Maxine Waters
Get Maxine Waters essential facts below. View Videos or join the Maxine Waters discussion. Add Maxine Waters to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Maxine Waters

Maxine Waters
Congresswoman Waters official photo.jpg
Chair of the House Financial Services Committee

January 3, 2019
Jeb Hensarling
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California

January 3, 1991
Augustus Hawkins
Constituency29th district (1991-1993)
35th district (1993-2013)
43rd district (2013-present)
Ranking Member of the House Financial Services Committee

January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2019
Barney Frank
Patrick McHenry
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 48th district

December 6, 1976 - November 30, 1990
Leon D. Ralph
Marguerite Archie-Hudson
Personal details
Maxine Moore Carr

(1938-08-15) August 15, 1938 (age 82)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Edward Waters
(m. 1956; div. 1972)

(m. 1977)
EducationCalifornia State University, Los Angeles (BA)
WebsiteHouse website

Maxine Moore Waters (née Carr, August 15, 1938) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 43rd congressional district since 1991. The district, numbered as the 29th district from 1991 to 1993 and as the 35th district from 1993 to 2013, includes much of southern Los Angeles, as well as portions of Gardena, Inglewood and Torrance.

A member of the Democratic Party, Waters is currently in her 15th term in the House. She is the most senior of the twelve black women currently serving in Congress, and she chaired the Congressional Black Caucus from 1997 to 1999.[1] She is the second most senior member of the California congressional delegation after Nancy Pelosi. She is currently the chairwoman of the House Financial Services Committee.

Before becoming a U.S. Representative, Waters served in the California State Assembly, to which she was first elected in 1976. As an assemblywoman, she advocated divestment from South Africa's apartheid regime. In Congress, she has been an outspoken opponent of the Iraq War and has sharply criticized Republican Presidents George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush, and Donald Trump,[2] as well as Democratic President Barack Obama.[3]

Waters was included in Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People of 2018.[4]

Early life and education

Maxine Waters was born in 1938 in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Remus Carr and Velma Lee (née Moore).[5][6] The fifth of 13 children, Waters was raised by her single mother after her father left the family when Maxine was two.[7] She graduated from Vashon High School in St. Louis before moving with her family to Los Angeles, California, in 1961. She worked in a garment factory and as a telephone operator before being hired as an assistant teacher with the Head Start program in Watts in 1966.[7] Waters later enrolled at Los Angeles State College (now California State University, Los Angeles), where she received a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1971.[8]

Early political career

In 1973, Waters went to work as chief deputy to City Councilman David S. Cunningham, Jr., then was elected to the California State Assembly in 1976. While in the Assembly, she worked for the divestment of state pension funds from any businesses active in South Africa, a country then operating under the policy of apartheid, and helped pass legislation within the guidelines of the divestment campaign's Sullivan Principles.[9] She ascended to the position of Democratic Caucus Chair for the Assembly.[10]

U.S. House of Representatives

Waters greeting President Bill Clinton in 1994


Upon the retirement of Augustus F. Hawkins in 1990, Waters was elected to the United States House of Representatives for California's 29th congressional district with over 79% of the popular vote. She has been reelected consistently from this district, renumbered as the 35th district in 1992 and as the 43rd in 2012, with at least 70 percent of the vote.

Waters has represented large parts of south-central Los Angeles and the Los Angeles coastal communities of Westchester and Playa Del Rey, as well as the cities of Torrance, Gardena, Hawthorne, Inglewood and Lawndale.


On July 29, 1994, Waters came to public attention when she repeatedly interrupted a speech by Peter King (R-NY). The presiding officer, Carrie Meek (D-FL), classed her behavior as "unruly and turbulent", and threatened to have the Sergeant at Arms present her with the Mace of the House of Representatives (the equivalent of a formal warning to desist). As of 2017, this is the most recent instance of the mace being employed for a disciplinary purpose. Waters was eventually suspended from the House for the rest of the day. The conflict with King stemmed from the previous day, when they had both been present at a House Banking Committee hearing on the Whitewater controversy. Waters felt King's questioning of Maggie Williams (Hillary Clinton's chief of staff) was too harsh, and they subsequently exchanged hostile words.[11][12][13]

Waters was chair of the Congressional Black Caucus from 1997 to 1998. In 2005 Waters testified at the U.S. House Committee on Education and the Workforce hearings on "Enforcement of Federal Anti-Fraud Laws in For-Profit Education", highlighting the American College of Medical Technology as a "problem school" in her district.[14] In 2006 she was involved in the debate over King Drew Medical Center. She criticized media coverage of the hospital and in 2006 Waters asked the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to deny a waiver of the cross ownership ban, and hence license renewal for KTLA-TV, a station the Los Angeles Times owned. She said, "The Los Angeles Times has had an inordinate effect on public opinion and has used it to harm the local community in specific instances." She requested that the FCC force the paper to either sell its station or risk losing that station's broadcast rights.[15] According to Broadcasting & Cable, the challenges raised "the specter of costly legal battles to defend station holdings... At a minimum, defending against one would cost tens of thousands of dollars in lawyers' fees and probably delay license renewal about three months".[16] Waters' petition was ultimately unsuccessful.[17] As a Democratic representative in Congress, Waters was a superdelegate to the 2008 Democratic National Convention. She endorsed Democratic U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton for the party's nomination in late January 2008, granting the New York Senator nationally recognized support that some suggested would "make big waves."[18][19][20] Waters later switched her endorsement to U.S. Senator Barack Obama when his lead in the pledged delegate count became insurmountable on the final day of primary voting.[21] In 2009 Waters had a confrontation with fellow Democratic congressman Dave Obey (WI) over an earmark in the United States House Committee on Appropriations. The funding request was for a public school employment training center in Los Angeles that was named after her.[22] In 2011, Waters voted against the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, related to a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to detain American citizens and others indefinitely without trial.[23]

With the retirement of Barney Frank (D-MA) in 2012, Waters became the ranking member of the House Financial Services Committee.[24][25] On July 24, 2013, Waters voted in favor of Amendment 100 included in H.R. 2397 Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2014.[26] The amendment targeted domestic surveillance activities, specifically that of the National Security Agency, and if ultimately passed would have limited the flexibility of the NSA's interpretation of the law to collect sweeping data on U.S. citizens.[27] Amendment 100 was rejected 217-205. On March 27, 2014, Waters introduced a discussion draft of the Housing Opportunities Move the Economy Forward Act of 2014 known as the Home Forward Act of 2014.[28] A key provision of the bill includes the collection of 10 basis points for "every dollar outstanding mortgages collateralizing covered securities" estimated to be approximately $5 billion a year. These funds would be directed to three funds that support affordable housing initiatives, with 75% going to the National Housing trust fund. The National Housing Trust Fund will then provide block grants to states to be used primarily to build, preserve, rehabilitate, and operate rental housing that is affordable to the lowest income households, and groups including seniors, disabled persons and low income workers. The National Housing Trust was enacted in 2008, but has yet to be funded.[29] In 2009, Waters co-sponsored Rep. John Conyers' bill calling for reparations for slavery to be paid to black Americans.[30]

Rodney King verdict and Los Angeles riots

When south-central Los Angeles erupted in riots--in which 63 were killed--after the Rodney King verdict in 1992, Waters gained national attention when she led a chant of "No justice, no peace" at a rally in the midst of the riot.[31] She also "helped deliver relief supplies in Watts and demanded the resumption of vital services".[32][33] Waters described the riots as a rebellion, saying "If you call it a riot it sounds like it was just a bunch of crazy people who went out and did bad things for no reason. I maintain it was somewhat understandable, if not acceptable."[34] In her view, the violence was "a spontaneous reaction to a lot of injustice." In regard to the looting of Korean-owned stores by local black residents, she said in an interview with KABC radio host Michael Jackson: "There were mothers who took this as an opportunity to take some milk, to take some bread, to take some shoes... They are not crooks."[35]


Following a 1996 San Jose Mercury News article alleging the complicity of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the Los Angeles crack epidemic of the 1980s, Waters called for an investigation. Waters questioned whether "U.S.-government paid or organized operatives smuggled, transported and sold it to American citizens".[36] The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) announced it had failed to find any evidence to support the original story.[37] The Los Angeles Times also concluded after its own extensive investigation that the allegations were not supported by evidence.[38] The author of the original story, Gary Webb, was eventually transferred to a different beat and removed from investigative reporting, before his death in 2004.[39] Webb was found in his apartment with two bullet holes in his head. His death was declared a suicide. Following these post-publication investigations, Waters read into the Congressional Record a memorandum of understanding in which former President Ronald Reagan's CIA director rejected any duty by the CIA to report illegal narcotics trafficking to the Department of Justice.[40][41][dead link]

Allegations of corruption

According to Chuck Neubauer and Ted Rohrlich writing in the Los Angeles Times in 2004, Maxine Waters' relatives had made more than $1 million during the preceding eight years by doing business with companies, candidates and causes that Waters had helped. They claimed she and her husband helped a company get government bond business, and her daughter Karen Waters and son Edward Waters have profited from her connections. Waters replied that "They do their business and I do mine."[42] Liberal watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Waters to its list of corrupt members of Congress in its 2005, 2006, 2009 and 2011 reports.[43][44]Citizens Against Government Waste named her the June 2009 Porker of the Month due to her intention to obtain an earmark for the Maxine Waters Employment Preparation Center.[45][46]

Waters came under investigation for ethics violations and was accused by a House panel of at least one ethics violation related to her efforts to help OneUnited Bank receive federal aid.[47] Waters' husband is a stockholder and former director of OneUnited Bank and the bank's executives were major contributors to her campaigns. In September 2008, Waters arranged meetings between U.S. Treasury Department officials and OneUnited Bank, so that the bank could plead for federal cash. It had been heavily invested in Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, and its capital was "all but wiped out" after the U.S. government took them over. The bank received $12 million in Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) money.[48][49] The matter was investigated by the House Ethics Committee,[50][51] which charged her with violations of the House's ethics rules in 2010.[52][53][54][55] On September 21, 2012, the House Ethics Committee completed a report clearing Waters of all ethics charges after nearly three years of investigation.[56]

"Reclaiming my time"

Waters speaking to the California Democratic Party State Convention in June 2019.

In July 2017, during a House Financial Services Committee meeting, Waters questioned United States Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin. At several points during the questioning, Waters used the phrase "reclaiming my time" when Mnuchin did not directly address the questions Waters had asked him. The video of the interaction between Waters and Mnuchin became popular on social media, and the phrase became attached to her criticisms of Trump.[57] During the Bill Barr hearing at the Judiciary committee, many Democrats used the phrase "reclaiming time"

Louis Farrakhan

In early 2018, Waters was among the members of Congress the Republican Jewish Coalition called on to resign due to her connections with Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.[58][59] Between 1993 and 2006, Waters repeatedly met with and had publicity photos taken with Farrakhan.[60]

Bombing attempt

Packages that contained pipe bombs were sent to two of Waters's offices on October 24, 2018. The packages were intercepted and were investigated by the FBI. No one was injured. Similar packages were sent to several other Democratic leaders and to CNN.[61][62] In 2019, Cesar Sayoc pleaded guilty to mailing the bombs and was sentenced to 20 years in prison.[63][64]

Committee assignments

Previously, she had served on the Committee on the Judiciary.

Caucus memberships


Barack Obama

In August 2011, Waters criticized President Barack Obama, saying that he was insufficiently supportive of the black community. Waters referred to the high unemployment rate for African Americans (which was around 15.9 percent at the time).[67] At a Congressional Black Caucus town-hall meeting on jobs in Detroit, Waters said that African American members of Congress were reluctant to criticize or place public pressure on Obama because "y'all love the President".[68]

In October 2011, Waters engaged in a public dispute with Obama, arguing that he paid more attention to the swing voters of the Iowa primaries than to equal numbers of (geographically dispersed) black voters. In response, Obama argued that it was time to "stop complaining, stop grumbling, stop crying" and get back to working with him.[3][69][70]

Castro and Cuba

Waters has visited Cuba a number of times, praising[when?]Fidel Castro's moves towards democracy. She also criticized previous U.S. efforts to overthrow him and demanded an end to the U.S. trade embargo.[71] In 1998, Waters wrote a letter to Castro citing the 1960s and 1970s as "a sad and shameful chapter of our history", and she thanked Castro for providing help to those who needed to "flee political persecution".[72]

In 1998, Waters wrote an open letter to Fidel Castro asking him not to extradite convicted terrorist Assata Shakur from Cuba, where she had sought asylum. Waters argued that much of the Black community regarded her conviction as false.[73][74][75] She had earlier supported a Republican bill to extradite Shakur, who was referred to by her former name, Joanne Chesimard. In 1999, Waters called on President Bill Clinton to return six-year-old Elian Gonzales to Cuba; Elian had survived a boat journey from Cuba, during which his mother had drowned, and was taken in by U.S. relatives.[72]

Donald Trump

Waters has called Trump "a bully, an egotistical maniac, a liar and someone who did not need to be President"[44] and "the most deplorable person I've ever met in my life".[76] In a 2017 appearance on MSNBC's All In with Chris Hayes, Waters said President Donald Trump's advisors who have ties to Russia or have oil and gas interests there are "a bunch of scumbags".[77]

Waters began to call for the impeachment of Trump shortly after he took office. In February 2017, Waters said that Trump was "leading himself" to possible impeachment because of his conflicts of interests and that he was creating "chaos and division".[78] In September 2017, while giving a eulogy at Dick Gregory's funeral, she said that she was "cleaning out the White House" and that "when I get through with Donald Trump, he's going to wish he had been impeached."[79] In October 2017, she said the U.S. Congress had enough evidence against Trump to 'be moving on impeachment', in reference to Russian collusion allegations during the 2016 Presidential election, and that Trump "has openly obstructed justice in front of our face".[80]

Linking President Trump to the violence that erupted at a white nationalist protest rally in Charlottesville, Virginia on August 12, 2017, Waters stated that the White House "... is now the White Supremacists' House"[81][82] Following President Trump's 2018 State of the Union address, Waters released a video response addressing what most of the members of the Congressional Black Caucus viewed as the racist viewpoint and actions of Trump saying, "He claims that he's bringing people together but make no mistake, he is a dangerous, unprincipled, divisive, and shameful racist."[83] Trump later replied by calling her a "low IQ individual".[84]

On April 24, 2018, while attending the Time 100 Gala, Waters urged Trump to resign from office, "So that I won't have to keep up this fight of your having to be impeached because I don't think you deserve to be there. Just get out."[85]

On June 23, 2018, following an incident in which White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders was asked to leave a restaurant, Waters urged attendees at a rally in Los Angeles to confront Trump administration officials in public places: "...tell them they're not welcome anymore, anywhere."[86] In response, House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi posted comments on Twitter reported to be a condemnation of Waters' remarks: "Trump's daily lack of civility has provoked responses that are predictable but unacceptable."[87]

On December 18, 2019, Waters voted for both articles of impeachment against President Donald J. Trump.[88]

George H. W. Bush

In July 1992, Waters labeled President George H. W. Bush "a racist" who "polarized the races in this country". Previously, Waters had suggested that Bush had used race to advance his policies.[89]


Waters opposed the 2004 coup d'état in Haiti and criticized U.S. involvement.[90] Following the coup, Waters led a delegation along with TransAfrica Forum founder Randall Robinson and Jamaican member of parliament Sharon Hay-Webster to meet with Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and bring him to Jamaica, where he would remain until May.[91][92][93]

International lending

In August 2008, Waters introduced HR 6796, or the "Stop Very Unscrupulous Loan Transfers from Underprivileged countries from Rich Exploitive Funds Act," also known as the Stop VULTURE Funds Act. This would limit the ability of investors in sovereign debt to use U.S. courts to enforce those instruments against a defaulting country. The bill died in committee.[94]

Iraq War

Waters voted against the Iraq War Resolution, the 2002 resolution that funded and granted Congressional approval to possible military action against the regime of Saddam Hussein.[95] She has remained a consistent critic of the subsequent war and has supported an immediate troop withdrawal from Iraq. Waters asserted in 2007 that President George W. Bush was trying to "set [Congress] up" by continually requesting funds for an "occupation" that is "draining" the country of capital, soldier's lives, and other resources. In particular, she argued that the very economic resources being "wasted" in Iraq were those that might provide universal health care or fully fund President Bush's own "No Child Left Behind" education bill. Additionally, Waters, representing a congressional district whose median income falls far below the national average, argued that patriotism alone had not been the sole driving force for those U.S. service personnel serving in Iraq. Rather, "many of them needed jobs, they needed resources, they needed money, so they're there".[96] In a subsequent floor speech, Waters told her colleagues that Congress, lacking the votes to override the "inevitable Bush veto on any Iraq-related legislation," needed to "better [challenge] the administration's false rhetoric about the Iraq war" and "educate our constituents [about] the connection between the problems in Pakistan, Turkey, and Iran with the problems we have created in Iraq".[97] A few months prior to these speeches Waters became a cosponsor of the House resolution to impeach Vice President Dick Cheney for making allegedly "false statements" about the war.[98]

Mandatory minimum sentences

Waters opposes mandatory minimum sentences.[99]

Tea Party movement

Waters has been very critical of the Tea Party movement. On August 20, 2011, while at a town hall discussing some of the displeasure that supporters of President Obama had with the Congressional Black Caucus not supporting the president, Waters stated, "This is a tough game. You can't be intimidated. You can't be frightened. And as far as I'm concerned, the 'tea party' can go straight to Hell ... and I intend to help them get there."[100][101]


On June 18, 2019, Waters asked Facebook to halt their plan to the development and launching of new cryptocurrency called Libra citing a list of recent scandals. She said, "The cryptocurrency market currently lacks a clear regulatory framework to provide strong protections for investors, consumers and the economy. Regulators should see this as a wake-up call to get serious about the privacy and national security concerns, cybersecurity risks, and trading risks that are posed by cryptocurrencies".[102]

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

On October 1, 2020, Waters co-signed a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, which condemned Azerbaijan's offensive operations against Armenian-populated enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, denounced Turkey's role in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and called for an immediate cease-fire.[103]

Personal life

Maxine Waters's second husband, Sid Williams, played professional football in the NFL[104] and is a former U.S. Ambassador to the Bahamas under the Clinton Administration.[105] They live in the Windsor Square neighborhood of Los Angeles.[106]

In May 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, Maxine Waters confirmed her sister, Velma Moody, had died of the virus aged 86.[107]

Other achievements

See also


  1. ^ "Membership". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Gstalter, Morgan (May 29, 2019). "Maxine Waters: Trump should resign and 'free us' from impeachment proceedings". The Hill. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b Williams, Joseph Williams (October 20, 2011), " Obama learns perils of roiling Waters", Politico, October 20, 2011.
  4. ^ "Maxine Waters: The World's 100 Most Influential People". Time. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "Next up for House Ethics trial: St. Louis native Maxine Waters". stltoday. November 19, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  6. ^ "Waters, Maxine". Contemporary Black Biography. 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ a b Brownstein, Ronald (March 5, 1989). "The Two Worlds of Maxine Waters". Los Angeles Times Magazine. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Public Affairs Office - Who's Who of Cal State L.A. Alumni".
  9. ^ French, Howard W. (February 9, 1987). "Slash Ties, Apartheid Foes Urge". New York Times. p. D1. Retrieved 2009. Maxine Waters, a member of the California Assembly who helped frame her state's pension fund divestment bill, has promised to work overtime to insure that our legislation reflects these guidelines and continues to target any and all U.S. companies that are doing business in or with South Africa.
  10. ^ "About Congresswoman Maxine Waters: Representing the 35th District of California". Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009. During 14 years in the California State Assembly, she rose to the powerful position of Democratic Caucus Chair. She was responsible for some of the boldest legislation California has ever seen: the largest divestment of state pension funds from South Africa; landmark affirmative action legislation; the nation's first statewide Child Abuse Prevention Training Program; the prohibition of police strip searches for nonviolent misdemeanors; and the introduction of the nation's first plant closure law.
  11. ^ Manegold, Catherine S. (July 30, 1994). "Sometimes the Order of the Day Is Just Maintaining Order". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ Hawthorne, California; C-SPAN [1] What is the staff with an eagle on top they keep moving around in the House? What is it used for? March 5, 2000 Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Whitewater Controversy House Floor, Jul 29 1994 | Video |". Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ "Testimony of the Honorable Maxine Waters". House. Archived from the original on December 13, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ Waters, Maxine (November 1, 2006). "Petition to Deny Request for Renewal of Broadcast License". Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009. Tribune influenced public opinion in the Los Angeles DMA to harm its residents and one of its most critical public health facilities - the Martin Luther King/Drew Medical Center (King/Drew).
  16. ^ McConnell, Bill (September 19, 2004). "Your Money or Your License". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2009.
  17. ^ "Station Search Details". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009. Call Sign: KTLA... Channel: 5... Lic Expir: 12/01/2014[dead link]
  18. ^ "The endorsements that would make huge waves". The Hill. December 6, 2007. Retrieved 2009. Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.). The outspoken anti-war liberal, who campaigned for Ned Lamont (D) over U.S. Senator Joe Lieberman (I) from Connecticut last year, has not picked a favorite.
  19. ^ Bombardieri, Marcella (January 29, 2008). "Maxine Waters for Clinton - 2008 Presidential Campaign Blog - Political Intelligence". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009.
  20. ^ Bombardieri, Marcella (January 29, 2008). "Maxine Waters for Clinton". The Boston Globe.
  21. ^ Bosman, Julie (June 3, 2008). "The Superdelegate Tally". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved 2010.
  22. ^ Allen, Jared; Soraghan, Mike (June 25, 2009). "Obey, Waters in noisy floor fight". The Hill. Retrieved 2009.
  23. ^ Sheets, Connor. "NDAA Bill: How Did Your Congress Member Vote?". International Business Times.
  24. ^ Becker, Bernie; Schroeder, Peter (November 28, 2011). "Maxine Waters in line to take over from Frank on Financial Services Committee". The Hill. Retrieved 2011.
  25. ^ Crittenden, Michael R (December 4, 2012). "Maxine Waters to Succeed Barney Frank on Banking Panel". WSJ Blog Washington Wire. Retrieved 2013.
  26. ^ "Final Vote Results For Roll Call 412". US House of Representatives.
  27. ^ "Why The NSA and President Bush Got The FISA Court to Reinterpret The Law in Order To Collect Tons Of Data". Tech Dirt.
  28. ^ Siegel, Robert M.; Sahn, Jeremy C (April 9, 2014). "Recently Unveiled "Home Forward" Housing Act May Signal the End of Fannie and Freddie". The National Law Review. Bilzin Sumberg Baena Price & Axelrod LLP. Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ "H.R Bill - 113th Congress 2D Session [Discussion Draft] 'Housing Opportunities Move the Economy Forward Act 5 of 2014' or the 'Home Forward Act of 2014'" (PDF). Government Printing Office. 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  30. ^ "H.R. 40 (111th): Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act". GovTrack.
  31. ^ Newman, Maria (May 19, 1992), "AFTER THE RIOTS: Washington at Work; Lawmaker From Riot Zone Insists On a New Role for Black Politicians", The New York Times.
  32. ^ Louise Donahue Rep. Maxine Waters to speak at annual MLK Convocation on February 20 January 15, 2007 Currents (UC Santa Cruz)
  33. ^ "Maxine Water". PBS.
  34. ^ Pandey, Swati (April 29, 2007). "Was it a 'riot,' a 'disturbance' or a 'rebellion'?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010.
  35. ^ Shuit, Douglas P. (May 10, 1992). "Waters Focuses Her Rage at System". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ Waters, Maxine (August 30, 1996). "Drugs". The Narco News Bulletin. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009. What those articles traced, among other things, is the long-term relationship between Norwin Meneses, a Nicaraguan drug trafficker, Danilo Blandon, a Nicaraguan businessperson connected to the Contra rebels as well as a drug trader, and Ricky Ross, an American who worked with Blandon distributing crack cocaine in this country. These individuals represent a much broader and more troubling relationship between U.S. intelligence and security policy, drug smuggling, and the spread of crack cocaine into the United States. Letter to U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno
  37. ^ Cockburn, Alexander; Jeffrey St Clair (October 1, 1999). Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. Verso. ISBN 1-85984-258-5.
  38. ^ "CIA-Contra-Crack Cocaine Controversy".
  39. ^ Osborn, Barbara Bliss (March 1, 1998). "'Are You Sure You Want to Ruin Your Career?' Gary Webb's fate a warning to gutsy reporters". Fair.
  40. ^ Waters, Maxine (May 7, 1998). "Casey". Congressional Record?. California State University Northridge. pp. H2970-H2978. Archived from the original on September 10, 2004. Retrieved 2009.
  41. ^ "Casey". Archived from the original on September 10, 2004.[dead link]
  42. ^ Chuck Neubauer and Ted Rohrlich Capitalizing on a Politician's Clout; The husband, daughter and son of Rep. Maxine Waters have business links to people the influential lawmaker has aided; The Los Angeles Times. December 19, 2004. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
  43. ^ "Maxine Waters". CREW's Most Corrupt. Archived from the original on May 18, 2012.
  44. ^ a b Yamiche Alcindor, 'Auntie Maxine' Waters Goes After Trump and Goes Viral, New York Times (July 7, 2017).
  45. ^ "Rep. Maxine Waters is CAGW's June Porker of the Month". Citizens Against Government Waste. April 2009. Archived from the original on June 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  46. ^ Wood, Daniel B. (August 3, 2010), "Maxine Waters: charges highlight mixed ethics record", The Christian Science Monitor.
  47. ^ Simon, Richard; Mascaro, Lisa (July 31, 2010). "Maxine Waters faces ethics charges". The Los Angeles Times.
  48. ^ Schmidt, Susan (March 12, 2009). "Waters Helped Bank Whose Stock She Once Owned". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009. Ms. Waters, who represents inner-city Los Angeles, hasn't made a secret of her family's financial interest in OneUnited. Referring to her family's investment, she said in 2007 during a congressional hearing that for African-Americans, "the test of your commitment to economic expansion and development and support for business is whether or not you put your money where your mouth is."
  49. ^ Lipton, Eric; Rutenberg, Jim; Walsh, Barclay (March 12, 2009). "Congresswoman, Tied to Bank, Helped Seek Funds". New York Times. Retrieved 2009. Top federal regulators say they were taken aback when they learned that a California congresswoman who helped set up a meeting with bankers last year had family financial ties to a bank whose chief executive asked them for up to $50 million in special bailout funds.
  50. ^ Margasak, Larry (September 16, 2009). "Ethics panel defers probe on Jesse Jackson Jr". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009.
  51. ^ Simon, Richard (August 6, 2012). "Maxine Waters: House ethics panel extends case of L.A. lawmaker". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012.
  52. ^ Lipton, Eric (July 31, 2010). "Ethics Inquiry on Waters Is Tied to OneUnited Bank". The New York Times.
  53. ^ Bacon, Jr., Perry (August 13, 2010). "Maxine Waters defends herself publicly on ethics charges". The Washington Post.
  54. ^ Lewis, Tara A. (August 9, 2010). "Rep. Maxine Waters Faces Three Charges". Newsweek.
  55. ^ Lipton, Eric (July 30, 2010). "Ethics Trial Expected for California Congresswoman". The New York Times.
  56. ^ Hederman, Rosaline (September 21, 2012). "Maxine Waters cleared of House ethics charges". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012.
  57. ^ Romano, Ajo (July 31, 2017). "Reclaiming my time: Maxine Waters's beleaguered congressional hearing led to a mighty meme". Vox. Retrieved 2017.
  58. ^ Manchester, Julia. "Jewish GOP group calls on Dem lawmakers to resign over Farrakhan remarks". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing. Retrieved 2018.
  59. ^ Lima, Cristiano. "Dems denounce Farrakhan rhetoric amid pressure from GOP". Politico. Capitol News Company. Retrieved 2018.
  60. ^ Bier, Jeryl (January 3, 2019). "The Nation of Islam and the House". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2019.[better source needed]
  61. ^ Kennedy, Merrit (October 24, 2018). "Apparent 'Pipe Bombs' Mailed To Clinton, Obama And CNN". NPR. Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ ""Potentially destructive devices" sent to Clinton, Obama, CNN prompt massive response". CBS News. October 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  63. ^ Weiser, Benjamin; Watkins, Ali (August 5, 2019). "Cesar Sayoc, Who Mailed Pipe Bombs to Trump Critics, Is Sentenced to 20 Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020.
  64. ^ "Florida Man Who Mailed Bombs To Democrats, Media Gets 20 Years In Prison". Retrieved 2020.
  65. ^ "Pelosi Names Select Members to Bipartisan House Select Committee on the Coronavirus Crisis". Speaker Nancy Pelosi. April 29, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  66. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  67. ^ Montopoli, Brian (August 11, 2011), "Maxine Waters: Why isn't Obama in black communities?", CBS News.
  68. ^ Camia, Catalina (August 18, 2011), "Waters: Black lawmakers hesitant to criticize Obama", USA Today.
  69. ^ Allen, Jonathan (August 8, 2011). "Waters to Obama: Iowans or blacks?". Politico. Retrieved 2018.
  70. ^ Williams, Joseph (August 29, 2011). "Obama reopens rift with black critics". Politico. Retrieved 2018.
  71. ^ "Waters". The Political Guide.
  72. ^ a b "In Castro's Corner". The National Review. July 24, 2008. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
  73. ^ West Savali, Kirsten (April 26, 2017). "Bigger Than Trump: One-on-One Exclusive With Rep. Maxine Waters". The Root.
  74. ^ Muhammad, Jihad Hassan (May 6, 2013). "'A Song for Assata' the FBI hunts hip-hop's hero". The Dallas Weekly. Retrieved 2013.
  75. ^ presumably Maxine Waters (September 9, 1998). "Congresswoman Waters issues statement on U.S. Freedom Fighter Assata Shakur". World History Archives. Retrieved 2013.
  76. ^ Max Greenwood, Maxine Waters: Trump is the most deplorable person I've ever met, The Hill (August 4, 2017).
  77. ^ "Rep. Maxine Waters: Trump advisors with Russia ties are ..." MSNBC. February 21, 2017.
  78. ^ Diaz, Daniella (February 6, 2017). "Waters: Trump 'leading himself' to impeachment". CNN.
  79. ^ "WATCH: Maxine Waters Turns Comedian Dick Gregory's Eulogy into Anti-Trump Speech". September 20, 2017.
  80. ^ Lim, Naomi (October 12, 2017), "Maxine Waters: Congress has enough evidence against Trump to 'be moving on impeachment'", Washington Examiner.
  81. ^ Carter, Brandon Carter (August 13, 2017), "Maxine Waters to Trump: Blame for Charlottesville is on your side, not 'many'", The Hill.
  82. ^ Waters, Maxine (August 13, 2017). "Trump has made it clear - w/ Bannon & Gorka in the WH, & the Klan in the streets, it is now the White Supremacists' House. #Charlottesviille". @RepMaxineWaters. Retrieved 2019.
  83. ^ Koman, Tess (February 1, 2018). "Maxine Waters Delivers Scathing SOTU Response: 'Make No Mistake. Trump Is a Dangerous Racist'". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2018.
  84. ^ Ruiz, Joe (March 11, 2018). "Trump again questions Rep. Waters' intelligence, says she's 'very low IQ'". CNN. Retrieved 2018.
  85. ^ "Congresswoman Maxine Waters' Advice for President Trump: 'Please Resign'". Time.
  86. ^ Ehrlich, Jamie (June 25, 2018). "Democratic congresswoman encourages supporters to harass Trump administration officials". CNN. Retrieved 2018.
  87. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (June 25, 2018). "Pelosi rebukes Democratic Rep. Maxine Waters for urging supporters to confront Trump administration officials". CNBC. Retrieved 2018.
  88. ^ Panetta, Grace. "WHIP COUNT: Here's which members of the House voted for and against impeaching Trump". Business Insider.
  89. ^ Sam Fulwood II, Rep. Waters Labels Bush 'a Racist,' Endorses Clinton, Los Angeles Times (July 9, 1992).
  90. ^ "Aristide says U.S. deposed him in 'coup d'etat'". CNN. March 2, 2004. Retrieved 2010.
  91. ^ "Defying Washington: Haiti's Aristide Returns to the Caribbean", Pacifica Radio, March 15, 2004, archived from the original on January 19, 2011, retrieved 2011
  92. ^ "Newsmaker profile - Sharon Hay Webster", Jamaica Gleaner, March 21, 2004, archived from the original on July 17, 2012, retrieved 2011
  93. ^ "Aristide leaves Jamaica, heads for South Africa", CTV News Saskatoon, May 30, 2004, retrieved 2011
  94. ^ "Stop Very Unscrupulous Loan Transfers from Underprivileged countries to Rich, Exploitive Funds Act (2008 - H.R. 6796)". GovTrack.
  95. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 455, H J RES 114 To Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. October 10, 2002. Retrieved 2009.
  96. ^ "The Iraq War". October 22, 2007. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  97. ^ "War in Iraq". November 5, 2007. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  98. ^ "Cheney ouster gains backers". The Washington Times. June 13, 2007.
  99. ^ Meeks, Kenneth (June 1, 2005), "Back Talk with Maxine Waters" (interview), Black Enterprise.
  100. ^ Jenkins, Sally (August 22, 2011). "Maxine Waters to tea party: Go to Hell". The Washington Post.
  101. ^ Epstein, Jennifer (August 22, 2011). "Rep. Maxine Waters: Tea party can go to hell". Politico.
  102. ^ Wong, Queenie (June 18, 2019). "US lawmaker wants Facebook to halt its Libra cryptocurrency project". CNET. Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  103. ^ "Senate and House Leaders to Secretary of State Pompeo: Cut Military Aid to Azerbaijan; Sanction Turkey for Ongoing Attacks Against Armenia and Artsakh". The Armenian Weekly. October 2, 2020.
  104. ^ Murphy, Patricia. "Rep. Maxine Waters: Yank the NFL's Antitrust Exemption". Politics Daily.
  105. ^ Hall, Carla (February 6, 1994). "Sidney Williams' Unusual Route to Ambassador Post : Appointments: His nomination has drawn some critics. But his biggest boost may come from his wife, Rep. Maxine Waters". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2017.
  106. ^ How much are they worth? Maxine Waters, Los Angeles Times.
  107. ^ "Maxine Waters says her sister died from coronavirus". MSN. Retrieved 2020.
  108. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (July 20, 1992). "Camille Cosby, Kathleen Battle Win Candace Awards". Jet. 82 (13): 16-17.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Augustus Hawkins
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 29th congressional district

Succeeded by
Henry Waxman
Preceded by
Jerry Lewis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 35th congressional district

Succeeded by
Gloria Negrete McLeod
Preceded by
Donald Payne
Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus
Succeeded by
Jim Clyburn
Preceded by
Joe Baca
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 43rd congressional district

Preceded by
Barney Frank
Ranking Member of the House Financial Services Committee
Succeeded by
Patrick McHenry
Preceded by
Jeb Hensarling
Chair of the House Financial Services Committee
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Collin Peterson
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Jerrold Nadler

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes