Memphis Willie B.
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Memphis Willie B.
Memphis Willie B.
William Borum
Born (1911-11-04)November 4, 1911
Shelby County, Tennessee, United States
Died October 5, 1993(1993-10-05) (aged 81)
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Genres Memphis blues, Piedmont blues[1]
Guitarist, singer, songwriter, musician
Instruments Guitar, harmonica, vocals
Early 1930s-late 1960s
Labels Vocalion, Bluesville

Memphis Willie B. (November 4, 1911[1] - October 5, 1993)[2] was an American Memphis blues guitarist, harmonica player, singer and songwriter.[1]

He was known for his work with Jack Kelly's Jug Busters and the Memphis Jug Band. His career was revived in the 1960s after years away from the music industry.[1] He recorded "The Stuff Is Here" and "Stop Cryin' Blues".[2] His 1961 song "Overseas Blues" retrospectively expressed the fear of World War II servicemen who had survived the conflict in Europe and were sent to fight in the Pacific War.[3]

Biography

He was born William Borum in Shelby County, Tennessee.[1][2] He was taught to play the guitar by his father, and he busked with Jack Kelly's Jug Busters in his teenage years. He quickly moved on to work with the Memphis Jug Band, which played locally and at Mardi Gras in New Orleans. He extended his repertoire after being taught to play the harmonica by Noah Lewis.[4]

Willie B. developed away from a disciplined jug band style and played at various locations with Robert Johnson, Garfield Akers, Sonny Boy Williamson II and Willie Brown, who periodically travelled up from the Mississippi Delta to play.[1] Willie B. first recorded at the age of 23, in September 1934 in New York City, for Vocalion Records.[5] He soon returned to working in the Memphis area, in the company of Little Son Joe, Will Shade and Joe Hill Louis.[1][4]

He enlisted in the U.S. Army in January 1942 and served in the North African invasion (Operation Torch) in December 1942 and later in Italy.[6] After being discharged from the Army, he discovered it hard to find work as a musician and eventually took up other employment. He returned to the music industry in the early 1960s and recorded sufficient material for two albums for Bluesville Records in Memphis in 1961.[1][5] This provided the impetus for a resurgence in his musical career, and he played at various music festivals and in coffeehouses. He often performed with Gus Cannon and Furry Lewis, reliving their early Memphis days.[1][7][8]

Willie B. once stated, "A blues is about something that's real. It's about what a man feels when his wife leaves him, or about some disappointment that happens to him that he can't do anything about. That's why none of these young boys can really sing the blues. They don't know about the things that go into a blues".[9]

He abruptly stopped playing in the late 1960s, and little was heard of him until his death, in 1993, at the age of 81.[1][2]

Discography

Studio albums

Year Title Record label
1961 Introducing Memphis Willie B. Bluesville
1962 Hard Working Man Blues Bluesville

[10]

Compilation

Year Title Record label
2012 A Mess of Blues Black Cat

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Koda, Cub. "Memphis Willie B". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1992-1993". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ Evans, David (2008). Ramblin' on My Mind: New Perspectives on the Blues. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 329. ISBN 978-0-252-03203-5. 
  4. ^ a b "William Borum". Thebluestrail.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Memphis Willie B. Discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved 2011. 
  6. ^ Van Rijn, Guido (2004). The Truman and Eisenhower Blues: African-American Blues and Gospel Songs, 1945-1960. Athens, Georgia: Continuum. p. 28. ISBN 0-8264-5657-X. 
  7. ^ "Willie B. Memphis". Jet. June 27, 1963. p. 64. 
  8. ^ Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 99. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  9. ^ Tracy, Steven Carl (1999). Write Me a Few of Your Lines: A Blues Reader. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. p. 235. ISBN 1-55849-205-4. 
  10. ^ "Memphis Willie B.: Discography". AllMusic.com. November 4, 1911. Retrieved . 

External links


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