Masovian Dialect
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Masovian Dialect
Masovian dialects
dialekty mazowieckie
Pronunciation[maz?'vt?sk]
Native toPoland
RegionMazovian Voivodeship, Podlaskie Voivodeship
Latin (Polish alphabet)
Language codes
-
GlottologNone
Linguasphere53-AAA-cc
(varieties: 53-AAA-cca to 53-AAA-ccu)

The Masovian dialect, also written Mazovian, is the dialect of Polish spoken in Mazovia and historically related regions, in northeastern Poland.[1] It is the most distinct of the Polish dialects and the most expansive.[1]

Masovian dialect (B3) among languages of Central Europe

Mazovian dialects may exhibit such features as mazurzenie, liaison (intervocalic voicing of obstruents on word boundaries), and asynchronous palatal pronunciation of labial consonants (so-called softening). The Kurpie region has some of the most distinctive phonetic features due to isolation. Characteristics include:

  • Depalatalization of velars before /?/ and palatalization of velars before //; e.g. standard Polish r?k?, nog? ('arm', 'leg', in the accusative case) is rendered ['re?k?e], ['noe] respectively instead of ['rke], ['ne];
  • /li/ sequences realized [l?] instead of [l?i];
  • merger of the retroflex series sz, ?, cz, d? into the alveolar s, z, c, dz;
  • /?/ > /i/ before certain consonants;
  • the Old Polish dual number marker -wa continues to be attached to verbs;
  • the open-mid vowels /?, ?/ are realized as close-mid [e, o];
  • Standard Polish // and // merged with /u/ and /a/ respectively, in most situations;
  • certain instances of a > e;
  • [m?] > [?]

Masovian dialects also contain certain vocabulary that is distinct from the standard Polish language and shares common characteristics with the Kashubian language.[2]

Subdialects

Mazovian dialects include but are not limited to subdialects[3] of:

References

  1. ^ a b "Gwary polskie - Dialekt mazowiecki". gwarypolskie.uw.edu.pl. Archived from the original on 2011-04-14. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Slavic languages -- Encyclopædia Britannica". britannica.com. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Halina Karas, Gwary Polskie, Dialects and gwary in Poland Archived 2011-04-14 at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography

  • Barbara Bartnicka (red.): Polszczyzna Mazowsza i Podlasia. ?om?a-Warszawa 1993.
  • Anna Basara: Studia nad wokalizmem w gwarach Mazowsza. Wroc?aw-Warszawa-Kraków 1965.
  • Anna Cegie?a: Polski S?ownik terminologii i gwary teatralnej. Wroc?aw 1992.
  • Jadwiga Chludzi?ska-?wi?tecka: Ze studiów nad s?owotwórstwem gwar mazowieckich. Poradnik J?zykowy, z. 6, 1961, s. 253-258.
  • Karol Dejna: Dialekty polskie. Ossolineum 1993.
  • Barbara Fali?ska (red.): Gwary Mazowsza, Podlasia i Suwalszczyzny.? I. Filipów, pow. Suwa?ki, Bia?ystok, 2004.
  • Województwo p?ockie. Uniwersytet ?ódzki, ?ód?-P?ock 1984.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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