Maroon ( m?-ROON,) is a dark brownish red or dark reddish purple color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut. "Maron" is also the French translation for "brown".
More sources in 2020 describe maroon as dark brownish red than as dark reddish purple. Lexico online dictionary defines it as brownish-red. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines it as a dark reddish-purple color although on the same page under its "American Dictionary" section, which details differences between a word's usage in the United States compared to the U.K., it is defined it as dark brown-red suggesting a slight difference in perception in the U.K. versus in North America. Dictionary.com, which chiefly uses American spellings for words, defines it as dark-brownish red. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary simply defines it as dark red. The website "Color Psychology Meaning" defines maroon as "a variant of red, a dark red brown color" but in describing what a person's favourite color means about a person it lists maroon and burgundy together, although it defines burgundy as a more red purplish color in which higher levels of blue have been added to get more of a purplish tone. The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as "a brownish crimson (strong red) or claret (a deep shade of red) color."
The word "maroon" derives from the French marron, meaning chestnut.
In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half, and is the complement of the web color called teal.
Maroon is derived from Frenchmarron ("chestnut"), itself from the Italianmarrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.
The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.
Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923. In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.
Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon in sRGB is R=115, G=24, B=44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.
Maroon and gold are the official colors of the Minnesota State Patrol.
Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold, and maroon and blue.
Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.
^Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish".
^According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu sv?tru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Ei?enija & Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC3085262.