Martha Argerich
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Martha Argerich
Martha Argerich
Martha argerich photo.jpg
Argerich in 2015
Background information
Born (1941-06-05) June 5, 1941 (age 77)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
GenresClassical
Pianist
InstrumentsPiano

Martha Argerich (Spanish pronunciation: ['ma?ta a?xe'?it?]; born June 5, 1941) is an Argentine classical concert pianist.[1][2][3][4]

Early life and education

Argerich aged 21, in 1962

Argerich was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.[5] Her paternal ancestors were Catalans based in Buenos Aires since the 18th century. Her maternal grandparents were Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire, who settled in Colonia Villa Clara in the Entre Ríos province--one of the colonies established by Baron de Hirsch and the Jewish Colonization Association.[6][7] The provenance of the name Argerich is Catalonia, Spain. She started playing the piano at age three. At the age of five, she moved to teacher Vincenzo Scaramuzza, who stressed to her the importance of lyricism and feeling. Argerich gave her debut concert in 1949 at the age of eight.

The family moved to Europe in 1955, where Argerich studied with Friedrich Gulda in Austria. Juan Perón, then the president of Argentina, made their decision possible by appointing her parents to diplomatic posts in the Argentine Embassy in Vienna. She later studied with Stefan Askenase and Maria Curcio.[8] Argerich also seized opportunities for brief periods of coaching with Madeleine Lipatti (widow of Dinu Lipatti), Abbey Simon, and Nikita Magaloff.[9] In 1957, at sixteen, she won both the Geneva International Music Competition and the Ferruccio Busoni International Competition within three weeks of each other. It was at the latter that she met Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, whom she would later seek out for lessons during a personal artistic crisis at the age of twenty, though she only had four lessons with him in a year and a half.[10][11] Her greatest influence was Gulda, with whom she studied for 18 months.

Professional career

Argerich performed her debut concert at the age of 8, playing Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 20 in D minor and Beethoven's First Piano Concerto in C major.[12] Argerich rose to international prominence when she won the seventh International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw in 1965, at age 24. In that same year, she debuted in the United States in Lincoln Center's Great Performers Series. In 1960, she had made her first commercial recording, which included works by Chopin, Brahms, Ravel, Prokofiev, and Liszt; it received critical acclaim upon its release in 1961. In 1967, she recorded Chopin's Polonaise, Op. 53.

Argerich performing at the Kirchner Cultural Centre, July 2015

Argerich has often remarked in interviews of feeling "lonely" on stage during solo performances.[13] Since the 1980s, she has staged few solo performances, concentrating instead on concertos and, in particular, chamber music, and collaborating with instrumentalists in sonatas. One notable compilation pairs Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 (recorded in December 1982 with the Radio Symphonie-Orchester Berlin under the direction of Riccardo Chailly) with Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 (February 1980, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Kirill Kondrashin).

Argerich has also promoted younger pianists, both through her annual festival and through her appearances as a member of the jury at international competitions.[14][15][16] The pianist Ivo Pogoreli? was thrust into the musical spotlight partly as a result of Argerich's actions: after he was eliminated in the third round of the 1980 International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw, Argerich proclaimed him a genius and left the jury in protest.[17] She has supported several artists including Gabriela Montero, Mauricio Vallina, Sergio Tiempo, Gabriele Baldocci, Christopher Falzone[18] and others.[19][20]

Argerich is the president of the International Piano Academy Lake Como and performs annually at the Lugano Festival.[21] She has also created and been a General Director of the Argerich Music Festival and Encounter in Beppu, Japan, since 1996.

Argerich performing at the Kirchner Cultural Centre, July 2015

Her aversion to the press and publicity has resulted in her remaining out of the limelight for most of her career. Nevertheless, she is widely recognized as one of the greatest pianists in history.[22][23][24][25]

Her performance of Liszt's First Piano Concerto conducted by Daniel Barenboim at The Proms 2016 prompted this review in The Guardian: "It was an unforgettable performance. Argerich celebrated her 75th birthday in June this year, but that news doesn't seem to have reached her fingers. Her playing is still as dazzling, as frighteningly precise, as it has always been; her ability to spin gossamer threads of melody as matchless as ever. This was unmistakably and unashamedly Liszt in the grand manner, a bit old-fashioned and sometimes even a bit vulgar at times, but in this of all concertos, with Barenboim and the orchestra following each twist and turn, every little quickening and moment of expressive reflection, it seemed entirely appropriate."[26]

Personal life

Martha Argerich presents herself, 2018

Argerich has been married three times. Her first marriage, to composer-conductor Robert Chen (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chén Liàngsh?ng),[27] and with whom she had a daughter, violist Lyda Chen-Argerich,[28] ended in 1964.[29] From 1969 to 1973, Argerich was married to Swiss conductor Charles Dutoit, with whom she had a daughter, Annie Dutoit. Argerich continues to record and perform with Dutoit. In the 1970s she was also briefly married to pianist Stephen Kovacevich,[30] with whom she has a daughter, Stéphanie.[29]

Health

In 1990, Argerich was diagnosed with malignant melanoma. After treatment, the cancer went into remission, but there was a recurrence in 1995, eventually metastasizing to her lungs and lymph nodes. Following an experimental treatment at the John Wayne cancer institute in Santa Monica pioneered by oncologist Donald Morton, Argerich's cancer went into remission again. In gratitude, Argerich performed a Carnegie Hall recital benefiting the Institute.[31] As of 2017, Argerich remains cancer-free.[32]

Media

In 2002, director Georges Gachot [de] released Martha Argerich, Evening Conversation, a documentary film about Argerich.[33]

Stéphanie Argerich Blagojevic directed a documentary film about her mother, Bloody Daughter, based on film shot since her childhood.[34]

Awards

See also

References

  1. ^ "The 25 best piano players of all time". Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "Review: Martha Argerich remains the greatest living pianist". Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "Martha Argerich". www.gramophone.co.uk. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Steinway Legends: Martha Argerich - Martha Argerich - Release Info - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ Tommasini, Anthony (2000-03-25). "An Enigmatic Pianist Reclaims Her Stardom". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "La vida de una pianista única: "Martha Argerich" por Moshé Korin". Lavozylaopinion.com.ar. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Portrait : Martha Argerich - Arts-Scènes". Owl-ge.ch. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Niel Immelman (14 April 2009). "The Guardian, 14 April 2009". London: Guardian. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Manildi, Donald Musician of the Year 2001 Martha Argerich, "Musical America", 2001
  10. ^ Elder, Dean. Excerpts from a Rare Interview with Argerich. accessed 19 January 2010.
  11. ^ Andrew Clark (2011-07-08). "Strains of mood music". Financial Times. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Martha Argerich (Piano) - Short Biography". Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "About". Chopin International Competition. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ "Jury". ASU Competition. Archived from the original on 21 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ "Ninth Competition". Arthur Rubinstein Competition. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Stevenson, Joseph.Allmusic Biography of Ivo Pogorelich accessed 18 January 2010
  18. ^ "Classicalrecitals". YouTube. 2009-11-03. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Progetto Martha Argerich" (in Italian). Rsi.ch. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "Progetto Martha Argerich" (in Italian). Rsi.ch. Archived from the original on 2010-12-30. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Progetto Martha Argerich" (in Italian). .rsi.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-11-04. Retrieved .
  22. ^ Ross, Alex (12 November 2001). "Madame X". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014.
  23. ^ Tommasini, Anthony (20 March 2005). "Classical Music: Recordings; Boisterous Beethoven, Brooding Brahms". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014.
  24. ^ Carrizo, Rodrigo (2013-01-24). "Examining a Martha-daughter relationship - SWI". Swissinfo.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved .
  25. ^ In a 2001 article about Martha Argerich for The New Yorker, critic Alex Ross wrote: "Argerich brings to bear qualities that are seldom contained in one person: she is a pianist of brain-teasing technical agility; she is a charismatic woman with an enigmatic reputation; she is an unaffected interpreter whose native language is music. This last may be the quality that sets her apart. A lot of pianists play huge double octaves; a lot of pianists photograph well. But few have the unerring naturalness of phrasing that allows them to embody the music rather than interpret it."
  26. ^ "West-Eastern Divan Orchestra/Barenboim/Argerich review - extraordinary in every respect". The Guardian. 2016-08-18. Retrieved .
  27. ^ ""?"". News.163.com. Retrieved .
  28. ^ "Lyda Chen-Argerich, violinist". Sens Management. Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ a b Hauptfuhrer, Fred; Vespa, Mary (1980-04-07). "A Top Woman Pianist, Martha Argerich, Nearly Gave Up Her Steinway for Steno". people.com. Retrieved .
  30. ^ "Martha Argerich Speaks to Stephen Kovacevich". Gramophone.co.uk. November 2008. Retrieved .
  31. ^ Toronto Globe and Mail, concert review, March 28, 2000
  32. ^ Midgette, Anne; Midgette, Anne (2016-12-01). "Martha Argerich is a legend of the classical music world. But she doesn't act like one". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved .
  33. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0384318/
  34. ^ Leslie Felperin (2015-04-30). "Argerich review - a daughter's honest portrait of her classical-pianist mother". The Guardian. Retrieved .
  35. ^ "Storia del Concorso - Fondazione Concorso Pianistico Internazionale Ferruccio Busoni". Concorsobusoni.it. Archived from the original on 2009-11-14. Retrieved .
  36. ^ "Gramophone Hall of Fame : Artists Page". Gramophone.co.uk. Retrieved 2012.
  37. ^ "The Kennedy Center Honors". Kennedy-center.org. Retrieved .
  38. ^ "Concerto in onore di Zubin Mehta". Presidenza della Repubblica (Italy). 24 October 2018. Retrieved .

External links


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