Maroon ( m?-ROON,) is a dark brownish red or dark reddish purple color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut. "Maron" is also the French translation for "brown".
According to multiple dictionaries, there are variabilities in defining the color maroon. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines maroon as a dark reddish-purple color while its "American Dictionary" section defines maroon as dark brown-red. This suggests slight perceptual differences in the U.K. versus North America. Lexico online dictionary defines maroon as a brownish-red.  Similarly, Dictionary.com defines maroon as a dark-brownish red. The Oxford English Dictionary describes maroon as "a brownish crimson (strong red) or claret (a deep shade of red) color," while the Merriam-Webster online dictionary simply defines it as a dark red.
The word "maroon" derives from the French marron, meaning chestnut.
In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half. It is also noted that maroon is the complement of the web color called teal.
Maroon is derived from Frenchmarron ("chestnut"), itself from the Italianmarrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.
The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.
Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923. In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.
Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon in sRGB is R=115, G=24, B=44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.
Maroon and gold are the official colors of the Minnesota State Patrol.
Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold, and maroon and blue.
Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.
^Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish".
^According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu sv?tru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009.Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Ei?enija & Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC3085262.