Maryland's 8th Congressional District
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Maryland's 8th Congressional District

Maryland's 8th congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Area297.06 sq mi (769.4 km2)
Distribution
  • 88.08% urban
  • 11.92% rural
Population (2010)756,076
Median income$100,953[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+14[2]

Maryland's 8th congressional district stretches from the northern Washington, D.C. suburbs north towards the Pennsylvania border. The district is currently represented by Democrat Jamie Raskin.

History

The district was created after the 1790 census in time for the 1792 election, was abolished after the 1830 census, and was reinstated after the 1960 census.

During redistricting after the 2000 census, the Democratic-dominated Maryland legislature sought to unseat then-incumbent Republican Connie Morella[]. One proposal went so far as to divide the district in two, effectively giving one to state Senator Christopher Van Hollen, Jr. and forcing then-incumbent Connie Morella to run against popular Maryland State Delegate and Kennedy political family member Mark Kennedy Shriver[]. The final redistricting plan was less ambitious, restoring an eastern, heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County removed in the 1990 redistricting to the 8th District[], as well as adding an adjacent portion from heavily Democratic Prince George's County located in Maryland's 5th congressional district. Although it forced Van Hollen and Shriver to run against each other in an expensive primary, the shift still made the district even more Democratic than its predecessor, and Van Hollen defeated Morella in 2002.

From 2003 to 2013 the district mostly consisted of the larger part of Montgomery County, also including a small portion of Prince George's County. The district now includes most of Frederick County (but not the City of Frederick), southern Carroll County, and a swath of Montgomery County that narrows in the north and then widens in the south to encompass nearly all of the area "inside the beltway." The redrawn district is slightly less Democratic than its predecessor. While the Carroll and Frederick portions of the districts tilt strongly Republican, the Montgomery County portion has twice as many people as the rest of the district combined, and Montgomery's Democratic tilt is enough to keep the district in the Democratic column.

When Van Hollen left his seat in a successful bid to succeed Barbara Mikulski in the U.S. Senate, Jamie Raskin won the Democratic primary (and a less-contested general election) to take over the seat. The primary campaign was the most expensive House race in 2016, due primarily to the large amounts spent by wealthy businessman and runner-up David Trone.[3]

Recent elections

Maryland's 8th congressional district election (new district), 1966[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Gilbert Gude 71,050 54.40
Democratic Royce Hanson 59,568 45.60
Total votes 130,618 100.00
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1968[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Gilbert Gude (Incumbent) 109,167 60.89
Democratic Margaret C. Schweinhaut 70,109 39.11
Total votes 179,276 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1970[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Gilbert Gude (Incumbent) 104,647 63.38
Democratic Thomas Hale Boggs, Jr. 60,456 36.62
Total votes 165,103 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1972[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Gilbert Gude (Incumbent) 137,287 63.90
Democratic Joseph G. Anastasi 77,551 36.10
Total votes 214,838 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1974[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Gilbert Gude (Incumbent) 104,675 65.92
Democratic Sidney Kramer 54,112 34.08
Total votes 158,787 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1976[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Newton Steers 111,274 46.82
Democratic Lanny Davis 100,343 42.22
Independent Robin Ficker 26,035 10.96
Total votes 237,652 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1978[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes 81,851 51.27
Republican Newton Steers (Incumbent) 77,807 48.73
Total votes 159,658 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1980[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent) 148,301 59.33
Republican Newton Steers 101,659 40.67
Total votes 249,960 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1982[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent) 121,761 71.34
Republican Elizabeth W. Spencer 48,910 28.66
Total votes 170,671 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1984[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (Incumbent) 181,947 71.47
Republican Albert Ceccone 70,715 27.78
Libertarian Samuel K. Grove 1,903 0.75
Write-ins 4 <0.01
Total votes 254,569 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1986[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella 92,917 52.87
Democratic Stewart Bainum 82,825 47.13
Total votes 175,742 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1988[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 172,619 62.75
Democratic Peter Franchot 102,478 37.25
Total votes 275,097 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1990[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 130,059 73.53
Democratic James Walker 39,343 22.24
Independent Sidney Altman 7,485 4.23
Total votes 176,887 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1992[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 203,377 72.53
Democratic Edward J. Heffernan 77,042 27.47
Total votes 280,419 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1994[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 143,449 70.28
Democratic Steven Van Grack 60,660 29.72
Total votes 204,109 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1996[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 152,538 61.22
Democratic Donald Mooers 96,229 38.62
Total votes 249,146 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 1998[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 133,145 60.34
Democratic Ralph G. Neas 87,497 39.66
Total votes 220,642 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2000[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 156,241 52.00
Democratic Terry Lierman 136,840 45.54
Constitution Brian D. Saunders 7,017 2.34
Write-ins 371 0.12
Total votes 300,469 100.00
Republican hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2002[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 112,788 51.74
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 103,587 47.52
Write-ins 1,599 0.73
Total votes 217,974 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2004[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 215,129 74.91
Republican Chuck Floyd 71,989 25.07
Write-ins 79 0.03
Total votes 287,197 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2006[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 168,872 76.52
Republican Jeffrey M. Stein 48,324 21.90
Green Gerard P. Giblin 3,298 1.49
Write-ins 191 0.09
Total votes 220,685 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2008[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 229,740 75.08
Republican Steve Hudson 66,351 21.68
Green Gordon Clark 6,828 2.23
Libertarian Ian Thomas 2,562 0.84
Write-in All write-ins 533 0.17
Total votes 306,014 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2010[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 153,613 73.27
Republican Michael Lee Philips 52,421 25.00
Libertarian Mark Grannis 2,713 1.29
Constitution Fred Nordhorn 696 0.33
No party Write-ins 224 0.11
Total votes 209,667 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2012[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 217,531 63.37
Republican Kenneth R. Timmerman 113,033 32.93
Libertarian Mark Grannis 7,235 2.11
Green George Gluck 5,064 1.48
N/A Others (write-in) 393 0.11
Total votes 343,256 100
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2014[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 136,722 60.74
Republican Dave Wallace 87,859 39.03
N/A Others (write-in) 516 0.23
Total votes 225,097 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2016[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jamie Raskin 220,657 60.6
Republican Dan Cox 124,651 34.2
Green Nancy Wallace 11,201 3.1
Libertarian Jasen Wunder 7,283 2.0
N/A Others (write-in) 532 0.1
Total votes 364,324 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jamie Raskin (Incumbent) 217,679 68.2
Republican John Walsh 96,525 30.2
Libertarian Jasen Wunder 4,853 1.5
n/a Write-ins 273 0.1
Total votes 319,330 100.0
Democratic hold

List of members representing the district

District created in 1793.

# Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
1 William Vans Murray.jpg
William Vans Murray
Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 -
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Retired.
1793-1803
[Data unknown/missing.]
Federalist March 4, 1795 -
March 3, 1797
2 JohnDennisI.jpg
John Dennis
Federalist March 4, 1797 -
March 3, 1805
5th
6th
7th
8th
Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
Retired.
1803-1813
[Data unknown/missing.]
3 Charles Goldsborough, 1802 painting.jpg
Charles Goldsborough
Federalist March 4, 1805 -
March 3, 1817
9th
10th
11th
12th
13th
14th
Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
1813-1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
4 Thomas Bayly Federalist March 4, 1817 -
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
5 John S. Spence Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
1823-1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
6 Robert N. Martin Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1824.
Retired.
7 Ephraim King Wilson Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1827 -
March 3, 1829
20th
21st
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1829.
Lost re-election.
Jackson March 4, 1829 -
March 3, 1831
8 John S. Spence Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 -
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1831.
[Data unknown/missing.]
9 John T. Stoddert Jackson March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd Elected in 1833.
Retired.
1833-1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Seat abolished in 1835.
Seat reinstated in 1967.
10 Gilbert Gude.jpg
Gilbert Gude
Republican January 3, 1967 -
January 3, 1977
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired.
1967-1973
Montgomery
1973-1983
Montgomery
11 Newton Steers.jpg
Newton Steers
Republican January 3, 1977 -
January 3, 1979
95th Elected in 1976.
Lost re-election.
12 Michael D Barnes US Congress Photo Portrait.jpg
Michael D. Barnes
Democratic January 3, 1979 -
January 3, 1987
96th
97th
98th
99th
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1983-1993
Montgomery
13 Connie morella.jpg
Connie Morella
Republican January 3, 1987 -
January 3, 2003
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Lost re-election after redistricting.
2003-2013
Montgomery
14 Chris van hollen.jpg
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic January 3, 2003 -
January 3, 2017
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
2003-2013
United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 8 map (2003-2013).png
Montgomery, Prince George's
2013-present
Maryland US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Montgomery, Frederick, Carroll
15 Jamie Raskin official.jpg
Jamie Raskin
Democratic January 3, 2017 -
Present
115th
116th
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Living former members

There are currently three living former members who represented the district. The most recent representative to die was Gilbert Gude (served 1967-1977) on May 28, 2007. The most recently serving representative to die was Newton Steers (served 1977-1979) on February 11, 1993.

Representative Years served Date of birth
Michael D. Barnes 1979-1987 (1943-09-03) September 3, 1943 (age 76)
Connie Morella 1987-2003 (1931-02-12) February 12, 1931 (age 88)
Chris Van Hollen 2003-2017 (1959-01-10) January 10, 1959 (age 60)

See also

External links

Sources

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=24&cd=08
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ Turque, Bill (April 27, 2016). "Raskin wins Md.'s 8th Congressional District primary". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (March 31, 1967). "Statistics of the Contressional Election of November 8, 1966" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (July 1, 1969). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 5, 1968" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 1, 1971). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1970" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (March 15, 1973). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 7, 1972" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (August 1, 1975). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1974" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (April 15, 1977). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 1976" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (April 1, 1979). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (April 15, 1981). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 4, 1980" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 5, 1983). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 1, 1985). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 6, 1984" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 29, 1987). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1986" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (April 20, 1989). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 8, 1988" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (April 29, 1991). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 31, 1993). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 3, 1992" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 12, 1995). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (July 29, 1997). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 5, 1996" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (January 3, 1999). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (June 21, 2001). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 7, 2000" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 1, 2003). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (June 7, 2005). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (September 21, 2007). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (July 10, 2009). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 4, 2008" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (June 3, 2011). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (February 28, 2013). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 6, 2012" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.

Coordinates: 39°06?N 77°15?W / 39.1°N 77.25°W / 39.1; -77.25


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