinion or  public consensus or promotes a new idea with prescriptive notions for carrying out changes the author believes should be made. It often is political or artistic in nature, but may present an individual's life stance. Manifestos relating to religious belief are generally referred to as creeds.
It is derived from the
Italian word manifesto, itself derived from the Latin manifestum, meaning clear or conspicuous. Its first recorded use in English is from 1620, in Nathaniel Brent's translation of Paolo Sarpi's History of the Council of Trent: "To this citation he made answer by a Manifesto" (p. 102). Similarly, "They were so farre surprised with his Manifesto, that they would never suffer it to be published " (p. 103).
Examples of notable manifestos:
The (1011) Baghdad Manifesto
The (1581) Act of Abjuration The
United States Declaration of Independence (1776)
The (1789) during the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen French Revolution
The Haitian Declaration of Independence (1804) after the Haitian Revolution
The (1812), by Cartagena Manifesto Simón Bolívar
The issued in 1834 by Tamworth Manifesto Sir Robert Peel
The (1848) Declaration of Sentiments
(1848), by The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
The (1850), by Anarchist Manifesto Anselme Bellegarrigue
The dealing with 1890 Manifesto plural marriage, issued by Wilford Woodruff as president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The (1904) dealing with plural marriage, issued by Joseph F. Smith as president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Second Manifesto
The (1905) issued by October Manifesto Nicholas II, in an effort to cease the 1905 Russian Revolution The
(1916) Manifesto of the Sixteen
The , (1917) by Dr. Urmia Manifesto of the United Free Assyria Freydun Atturaya
The in the Argentine Liminar Manifesto University Revolution (1918)
The (1919) Amasya Circular
The (1919), by Fascist Manifesto Alceste De Ambris and Filippo Marinetti
The (1925), by Manifesto of the Anti-Fascist Intellectuals Benedetto Croce
(My Struggle) (1925), by Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler
The (1928), by Cannibal Manifesto Oswald de Andrade
The (1933), by the Regina Manifesto Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
The (1933, 1973, 2003) Humanist Manifesto I, II and III
The Ventotene Manifesto (1941), by Altiero Spinelli and Ernesto Rossi encouraged a federation of European states, which was meant to keep the countries of Europe close, thus preventing war, it is widely seen as the birth of European federalism.
The (1944), by PKWN manifesto Polish Committee of National Liberation
The (1947) describing the basic principles of Oxford Manifesto Liberal International
The (1949), by Objectives Resolution of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan "
The Christian Manifesto" (1950), condemning Protestant missions in China and pledging allegiance to the People's Republic  The
(1955), against Russell-Einstein Manifesto nuclear weapons and war The
(1956), opposing the Supreme Court's decision in Southern Manifesto Brown v. Board of Education
(1957), by Report on the Construction of Situations Guy Debord
The against the Manifesto of the 121 Algerian War (1960)
The (1960), by M. Stanton Evans et al. ( Sharon Statement Young Americans for Freedom)
The (1962), by Port Huron Statement Tom Hayden et al.
The (1968), by SCUM Manifesto Valerie Solanas
(1969), by the Black Economic Development Council, including The Black Manifesto James Forman
The (1971), by Manifesto of the 343 Simone de Beauvoir in which 343 French women admitted to having a (then illegal) abortion
(1973), by For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto Murray Rothbard
(1975), by The Green Book Muammar Gaddafi
(1980), by New Libertarian Manifesto Samuel Edward Konkin III
Guy Verhofstadt's Burgermanifests: I (1981); II (1991); III (1994); IV (2006)
The New Hope for Britain (1983), better known as " The longest suicide note in history", by the UK Labour Party
(1985), by A Cyborg Manifesto Donna Haraway
The (1994), by the Republican candidates for the House of Representatives Contract with America
(1995), by Industrial Society and Its Future Ted Kaczynski, also known as the Unabomber
My Awakening: A Path to Racial Understanding (1998) by David Duke
(2002), by De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars Pim Fortuyn
(2003), by The Companion Species Manifesto Donna Haraway
(2006) by Manifesto on Freedom and Democracy for Vietnam Bloc 8406
The (2006) by Euston Manifesto Group Euston Manifesto
(2009) by Liberty and Tyranny: A Conservative Manifesto Mark Levin
The (2009) by Revolution: A Manifesto Ron Paul
, (2010) Mount Vernon Statement
(2011) by 2083: European Declaration of Independence Anders Behring Breivik
(2012) by The Rich and the Rest of Us: A Poverty Manifesto Tavis Smiley and Cornel West
(2014) by My Sick Twisted World: The Story of Elliot Rodger Elliot Rodger
The (2015) by a "broad coalition of Canadian authors, artists, national leaders and activists" Leap Manifesto
(2015) by The Last Rhodesian Dylann Roof (2018) by The Great Replacement Brenton Harrison Tarrant
MANIFESTE DE LA REVUE D'ART "LE STYLE" [
], published in 1918
The (1886), by Symbolist Manifesto Jean Moreas
The (1909), by Futurist Manifesto Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
(1912), by Du "Cubisme" Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger
(1913), by The Art of Noises Luigi Russolo
The (1914), by Futurist Architecture Manifesto Antonio Sant'Elia (the Manifesto of Futurism)
the BLAST Vorticist manifesto (1914), by Wyndham Lewis
Feminist Manifesto (1914), by Mina Loy
The (1915), by Anti-Dantas Manifesto Almada Negreiros
The Dada Manifesto (1918), by Tristan Tzara
The (1918), by Dada Manifesto Hugo Ball
The (1924), by Surrealist Manifesto André Breton
The (1924), by Suprematist Manifesto Kazimir Malevich 
The Theatre of Cruelty, First Manifesto (1932) by Antonin Artaud The
Free Cinema Manifesto (1956) by Lindsay Anderson Karel Reisz Tony Richardson Lorenza Mazzetti
The Abomunist Manifesto (1959) by Bob Kaufman
The (1960), by Oulipo Manifesto François Le Lionnais
Fluxus manifesto (1961) by George Maciunas "The Revolutionary Theatre" (1965) by
(1969) by The Romantic Manifesto Ayn Rand
(1973) by On the Art of the Cinema Kim Jong-il 
Smell Manifesto: The Thrill of Working with Odours  (1978) by  Guy Bleus
Manifesto of Poetic Eggs, in "Empire of Dreams," (1998 in Spanish, 1994 in English) by Giannina Braschi
(1995) by Dogma 95 Lars von Trier, Thomas Vinterberg, Kristian Levring and Søren Kragh-Jacobsen
Manifesto of Transdisciplinarity (1996) by  Basarab Nicolescu
Minnesota declaration: truth and fact in documentary cinema  (1999), by Werner Herzog
Ethics and social responsibility in graphic design (1999), by First Things First 2000 manifesto: Kalle Lasn & Chris Dixon with Ken Garland. Edited by Rick Poynor
The (2007), Versatilist manifesto by  Denis Mandarino "
Political Erotical Mystical Manifesto" (2011), by Kendell Geers  Ahuman Manifesto: Activism for the End of the Anthropocene (2020) by  Patricia McCormack
Scientific and educational
The (1985), by GNU Manifesto Richard Stallman, an explanation and definition of the goals of the GNU Project
The (1986), by The Mentor aka Hacker's Manifesto Loyd Blankenship
The Debian Manifesto (1993), by  Ian Murdock
A Cypherpunk's Manifesto (1993) by  Eric Hughes
otherwise known as the Unabomber Manifesto (1995), by Industrial Society and Its Future, Ted Kaczynski
(1995), by The Third Manifesto Christopher J. Date and Hugh Darwen, a proposal for relational database management system
(1999) by Rick Levine, Christopher Locke, The Cluetrain Manifesto Doc Searls and David Weinberger
The (2001) Agile Manifesto
(2001) by Ana Kronschnabl, a Pluginmanifesto Web film statement
The (2001) by Hacktivismo Declaration Oxblood Ruffin ( Hacktivismo)
The dotCommunist Manifesto (2003), by  Eben Moglen
The Mozilla Manifesto (2007), by  Mozilla community
The Guerilla (2008) by Open Access Manifesto Aaron Swartz 
Principles of Programming Languages (2007), by  Robert Harper
You Are Not A Gadget: A Manifesto (2010), by Jaron Lanier
The Hardware Hacker Manifesto (2010), by  Cody Brocious
The Reactive Manifesto (2014), by Jonas Bonér, Dave Farley, Roland Kuhn, and Martin Thompson  The BINC Manifesto (2015), by  Lene Andersen and Steen Rasmussen
Merriam-Webster online dictionary definition of Manifesto Archived August 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
"Archived copy" (in German). Archived from the original on September 12, 2013 . Retrieved 2013. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (, article on "Wahlprogramm", literally "election programme". link)
Dictionary.com definition of Manifesto Archived August 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
The Routledge Dictionary of Politics,
Edition 3, Psychology Press, 1890 p. 295 Archived April 25, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, ISBN 0415323770, 9780415323772
Oxford English Dictionary
Oi Ki Ling (1999). . Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 149. The Changing Role of the British Protestant Missionaries in China, 1945-1952 ISBN . 978-0-8386-3776-0
Malevich, Kazimir. "Suprematist Manifesto Unovis". Scrib.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
MacKenzie, Scott (2014). . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 506. Film Manifestos and Global Cinema Cultures: A Critical Anthology ISBN – via ProQuest ebrary. 9780520957411
 Bleus, Guy. Smell Manifesto: The Thrill of Working with Odours, 1978.
www.artpool.hu Olfactive installation, 1998.
"La Transdisciplinarité - Manifeste". Nicol.club.fr. Archived from the original on February 19, 2009 . Retrieved 2012.
"Werner Herzog Film: Home". Wernerherzog.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2012 . Retrieved 2012.
Luko, C. S. (2011). "Reflections on the versatilist manifesto" (in Portuguese). USP. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013 . Retrieved 2014.
^ Critical Arts: A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 27(6), An Van Dienderen & Kris Rutten, 2013, p. 655-660.
MacCormack, Patricia,. . London. The ahuman manifesto : activism for the end of the Anthropocene ISBN . 978-1-350-08113-0 OCLC 1128727678. CS1 maint: extra punctuation ( link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link)
"Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it". Archived from the original on January 11, 2013 . Retrieved 2013.
"UNESCO Public Library Manifesto". Unesco.org. Unesco. Archived from the original on May 6, 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
"A Brief History of Debian - The Debian Manifesto". Debian.org. December 31, 2011. Archived from the original on April 30, 2012 . Retrieved 2012.
"A Cypherpunk's Manifesto". Archived from the original on February 20, 2014 . Retrieved 2014.
"The dotCommunist Manifesto". Archived from the original on December 2, 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
"The Mozilla Manifesto". Mozilla.org . Retrieved 2012.
. Guerilla Open Access Manifesto . https://archive.org/ Archived from the original on March 28, 2017 . Retrieved 2017.
"15-312 Principles of Programming Languages". Cs.cmu.edu. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012 . Retrieved 2012.
"The Hardware Hacker Manifesto - I, Hacker". Daeken.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012 . Retrieved 2012.
"The Reactive Manifesto". Archived from the original on September 20, 2014 . Retrieved 2014.
"The BINC Manifesto". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 . Retrieved 2016.