Marblehead, Ohio
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Marblehead, Ohio
Marblehead, Ohio
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Coordinates: 41°32?5?N 82°43?45?W / 41.53472°N 82.72917°W / 41.53472; -82.72917Coordinates: 41°32?5?N 82°43?45?W / 41.53472°N 82.72917°W / 41.53472; -82.72917
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyOttawa
TownshipDanbury
Government
 o MayorJacqueline Bird
Area
 o Total4.16 sq mi (10.77 km2)
 o Land3.17 sq mi (8.21 km2)
 o Water0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
Elevation627 ft (191 m)
Population
 o Total903
 o Estimate 
(2019)[4]
864
 o Density272.56/sq mi (105.23/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43440
Area code(s)419
FIPS code39-47502[5]
GNIS feature ID1065723[2]
Websitewww.marbleheadvillageohio.com
The Marblehead Lighthouse at the end of the Marblehead Peninsula and the entrance to Sandusky Bay from Lake Erie.

Marblehead is a village in Ottawa County, Ohio, United States. The population was 903 at the 2010 census.

It sits at the tip of the Marblehead Peninsula,[6] which divides Lake Erie proper from Sandusky Bay. Marblehead is part of the area that is referred to regionally as Vacationland (which includes nearby Sandusky and the Lake Erie Islands), due to the large number of tourists who flock to the area in the summer months. It remains a popular vacation destination due to its lake frontage, ferry service to the Lake Erie Islands, quality sport fishery, the nearby Lakeside Chautauqua, and the Cedar Point amusement park. Marblehead is also home to the Lakeside Daisy State Nature Preserve, home to the only natural U.S. population of the Lakeside Daisy, an endangered species.

Marblehead is home to the Marblehead Lighthouse, the oldest continuously-operating lighthouse on the American side of the Great Lakes. The lighthouse is a part of the Marblehead Lighthouse State Park located within the village. Marblehead is also home to a United States Coast Guard station. Nearby, in Sandusky Bay, is Johnson's Island, a former Confederate officer prisoner of war camp during the Civil War.

Marblehead is also commercially important as a major limestone producer. The limestone is mined in nearby quarries and transported by conveyor belt to the Marblehead loading dock, where it is loaded on commercial lake freighters. The blocks of stone used to construct the Stannard Rock Light on Lake Superior were cut at Marblehead and hauled to the site from 1877 to 1881.[7]

Geography

Marblehead is located at 41°32?05?N 82°43?45?W / 41.534668°N 82.729119°W / 41.534668; -82.729119.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), of which 3.31 square miles (8.57 km2) is land and 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2) is water.[9]

Climate

Marblehead, as with much of the Great Lakes region, has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), characterized by four distinct seasons. Lake Erie moderates the climate, especially in late spring and fall, when air and water temperature differences are maximal. Fall temperatures tend to be warmer than the inland areas, while spring temperatures tend to be cooler than inland areas. However, this effect is lessened in the winter because Lake Erie (unlike the other Great Lakes) usually freezes over, coupled with prevailing winds that are often westerly.

The warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 73.2 °F (22.9 °C). January has the lowest average temperature of the year of 24.6 °F (-4.1 °C). The driest month is February, with 1.7 inches (44 mm) of precipitation. With an average of 3.7 inches (94 mm), the most precipitation falls in June. [10]

Climate data for Marblehead, Ohio [Historical Weather Data (1982-2012)]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 31.8 34.2 43.9 56.3 67.8 78.1 82.4 80.8 74.1 62.4 48.9 36.7 58.1
Daily mean °F 24.6 26.6 36.0 47.5 58.6 68.9 73.2 71.8 64.8 53.2 41.7 30.2 49.8
Average low °F 17.6 19.0 28.0 38.7 49.6 59.7 64.2 62.8 55.6 44.2 34.5 23.9 41.5
Average precipitation inches 1.9 1.7 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 34
Average high °C -0.1 1.2 6.6 13.5 19.9 25.6 28 27.1 23.4 16.9 9.4 2.6 14.5
Daily mean °C -4.1 -3.0 2.2 8.6 14.8 20.5 22.9 22.1 18.2 11.8 5.4 -1.0 9.9
Average low °C -8.0 -7.2 -2.2 3.7 9.8 15.4 17.9 17.1 13.1 6.8 1.4 -4.5 5.3
Average precipitation mm 49 44 66 79 85 94 89 88 78 56 72 66 866
Source: <Climate-Data.org="">"MARBLEHEAD CLIMATE". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2020.</ref>

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 903 people, 417 households, and 285 families living in the village. The population density was 272.8 inhabitants per square mile (105.3/km2). There were 942 housing units at an average density of 284.6 per square mile (109.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 417 households, of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.57.

The median age in the village was 55.7 years. 15.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.5% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 28.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 762 people, 332 households, and 239 families living in the village. The population density was 268.9 people per square mile (104.0/km2). There were 973 housing units at an average density of 343.3 per square mile (132.7/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.90% White, 0.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.66% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 332 households, out of which 18.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.68.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 16.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.3% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $46,528, and the median income for a family was $52,250. Males had a median income of $39,688 versus $24,545 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,184. About 3.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Marblehead's economy benefits from its lakefront situation, with its fishing, boating, and recreational tourism industries providing employment opportunities for many locals. Marblehead and surrounding attractions in Ottawa and Erie County are collectively known to visitors as "Vacationland," or more recently, Lake Erie's "Shores and Islands." The regional tourist economy is anchored by attractions like Cedar Point, Put-in-Bay, and Kelleys Island. Marblehead is the primary mainland port of the Kelleys Island Ferry Boat Line, the main passenger and vehicle ferry to Kelleys Island. Nearby Lakeside Chautauqua and Bay Point Resort serve as lakefront destinations as well. Marblehead contains many summer and second homes that residents of nearby Toledo, Cleveland, and Columbus visit during the tourist season.

Quarrying is also a large part of Marblehead's economy as it is a major limestone producer in the region. Lafarge Quarry, located in the interior of the peninsula, mines and transports quarries via the Marblehead loading dock.

Education

Marblehead, in addition to neighboring Danbury Township, is served by the Danbury Local School District. It operates one elementary school (Danbury Elementary), one middle school (Danbury Middle), and one high school (Danbury High).

Marblehead also contains the Marblehead Peninsula Branch of the Ida Rupp Public Library System.

Media

Marblehead is part of the Sandusky/Lake Erie Islands radio market and is included as part of the Toledo TV market. Some Canadian radio stations, such as 89X in Windsor, can be received in Marblehead.

Marblehead is served by radio by WPCR - PortClintonRadio.com, "Ottawa County's News, Sports, and Weather Authority." This internet exclusive radio station carries live local sporting events, weather, and fishing reports as well as locally produced programs.

Marblehead is served in print by The Beacon and the Port Clinton News-Herald, which serve Ottawa County. The village is also covered by the Sandusky Register, which is the region's largest newspaper.

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Marblehead Peninsula
  7. ^ Oleszewski, Wes(1999), Lighthouse Adventures: Heroes, haunts, & havoc on the Great Lakes, pp. 21 - 37, Avery Color Studios, Inc, Gwinn, Michigan, USA, ISBN 1892384019
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Marblehead climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Marblehead weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved 2015.

External links


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Marblehead,_Ohio
 



 



 
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