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A simple temple of Montu existed here already towards the end of the Old Kingdom, or during the First Intermediate period. It was surrounded by a wall. It is now located below the present temple.
There were two pylons, one behind the other and, beyond them, there was a double cave sanctuary, the underground chambers of which were marked with mounds on the surface. These mounds of earth probably functioned as 'primeval mounds'.
During the Middle Kingdom's 12th dynasty, the old temple was completely rebuilt on a bigger scale.
Further building and renovation continued well into the time of the Roman Empire.