Melchior Tavernier
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Plan of Paris published by Melchior Tavernier in 1630

Melchior Tavernier (1594-1665) was a French engraver, printmaker and print publisher.[1]

Early life and training

He was the son of Gabriel II Tavernier,[2][3] an engraver who moved from Antwerp to Paris in 1573.[4] He had four siblings: Jean-Baptiste (who became a well-known writer and traveller), Gabriel III, Daniel, and Marie. He described his uncle, the elder Melchior Tavernier (1544-1641), who is otherwise obscure, as having introduced the art of engraving to Paris.[1][5] He apprenticed with Thomas de Leu on 30 June 1609.[2][6]

Career

In 1618 Tavernier became an intaglio engraver and printer to the king (graveur et imprimeur en taille-douce du Roi) with an emphasis on maps. Abraham Bosse became his apprentice in 1621. Tavernier operated his shop in Paris at many locations but finally settled on the Isle du Palais, first on the rue de Harlay and later on the quai facing the quai de la Mégisserie [fr], where it was known as 'L'Espic d'Or' (1627-1635), then 'La Sphère Royalle' (1635 and later).[1] In 1644 he sold his shop to Pierre Mariette (1596-1657), the grandfather of Jean Mariette.[7]

The French writer and traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier was his brother.

Works

Works that he published include:

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ a b c British Museum 2012.
  2. ^ a b Préaud et al. 1987, pp. 289-290.
  3. ^ Grivel 1996.
  4. ^ Benezit 2006a.
  5. ^ Benezit 2006b says Melchior Tavernier was "born in 1564 (?) in Antwerp, died 1641, in Paris".
  6. ^ Grivel 1996.
  7. ^ Walsh 1996, p. 415.

Bibliography

  • Benezit (2006a). "Tavernier, Gabriel", vol. 13, p. 732, in Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Paris: Gründ. ISBN 9782700030709.
  • Benezit (2006b). "Tavernier, Melchior", vol. 13, p. 733, in Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Paris: Gründ. ISBN 9782700030709.
  • British Museum (c. 2012). "Melchior Tavernier (Biographical details)" (archive copy), Collection Database, The British Museum.
  • Grivel, Marianne (1996b). "Leu, Thomas de", vol. 19, p. 257, in The Dictionary of Art, 34 volumes, edited by Jane Turner. New York: Grove. ISBN 9781884446009.
  • Préaud, Maxime; Pierre Casselle; Marianne Grivel; Corinne Le Bitouze (1987). Dictionnaire des éditeurs d'estampes à Paris sous l'Ancien Régime. Promodis. ISBN 2903181608.
  • Walsh, Amy L. (1996). "Mariette family", vol. 20, pp. 415-418, in The Dictionary of Art, 34 volumes, edited by Jane Turner. New York: Grove. ISBN 9781884446009.

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