Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
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Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
Medical College, Bengal Logo.svg
MottoLatin: Cum Humanitate Scientia
Motto in English
Humanity and Science
TypeMedical college and hospital
Established28 January 1835; 185 years ago (28 January 1835)
FounderLord William Bentinck
PrincipalManju Bandyopadhyay
88 College Street, Kolkata 700001

22°34?25?N 88°21?43?E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619Coordinates: 22°34?25?N 88°21?43?E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619
26 acres (0.11 km2)
AffiliationsWest Bengal University of Health Sciences
Medical College, Calcutta India Stamp 1985

Calcutta Medical College, officially Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, is an Indian medical school and hospital. The school was established in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck as Medical College, Bengal during British Raj.

It is the second oldest medical college to teach Western medicine in Asia after Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry and the first to teach in the English language. The hospital associated with the college is the largest hospital in West Bengal. The college offers a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) after five and a half years of medical training, among other qualifications.

Foundation of Calcutta Medical College


The college was ranked 19th among medical colleges in India in 2019 by Outlook India.[2]

Frontal facade of the administrative block


In Memory of Sree Dhiraranjan Sen

Student politics is rooted in tradition, with many students participating in the Indian freedom struggle.[3][page needed] Anti-British movements were implemented with the programmes of Bengal Provincial Students' Federation (BPSF),[3] the Bengal branch of All India Students' Federation. Student politics was initially focused on the independence of India.[3] In 1947, Sree Dhiraranjan Sen, a student of the college, died during a Vietnam Day police firing.[4] The Vietnam Students' Association passed a resolution in its Hanoi session in memory of Sen in March 1947.[5][pages needed]

Student politics were highly influenced by the partition of Bengal and communal riots during and after the partition of India.[6] Between 1946 and 1952, the college's doctors stood for communal harmony and worked hard[tone] in the refugee colonies. During 1952, ex-students of the college, among them Bidhan Chandra Roy who became the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, established the Students' Health Home for the welfare of students.[6][7]

From the 1950s to the 1970s, the college became a centre of leftist and far-left politics.[8] Student politics was highly influenced by the Naxalbari uprising in the early 1970s.[9]

Notable alumni

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Data for NIRF'2020'" (PDF). Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Feb 13, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "India's Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2019". Outlook. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Dagupta, H?rena; Adhik?r?, Harin?ra?a (2008). Bh?rata Upam?h?de?era ch?tra ?ndolana [Student Movement in Indian Sub-continent] (in Bengali). Kalak?t?: Ryiky?la. ISBN 8185459800.
  4. ^ Bengal Legislative Council Debates (1947). 1947. pp. 79-88.
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Gautam. [History of India's student movement] (in Bengali).
  6. ^ a b Jha, Purnendu; Banerjee, Naresh (2003). [People's Relief Committee:A Glowing Account] (in Bengali). People's Relief Committee. pp. 11, 42-61.
  7. ^ Chattopadhaya, Pashupatinath (2001). ? ( ) [Students' Health Home (The First Decade)] (in Bengali). Arun Sen Memorial Committee.
  8. ^ Chakraborty, Shyamal (2011). 60-70 Er Chatra Andolan (in Bengali). N.B.A Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9788176262408.
  9. ^ Mitra, Saibal. Saater Chhatra Andolon [An essay on Student Movement of Sixties] (in Bengali). ISBN 81-7990-069-X.
  10. ^ "Profile on SERB" (PDF). Scientific and Engineering Research Board. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ Bose, Anjali (editor), Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol II, 1996/2004,(in Bengali), p215, 219, ISBN 81-86806-99-7


  • David Arnold, Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth Century India, Delhi, 1993
  • Calcutta Medical College, The Centenary of the Medical College, Bengal, 1835-1934. Calcutta, 1935
  • Das, Anirban; Sen, Samita (2011). "A history of the Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, 1835-1936". In Dasgupta, Uma (ed.). Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, C. 1784-1947. Pearson Education India. pp. 477-522. ISBN 978-81-317-2818-5.
  • Poonam Bala, Imperialism and Medicine in Bengal: A Socio-Historical Perspective, New Delhi, 1991
  • Sen, S.N., Scientific and Technical Education in India 1781-1900, Indian National Science Academy, 1991

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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