|Maryland's 8th congressional district|
Maryland's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Area||297.06 sq mi (769.4 km2)|
During redistricting after the 2000 census, the Democratic-dominated Maryland legislature sought to unseat then-incumbent Republican Connie Morella. One proposal went so far as to divide the district in two, effectively giving one to state Senator Christopher Van Hollen, Jr. and forcing then-incumbent Connie Morella to run against popular Maryland State Delegate and Kennedy political family member Mark Kennedy Shriver. The final redistricting plan was less ambitious, restoring an eastern, heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County removed in the 1990 redistricting to the 8th District, as well as adding an adjacent portion from heavily Democratic Prince George's County located in Maryland's 5th congressional district. Although it forced Van Hollen and Shriver to run against each other in an expensive primary, the shift still made the district even more Democratic than its predecessor, and Van Hollen defeated Morella in 2002.
From 2003 to 2013 the district mostly consisted of the larger part of Montgomery County, also including a small portion of Prince George's County. The district now includes most of Frederick County (but not the City of Frederick), southern Carroll County, and a swath of Montgomery County that narrows in the north and then widens in the south to encompass nearly all of the area "inside the beltway." The redrawn district is slightly less Democratic than its predecessor. While the Carroll and Frederick portions of the districts tilt strongly Republican, the Montgomery County portion has twice as many people as the rest of the district combined, and Montgomery's Democratic tilt is enough to keep the district in the Democratic column.
When Van Hollen left his seat in a successful bid to succeed Barbara Mikulski in the U.S. Senate, Jamie Raskin won the Democratic primary (and a less-contested general election) to take over the seat. The primary campaign was the most expensive House race in 2016, due primarily to the large amounts spent by wealthy businessman and runner-up David Trone.
|Republican||Gilbert Gude (Incumbent)||109,167||60.89|
|Democratic||Margaret C. Schweinhaut||70,109||39.11|
|Republican||Gilbert Gude (Incumbent)||104,647||63.38|
|Democratic||Thomas Hale Boggs, Jr.||60,456||36.62|
|Republican||Gilbert Gude (Incumbent)||137,287||63.90|
|Democratic||Joseph G. Anastasi||77,551||36.10|
|Republican||Gilbert Gude (Incumbent)||104,675||65.92|
|Democratic||Michael D. Barnes||81,851||51.27|
|Republican||Newton Steers (Incumbent)||77,807||48.73|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent)||148,301||59.33|
|Democratic||Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent)||121,761||71.34|
|Republican||Elizabeth W. Spencer||48,910||28.66|
|Democratic||Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent)||181,947||71.47|
|Libertarian||Samuel K. Grove||1,903||0.75|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||172,619||62.75|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||130,059||73.53|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||203,377||72.53|
|Democratic||Edward J. Heffernan||77,042||27.47|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||143,449||70.28|
|Democratic||Steven Van Grack||60,660||29.72|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||152,538||61.22|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||133,145||60.34|
|Democratic||Ralph G. Neas||87,497||39.66|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||156,241||52.00|
|Constitution||Brian D. Saunders||7,017||2.34|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen||112,788||51.74|
|Republican||Connie Morella (Incumbent)||103,587||47.52|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||215,129||74.91|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||168,872||76.52|
|Republican||Jeffrey M. Stein||48,324||21.90|
|Green||Gerard P. Giblin||3,298||1.49|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||229,740||75.08|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||153,613||73.27|
|Republican||Michael Lee Philips||52,421||25.00|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||217,531||63.37|
|Republican||Kenneth R. Timmerman||113,033||32.93|
|Democratic||Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent)||136,722||60.74|
|Democratic||Jamie Raskin (Incumbent)||217,679||68.2|
District created in 1793.
|Electoral history||District location|
William Vans Murray
|Pro-Administration||March 4, 1793 -
March 3, 1795
|Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
|Federalist||March 4, 1795 -|
March 3, 1797
|Federalist||March 4, 1797 -
March 3, 1805
|Elected in 1796.|
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
|Federalist||March 4, 1805 -
March 3, 1817
|Elected in 1804.|
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
|4||Thomas Bayly||Federalist||March 4, 1817 -
March 3, 1823
|Elected in 1816.|
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
|5||John S. Spence||Adams-Clay
|March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
|18th||Elected in 1822.
|6||Robert N. Martin||Anti-Jacksonian||March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
|19th||Elected in 1824.|
|7||Ephraim King Wilson||Anti-Jacksonian||March 4, 1827 -
March 3, 1829
|Re-elected in 1826.|
Re-elected in 1829.
|Jackson||March 4, 1829 -|
March 3, 1831
|8||John S. Spence||Anti-Jacksonian||March 4, 1831 -
March 3, 1833
|22nd||Elected in 1831.|
|9||John T. Stoddert||Jackson||March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
|23rd||Elected in 1833.
|Seat abolished in 1835.|
|Seat reinstated in 1967.|
|Republican||January 3, 1967 -
January 3, 1977
|Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
|Republican||January 3, 1977 -
January 3, 1979
|95th||Elected in 1976.|
Michael D. Barnes
|Democratic||January 3, 1979 -
January 3, 1987
|Elected in 1978.|
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Republican||January 3, 1987 -
January 3, 2003
|Elected in 1986.|
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Lost re-election after redistricting.
Chris Van Hollen
|Democratic||January 3, 2003 -
January 3, 2017
|Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Montgomery, Prince George's
Montgomery, Frederick, Carroll
|Democratic||January 3, 2017 -
|Elected in 2016.|
Re-elected in 2018.
There are currently three living former members who represented the district. The most recent representative to die was Gilbert Gude (served 1967-1977) on May 28, 2007. The most recently serving representative to die was Newton Steers (served 1977-1979) on February 11, 1993.
|Representative||Years served||Date of birth|
|Michael D. Barnes||1979-1987||September 3, 1943|
|Connie Morella||1987-2003||February 12, 1931|
|Chris Van Hollen||2003-2017||January 10, 1959|