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|English: Noble Hymn of the Tagalog Nation|
National anthem of Tagalog Republic (1896-1897)
|Lyrics||Julio Nakpil, 1896|
Original Tagalog lyrics
|Music||Julio Nakpil, 1896|
The Marangál na Dalit ng? Katagalugan (English title: Noble Hymn of the Tagalog Nation) was the historic national anthem of the Tagalog Republic and is considered the first national anthem of the Philippines. It was later titled Salve Patria ("Hail, Fatherland"). Julio Nakpil composed the anthem in November 1896 during the Philippine Revolution.
The piece was composed by Nakpil upon request of Andres Bonifacio to celebrate the founding of the Katipunan. It first played in the vicinity of Balara in November 1896. While the hymn was originally intended only for the Katipunan, it eventually became the anthem for the Tagalog Republic. In 1903, Nakpil reworked his "Marangal na Dalit" as tribute to Jose Rizal under the title "Salve, Patria," but the only surviving copies of the original score were destroyed in 1945, during the Battle of Manila (1945). The current version was reconstructed by Nakpil from memory when he was in his eighties.
|Tagalog||English translation||Spanish Translation|
Mabuhay, Mabuhay yaong Kalayaan, Kalayaan
Long live, long live, this liberty, liberty
Viva!, Viva, nuestra libertad, la libertad
When General Emilio Aguinaldo assumed control as President in 1897, the anthem was replaced with Lupang Hinirang, which was composed in 1898 by Julián Felipe. It is still the national anthem of the Philippines, and was legally defined as such in 1998.