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|Repeating Rifle Muster 1888|
Mannlicher M1888 rifle, from the collections of the Swedish Army Museum.
|Place of origin||Austria-Hungary|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||Chilean Civil War|
First Sino-Japanese War
International intervention on the island of Crete
Second Boer War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
Russian Civil War
Austro-Slovene conflict in Carinthia
Revolutions and interventions in Hungary
Retaking of Czech Borderland (1918-1919)
Pacification of Libya
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
Spanish Civil War
Sudeten German uprising 1938
World War II (limited)
Greek Civil War
1948 Palestine war
|Designer||Ferdinand von Mannlicher|
|Manufacturer||Steyr-Mannlicher, Fegyver És Gépgyár|
|Variants||M1888-90, M1888-95, M1888/24|
|Mass||4.41 kg (9.7 lb)|
|Length||1,280 mm (50 in)|
|Barrel length||765 mm (30.1 in)|
M88-90 and M88-95: 8×50mmR
M88/24: 8×57mm IS
|Action||Straight-pull bolt action|
|Muzzle velocity||530 metres per second (1,700 ft/s) with M1888 ball cartridge|
|Feed system||5-round en-bloc clip (stripper clip in M88/24), integral box magazine|
The Repeating Rifle Mannlicher 1888 better known as Mannlicher M1888 was a bolt-action rifle used by several armies from 1888 to 1945. Derived from the M1885 and later M1886 models, it was Ferdinand Mannlicher's third rifle that utilized the "enbloc clip".
The M1888 was a direct and immediate descendant of the M1886 Austrian Mannlicher. This rifle too was a straight-pull, bolt-action, box magazine repeater. As early as the beginning of production of the M1886 the need and desirability for a small-bore rifle was evident. This rifle is virtually identical to its predecessor but for chambering a newly designed 8 mm cartridge, loaded originally with black powder and denominated 8×52mmR.
Shortly thereafter, the M88 cartridge was converted to semi-smokeless powder. The new cartridge was designated 8mm M.1890 scharfe Patrone and its dimensions were 8×50mmR. The sights of existing black powder 8mm Mannlicher rifles were converted to accommodate semi-smokeless ammunition by the functional arrangement of screw mounting re-graduated sideplates onto the outsides of the existing rear sight walls. The converted rifles were denominated M.88-90.
When in 1890 semi-smokeless powder became available, manufacture of rifles with a longer and thus stronger chamber and modified sights began. Although the smokeless powder filled M.93 8×50mmR cartridge can be used in this rifle, the generated pressure at 40,000 psi (275.8 MPa) is marginal, as the wedge-lock bolt system this rifle uses was originally designed to be shot with less potent black powder filled 11×58mmR ammunution.
China also used this rifle extensively during the Qing dynasty and the Republican era. China first bought Mannlicher 88 rifles before the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894-1895 and after that started production of the unlicensed Kuaili 1888 Kiangnan copy.