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Mathcore is a dissonant fusion of heavy metal and hardcore punk[1][2] characterized by unusual time signatures, experimentation, and rhythmic complexity.[2][3] The genre has been shaped primarily by math rock and metalcore.[2] The term mathcore is a portmanteau of the terms math rock and hardcore. The fusion has also been referred to as noisecore[1][4][5] and experimental metalcore.[6][7] Prominent mathcore groups have been influenced by free jazz,[3]noise rock,[8] and grindcore.[3][4][9][10][11]

Mathcore was pioneered by bands such as Converge,[12]Coalesce, Botch,[13][14] and The Dillinger Escape Plan.[15]


Precedents and early development (1980s - 2000s)

An early antecedent to mathcore was practiced by Black Flag, in 1984, with the album My War; "Its seven-minute metal dirges and fusion-style time signatures proved too much for many fans".[16] Many groups from the mathcore scene paid tribute to Black Flag for the album Black on Black.[17]

In the 1990s, groups now often described as mathcore were commonly called "noisecore." Kevin Stewart-Panko of Terrorizer referred to groups such as Neurosis, Deadguy, Cave In, Today Is the Day, The Dillinger Escape Plan, Converge, Coalesce, Candiria, Botch, and Psyopus as falling under this label.[8] Stewart-Panko described the sound of these bands as a "dynamic, violent, discordant, technical, brutal, off-kilter, no rules mixture of hardcore, metal, prog, math rock, grind and jazz."[]

The earliest known bands to record this hybrid include Rorschach, Starkweather, Botch, and Converge. Throughout the 1990s, several other groups started to emerge: Cave In from Massachusetts, Cable from Connecticut, Coalesce from Kansas City, and Knut from Switzerland. The Dillinger Escape Plan is often considered the "pioneer" of mathcore.[15][18][19] Before the term "mathcore", the style had only been referred to as "noisecore",[4][5] though the genre's existence before this time is generally recognized.

Contemporary influence (2000s - present)

In the early 2000s several new mathcore bands started to emerge. Norma Jean's earlier records are often compared to Converge and Botch.[20][21][22] Other new mathcore bands that cite older mathcore bands as an influence or are compared to them include Car Bomb,[23]The Locust,[24]Daughters,[25]Some Girls,[26]Look What I Did,[27] and The Number Twelve Looks Like You.[28]

The term is generally applied by journalists, rather than by musicians themselves. Jacob Bannon of Converge stated:

See also


  1. ^ a b Magazines, SPH (July 2008). "The High Chancellor of Rumours". GameAxis Unwired. SPH Magazines. ISSN 0219-872X. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Dillinger Escape Plan Release New Video For "Rage" Featuring Jarren Benton |". Retrieved . Mathcore brings together the rhythmic complexity and uncommon or experimental musical time signatures found in math rock, a subgenre of indie rock that emerged in the 1980s, and the heavy sound in instrumentation that is found in metalcore, a genre that fuses extreme styles of metal with hardcore punk. 
  3. ^ a b c Kahn-Harris, Keith (2007). Extreme Metal. Berg Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 1-84520-399-2. Contemporary grindcore bands such as The Dillinger Escape Plan [...] have developed avant-garde versions of the genre incorporating frequent time signature changes and complex sounds that at times recall free jazz. 
  4. ^ a b c Whitney Strub, "Behind the Key Club: An Interview with Mark "Barney" Greenway of Napalm Death ", PopMatters, May 11, 2006. [1] Access date: September 17, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Botch ... a noisecore pioneer", 'Terrorizer, "Grindcore Special", #180, Feb. 2009, p. 63.
  6. ^ "Album review: Ken Mode - Entrench". Scene Point Blank. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "Horse the band invade Lancaster's Chameleon Club". Retrieved . 
  8. ^ a b Kevin Stewart-Panko, "The Decade in Noisecore", Terrorizer no. 75, Feb 2000, p. 22-23.
  9. ^ Epitaph Records, Dillinger Escape Plan artist info, [2] Access date: September 16, 2008.
  10. ^ Vik Bansal, Miss Machine review, Music OMH, 2 August 2004. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-26. Retrieved .  Access date: September 16, 2008.
  11. ^ Jason Buchanan, The Dillinger Escape Plan: Miss Machine - The DVD Archived 2006-04-26 at the Wayback Machine. review, Allmovie. Access date: September 17, 2008.
  12. ^ "Converge biography". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ "Reviews". Retrieved 2018. 
  14. ^ "San Francisco Bay Guardian - Looking for a Guardian article?". Retrieved 2018. 
  15. ^ a b "Mathcore band the 'Dillinger Escape Plan' visit NZ". Newshub. May 20, 2008. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ Steven Blush, American Hardcore: A Tribal History, "Thirsty and Miserable", Los Angeles: Feral House, 2001, p. 66
  17. ^ Mark Prindle, Citizine interview with Greg Ginn, June 7, 2003. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved .  Access date: October 8, 2008.
  18. ^ Mendez, Sam (October 10, 2016). "Mathcore Pioneers The Dillinger Escape Plan Mark an End to Their 20-Year Run". Cleveland Scene. Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ Weiss, Dan (August 5, 2016). "The Dillinger Escape Plan, Pioneers of Mathcore, Are Breaking Up". Spin. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ Bosler, Shawn. Christian metalcore heavyweights Norma Jean make new believers with O' God, the Aftermath." Decibel Magazine. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.
  21. ^ Bansal, Vik. "Norma Jean - O God The Aftermath (Abacus)" Archived 2008-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.
  22. ^ Heisel, Scott. "Listening Station" Alternative Press. Issue 242 Page 168.
  23. ^ Angle, Brad. Centralia review. Guitar World. Retrieved . [dead link]
  24. ^ Ken McGrath. "Destruction and Chaos are Never Far Behind". Interview with Bobby Bray. Sorted Magazine. 2003. [3] Access date: October 4, 2008.
  25. ^ Steve Carlson, Hell Songs review, "Blog Critics", October 19, 2006. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved .  Access date: September 13, 2008.
  26. ^ "San Diego Reader"[4] Access date: September 13, 2008.
  27. ^ Harris, Chris. "Look What I Did Name Upcoming LP 'Atlas Drugged'"Noisecreep
  28. ^ Miller, Kirk. "The Number Twelve Looks Like You: Put on Your Rosy Red Glasses - You know, the kind Bootsy Collins wears..." Decibel Magazine. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.
  29. ^ Huval, Rebecca (October 28, 2009). "Axe to Grind: Four Tense Questions with Converge". New York Press. Press Play (blog). Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. 

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