Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
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Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
Barcelona urban area
Mapa SituaciónEn.PNG
Core cityBarcelona
 o Metro
4,268 km2 (1,648 sq mi)
 o Metro
5,355,127 Increase
 o Metro density1,250/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Nominal$177 billion (4th in EU)

The Barcelona urban area is an urban area in Catalonia in Spain, centered on the city of Barcelona. With a population of over 5 million, it is the most populous urban area on the Mediterranean coast, and one of the largest in Europe.


The urban area - the core of the metropolitan area - of Barcelona has a population of 4,604,000,[1] being the sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, Ruhr area, Madrid and Milan. The Larger Urban Zone has a population of 4,440,629[2] according to Eurostat.

As stated by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of United Nations, the metropolitan area of Barcelona has a population of 5,083,000,[3] according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development it has a population of 4,900,000[4] and according to the Eurostat it has a population of 5,375,774.[5] According to Idescat it has a population of 5,029,181,[6] according to it has a population of 4,992,778[7] and according to World Gazetteer it has a population of 5,068,252.[8]

The Zones

Barcelona metropolitan area
Population Area (km2) Density/km2
Barcelona 1,621,537 101 15,793
First Zone 1,598,534 532 2,923
Second Zone 1,481,937 1,362 1,070
Third Zone 747,810 2,273 329
5,355,127 4,268 1,255

Polynuclear Urban Region

P.U.R. of Barcelona
Population Area (km2) Density/km2
Barcelona metro 5,355,127 4,268 1,255
Tarragona Area 411,876 656 628
Girona Area 336,218 1,081 311
6,103,221 6,005 1,016

According to the EURBANET project by Delft University of Technology[9] it speaks about polynuclear urban region when there exists a series of important urban centers that relate intensely among them and to the exterior. This one is the case of bordering zones to the urban region that they extend around the cities of Tarragona and Girona. They are areas with a great economic dependence and services to the capital. They are narrow corridors well communicated to Barcelona, both by highway and railroad, which there fuse the metropolitan areas of these cities with the urban region. The PUR of Barcelona comprises 6,103,221 people in an area of 6,005 km2.

Barcelona Polynuclear Urban Region is conceived as "isolated islands of significant growth" which, may develop into zones of global economic integration. This is, however, not intended to happen at the cost of the global competitive position of the present core area.[10]

Municipalities of metropolitan area - population and area

First zone


Second zone


Third zone


Municipalities of Polynuclear Urban Region - population and area

Tarragona area


Girona area


See also



  1. ^ Demographia: World Urban Areas, 2013
  2. ^ "Urban Audit". Eurostat. 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-02-12.
  3. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision) Archived October 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, (United Nations, 2010), Table A.12. Data for 2007.
  4. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  5. ^ "Population by sex and age groups on 1 January" - Eurostat, 2012
  6. ^ Àmbit Metropolità. Sèrie temporal (in Catalan)
  7. ^ Most Populous Metropolitan Areas In Europe -
  8. ^ Europe: metropolitan areas Archived October 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine - World Gazetteer, 2012
  9. ^ EURBANET project Archived December 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ EURBANET: Introduction Theoretical Framework[permanent dead link] - Delft University of Technology, 2002

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