- For the son of Ramesses III, see Meryatum II
Meryatum ("Beloved of Atum") was an Ancient Egyptian prince and High Priest of Re, the son of Pharaoh Ramesses II and Nefertari.
He is shown as 16th on the processions of princes, and is likely to have been the last child born to Ramesses and Nefertari (after Amun-her-khepeshef, Pareherwenemef, Meritamen, Henuttawy and Meryre). He is depicted in the Smaller Abu Simbel temple, dedicated to Nefertari. Inscriptions at Karnak and elsewhere show Nefertari was his mother.
He visited Sinai in the second decade of his father's reign, and later in that decade was appointed as High Priest of Ra in Heliopolis, a position he held for the next twenty years.
Two of his statues are now in Berlin and a stela belonging to him is in Hildesheim. An ostrakon mentions work on his tomb and that of Isetnofret; it implies he was buried in the area of the Valley of the Queens, though it is also possible he was buried in KV5, the tomb built for the sons of Ramesses, since a fragment of one of his canopic jars was found there.
Monuments and Objects
Meryatum is known from several inscriptions.
- Inscription at Serabit el-Khadim depicting Prince Meryatum with the Troop-commander and Royal Cupbearer Ashahebsed and Troop-commander Amenemope.
- Façade of the Small Temple at Abu Simbel; two of the colossal statues of the King are flanked by small statues of the King's Son Meryatum and the King's Son Meryre (the other two are flanked by Amun-her-khepeshef and Prehirwenemef)
- Inscription at the Temple of Mut at Karnak; The inscription names Meryatum and Queen Nefertari: Text made by the King's Son Ramesses-Meryatum, born of Queen Nefertari-Meryetmut, may she live forever! (Kitchen)
- Statue of Queen Nefertari with a depiction of Prince Meryatum at the left side (Brussels E.2459)
- Stela of Subordinate Akhpet from Qantir (Pelizaeus-Museum) mentions the King's Son, Chief of Seers, pure of hands in the House of Re, Mery-Atum, justified.
- A statue with Standards (Berlin 19716) mentions on the Dorsal Pillar: Hereditary Prince and Count, Chief of Secrets in the Mansion of the Bennu bird, bodily King's son, beloved of him, Chief of Seers, Mery-Atum. (Kitchen )
- The dorsal Pillar of a statue in Berlin (Berlin 7347). On the left side the inscription reads: [...in] the Great Mansion, Setem priest in the Horizon of Eternity, Eyes of the King at the head of his Two Lands, with the utterance of whose mouth people are pleased; King's Son, Chief of Seers, pure of hands in the house of Re, Meryatum, renewed in life, born of the Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Nefertari Meryetmut. (Kitchen ) And on the right side it reads: [...Chariot]eer of his father the Victorious King, Horus-Falcon, Beloved of Maat; King's Son, Chief of Seers, pure of hands in the house of Re, Meryatum, born of the Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Nefertari Meryetmut. (Kitchen) While the main text says: Hereditary Prince, Royal princeling, Judge(?) of the people, born of the Great Royal Wife, Chief of Seers, pure of hands in the house of Re, Meryatum. (Kitchen )
- An ostracon in Cairo (JdE 72460) mentions "work-in-progress of the Chief of Seers, Meryatum". Probably refers to work on the tomb of Meryatum (i.e. KV5)
- In the Valley of the Kings in KV5 two calcite canopic jars were found in chamber 3. One mentions Qebehsenuef, the other Hapi.
- ^ Dodson, Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004, pp. 167-168, 172.
- ^ a b c d e Kitchen, K.A., Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
- ^ Weeks, K., KV5: A Preliminary Report on the Excavation of the Tomb of the Sons of Ramesses II in the Valley of the Kings.