Mayor of Shanghai
Get Mayor of Shanghai essential facts below. View Videos or join the Mayor of Shanghai discussion. Add Mayor of Shanghai to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Mayor of Shanghai

Shanghai Municipal Government building

The Politics of Shanghai[1] is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC). In the last few decades the city has produced many of the country's eventual senior leaders, including Jiang Zemin, Zhu Rongji, Wu Bangguo, and Huang Ju.

Overview

The Mayor of the Shanghai Municipal People's Government (, shorten as ie Mayor of Shanghai Municipality) is the highest ranking executive official in Shanghai. Since Shanghai is a direct-controlled municipality of China, the Mayor occupies the same level in the order of precedence as provincial governors. However, in the city's dual party-government governing system, the mayor has less power than the Communist Party of China Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary (?, shorten as ), colloquially termed the "Shanghai CPC Party Chief" in English.

Before 1941, Shanghai had a split administration: the International Settlement (governed under the Shanghai Municipal Council), the French Concession, and the Chinese City. The Chinese city was invaded by the Japanese in 1937 and the foreign concessions were occupied by the Japanese in 1941. After the occupation, the foreign powers formally ceded the territory to the Nationalist Government in Chongqing (a move largely symbolic until the Japanese surrender since the Nationalists no longer controlled Shanghai).

List of provincial-level leaders

Secretaries of the Communist Party Shanghai Committee

Order Party Committee Secretary Term Notes
1 Rao Shushi 1949--1950 later purged in 1954
2 Chen Yi 1950--1954 Communist revolutionary, Marshal of the People's Liberation Army
Foreign Minister (1958-1972)
3 Ke Qingshi 1954--1965
4 Chen Pixian 1965--1967 Removed from office during January Storm
5 Zhang Chunqiao 1971--1976 Politburo Standing Committee (1973-1976)
Member of the Gang of Four
Titled "Secretary of the Revolutionary Committee of Shanghai"
6 Su Zhenhua 1976--1979 De facto Peng Chong; General, Admiral
7 Peng Chong 1979--1980
8 Chen Guodong 1980--1985
9 Rui Xingwen 1985--1987
10 Jiang Zemin 1987--1989 Politburo Standing Committee (1989-2002)
General Secretary (1989-2002) and President (1993-2003)
11 Zhu Rongji 1989--1991 Politburo Standing Committee (1997-2002)
Premier (1998-2003)
12 Wu Bangguo 1991--1994 Politburo Standing Committee (2002-2012)
Chairman of the National People's Congress (2002-2012)
13 Huang Ju 1994-- 15 November 2002 Politburo Standing Committee (2002-2006)
Vice-Premier (2002-2006)
14 Chen Liangyu 15 November 2002 -- 24 September 2006 dismissed for corruption, convicted in 2008, jailed.
-- Han Zheng 24 September 2006 -- 24 March 2007 Acting
15 Xi Jinping 24 March 2007 -- 27 October 2007 Politburo Standing Committee (2007-)
General Secretary (2012-), President (2013-)
16 Yu Zhengsheng 27 October 2007 -- 20 November 2012 Politburo Standing Committee (2012-2017)
National Committee Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
17 Han Zheng 20 November 2012 -- 29 October 2017 Politburo Standing Committee (2017- )
Vice-Premier(2018- )
18 Li Qiang 29 October 2017 --

Mayors of Shanghai

Prior to the establishment of the office of Mayor of Shanghai, the city's administration was overseen by the circuit intendant ("taotai"). The office was abolished at the fall of the Qing.

Mayor Term Notes
Huang Fu 7 July 1927 - April 1929 First mayor of Shanghai.
Zhang Qun 1 April 1929 - 6 January 1932
Wu Tiecheng January 1932 - April 1937
Yu Hung-chun April 1937 - November 1937 Fled city following fall of Shanghai to the Empire of Japan in the Battle of Shanghai.
Chen Gongbo November 1940 - December 1944 Japanese collaborationist
Zhou Fohai December 1944 - August 1945 last Japanese collaborationist mayor, arrested by Kuomintang forces
K. C. Wu August 1945 - May 1949 last Kuomintang mayor, fled after communist takeover
Chen Yi May 1949 -- November 1958 military commander
Ke Qingshi November 1958 -- 9 April 1965
Cao Diqiu December 1965 -- 24 February 1967 purged during the Cultural Revolution
Zhang Chunqiao 24 February 1967 -- October 1976 Chairman of Shanghai Revolutionary Committee
Member of Gang of Four, sentenced for treason
Su Zhenhua November 1976 -- 7 February 1979 Chairman of Shanghai Revolutionary Committee
Peng Chong 7 February 1979 -- April 1981 De facto head from late 1976.
Wang Daohan April 1981 -- July 1985 Jiang mentor
Jiang Zemin July 1985 -- April 1988 Promoted to party chief
Zhu Rongji April 1988 -- April 1991 Promoted to party chief
Huang Ju April 1991 -- February 1995 Promoted to party chief
Xu Kuangdi February 1995 -- 7 December 2001 Demoted
Chen Liangyu 7 December 2001 -- 21 February 2003 Promoted to party chief
Han Zheng 21 February 2003 -- 26 December 2012 Concurrently acting party chief 2006-2007, promoted to party chief in 2012
Yang Xiong 26 December 2012 -- 17 January 2017
Ying Yong 20 January 2017 -- 12 February 2020
Gong Zheng 23 March 2020 --

Chairpersons of Shanghai People's Congress

  1. Yan Youmin (): 1979-1981
  2. Hu Lijiao (): 1981-1988
  3. Ye Gongqi (): 1988-1998
  4. Chen Tiedi () (female): 1998-2003
  5. Gong Xueping (): 2003-2008
  6. Liu Yungeng (): 2008-2013
  7. Yin Yicui () (female): 2013-2020
  8. Jiang Zhuoqing (): 2020-incumbent

Chairpersons of the Political Conference Shanghai Committee

  1. Ke Qingshi (): 1955-1958
  2. Chen Pixian (): 1958-1967
  3. Peng Chong (): 1977-1979
  4. Wang Yiping (): 1979-1983
  5. Prof. Li Guohao (): 1983-1988
  6. Prof. Xie Xide () (female): 1988-1993
  7. Chen Tiedi () (female): 1993-1998
  8. Wang Liping (): 1998-2003
  9. Jiang Yiren (): 2003-2008
  10. Feng Guoqin (): 2008-2013
  11. Wu Zhiming (): 2013-2018
  12. Dong Yunhu (): 2018-incumbent[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Politics of Shanghai". South China Morning Post. China. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ Dongfang, Wang (January 27, 2018). "?|-". www.xinhuanet.com. Xinhua News Agency.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Mayor_of_Shanghai
 



 



 
Music Scenes