Miami International Airport
|Operator||Miami-Dade Aviation Department (MDAD)|
|Location||Unincorporated Miami-Dade County|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||9 ft / 3 m|
FAA airport diagram
Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA), also known as MIA and historically as Wilcox Field, is the primary airport serving the Miami area, Florida, United States, with over 1,000 daily flights to 167 domestic and international destinations, and one of three airports serving this area. The airport is in an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County, 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Downtown Miami, in metropolitan Miami, adjacent to the cities of Miami and Miami Springs, and the village of Virginia Gardens. Nearby are the cities of Hialeah and Doral, and the Census-designated place of Fontainebleau.
It is South Florida's main airport for long-haul international flights and a hub for the Southeastern United States, with passenger and cargo flights to cities throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. It is the largest gateway between the United States and south to Latin America, and is one of the largest airline hubs in the United States.
Miami International Airport covers 1,335 hectares (3,300 acres). It is Florida's busiest airport by total aircraft operations and total cargo traffic and its second busiest by total passenger traffic after Orlando. The airport is American Airlines' third largest hub and serves as its primary gateway to Latin America. Miami also serves as a focus city for Avianca, Frontier Airlines, and LATAM, both for passengers and cargo operations.
The first airport on the site of MIA opened in the 1920s and was known as Miami City Airport. Pan American World Airways opened an expanded facility adjacent to City Airport, Pan American Field, in 1928. Pan American Field was built on 116 acres of land on 36th Street and was the only mainland airport in the eastern United States that had port of entry facilities. Its runways were located around the threshold of today's Runway 26R. Eastern Airlines began to serve Pan American Field in 1931, followed by National Airlines in 1936. National used a terminal on the opposite side of LeJeune Road from the airport, and would stop traffic on the road in order to taxi aircraft to and from its terminal. Miami Army Airfield opened in 1943 during the Second World War to the south of Pan American Field: the runways of the two were originally separated by railroad tracks, but the two airfields were listed in some directories as a single facility. Following World War II in 1945, the City of Miami established a Port Authority and raised bond revenue to purchase Pan American Field, which had been since renamed 36th Street Airport, from Pan Am. It merged with the former Miami Army Airfield, which was purchased from the United States Army Air Force south of the railroad in 1949 and expanded further in 1951 when the railroad line itself was moved south to make more room. The old terminal on 36th Street was closed in 1959 when the center modern passenger terminal (since greatly expanded) opened. United States Air Force Reserve troop carrier and rescue squadrons also operated from the airport from 1949 through 1959, when the last unit relocated to nearby Homestead Air Force Base, (now Homestead Air Reserve Base).
Nonstop flights to Chicago and Newark Liberty International Airport in northeast New Jersey started in late 1946, but nonstops didn't reach west beyond St. Louis and New Orleans until January 1962. Nonstop transatlantic flights to Europe began in 1970. In the late 1970s and early 1980s Air Florida had a hub at MIA, with a nonstop flight to London, England which it acquired from National upon the latter's merger with Pan Am. Air Florida ceased operations in 1982 after the crash of Air Florida Flight 90.British Airways flew a Concorde SST (supersonic transport) triserial between Miami and London via Washington, D.C. (Dulles International Airport) from 1984 to 1991.
After former Apollo 8 astronaut Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Center in New York City to Building 16 in the northeast corner of MIA, Eastern's maintenance base. Eastern remained one of the largest employers in the Miami metropolitan area until ongoing labor union unrest, coupled with the airline's acquisition by union antagonist Frank Lorenzo in 1986, ultimately forced the airline into bankruptcy in 1989.
In the midst of Eastern's turmoil, American Airlines CEO Bob Crandall sought a new hub in order to utilize new aircraft which AA had on order. AA studies indicated that Delta Air Lines would provide strong competition on most routes from Eastern's hub at Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, but that MIA had many key routes only served by Eastern. American announced that it would establish a base at MIA in August 1988. Lorenzo considered selling Eastern's profitable Latin American routes to AA as part of a Chapter 11 reorganization of Eastern in early 1989, but backed out in a last-ditch effort to rebuild the MIA hub. The effort quickly proved futile, and American purchased the routes (including the route authority between Miami and London then held by Eastern sister company Continental Airlines) in a liquidation of Eastern which was completed in 1990. Later in the 1990s, American transferred more employees and equipment to MIA from its failed domestic hubs at Nashville, Tennessee, and Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina. The hub grew from 34 daily departures in 1989 to 157 in 1990, 190 in 1992 and a peak of 301 in 1995, including long-haul flights to Europe and South America. Today Miami is American's largest air freight hub and is the main connecting point in the airline's north-south international route network.
Pan American World Airways ("Pan Am"), the other longtime key carrier at MIA, was acquired by Delta Air Lines in 1991, but filed for bankruptcy shortly thereafter. Its remaining international routes from Miami to Europe and Latin America were sold to United Airlines for $135 million as part of Pan Am's emergency liquidation that December. United's Latin American hub offered 24 daily departures in the summer of 1992, growing to 36 daily departures to 21 destinations in the summer of 1994, but returned to 24 daily departures in the summer of 1995 and never expanded further. United ended flights from Miami to South America, and shut down its Miami crew base, in May 2004, reallocating most Miami resources to its main hub in O'Hare International Airport in Chicago. United ceased all mainline service to Miami in 2005 with the introduction of its low-cost product Ted.
Iberia also established a Miami hub in 1992, positioning a fleet of DC-9 aircraft at MIA to serve destinations in Central America and the Caribbean. The hub took advantage of rights granted under the 1991 bilateral aviation agreement between the United States and Spain. However, the September 11, 2001 attacks made it necessary for many aliens to obtain a visa in order to transit the United States, and as a result United Airlines and Iberia closed their hubs in 2004. Miami remains the most important hub between Europe and Latin America, and today more European carriers serve MIA than any other airport in the United States, except John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York.
MIA is projected to process 77 million passengers and 4 million tons of freight annually by 2040. To meet such a demand, the Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners approved a $5 billion improvement plan to take place over 15 years and concluding in 2035.
The comprehensive plan includes concourse optimization, construction of two on-site luxury hotels, and expansion of the airport's cargo capacity.
Miami International Airport contains three terminals (North, Central and South) and six concourses for a total of 131 gates. With the exception of Concourse G, all concourses contain gates to access US Customs and Border Protection facilities.
American operates three Admirals Clubs and one Flagship Lounge across Concourses D & E. Numerous other lounges exist across the airport as well, including an American Express Centurion Lounge located in Concourse D.
Miami International Airport uses the MIA Mover, a free people mover system to transfer passengers between MIA terminals and Miami Airport station that opened to the public on September 9, 2011. By 2015, the Station also provided direct service to Tri-Rail and Amtrak services.
Miami International Airport has direct public transit service to Miami-Dade Transit's Metrorail, Metrobus network; Greyhound Bus Lines and to the Tri-Rail commuter rail system. Metrorail operates the Orange Line train from Miami International Airport to destinations such as Downtown, Brickell, Civic Center, Coconut Grove, Coral Gables, Dadeland, Hialeah, South Miami and Wynwood. It takes approximately 15 minutes to get from the airport to Downtown.
MIA is served directly by Tri-Rail, Miami's commuter rail system, which began service on April 5, 2015. Tri-Rail connects MIA to northern Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties. Tri-Rail directly serves points north such as: Boca Raton, Deerfield Beach, Delray Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood, Pompano Beach and West Palm Beach.
MIA has a number of air cargo facilities. The largest cargo complex is located on the west side of the airport, inside the triangle formed by Runways 12/30 and 9/27. Cargo carriers such as LAN Cargo, Atlas Air, Southern Air, Amerijet International and DHL operate from this area. The largest privately owned facility is the Centurion Cargo complex in the northeast corner of the airport, with over 51,000 m2 (550,000 sq ft) of warehouse space.FedEx and UPS operate their own facilities in the northwest corner of the airport, off of 36th Street. In addition to its large passenger terminal in Concourse D, American Airlines operates a maintenance base to the east of Concourse D, centered around a semicircular hangar originally used by National Airlines which can accommodate three widebody aircraft.
|Aerolíneas Argentinas||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza|||
|Air Canada Rouge||Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson|||
|Air France||Fort-de-France, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince|||
|American Airlines|| Antigua, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Barbados, Barcelona, Barranquilla, Belize City, Bermuda, Bogotá, Bonaire, Boston, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cali, Cancún, Cartagena, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Curaçao, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Georgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Grand Cayman, Grenada, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hartford, Havana, Houston-Intercontinental, Kansas City, Kingston-Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Managua, Manaus, Medellín-JMC, Mexico City, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Montevideo, Montréal-Trudeau, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Panama City-Tocumen, Paramaribo (begins July 1, 2021),Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pereira, Philadelphia, Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, St. Croix, St. Kitts, St. Louis, St. Lucia-Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, St. Vincent-Argyle, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José-Juan Santamaría (CR), San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Tegucigalpa, Tel Aviv (begins June 4, 2021),Toronto-Pearson, Washington-National|
Seasonal: Eagle/Vail, Fort-de-France, Nassau, Roatán, Syracuse
|American Eagle|| Atlanta, Austin, Birmingham (AL), Charleston (SC), Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus-Glenn, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort-de-France, Freeport, Gainesville, George Town, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Key West, Knoxville, Liberia (CR), Little Rock (begins June 5, 2021),Louisville, Marsh Harbour, Memphis, Mérida, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Monterrey, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-LaGuardia, Norfolk, North Eleuthera, Oklahoma City, Pensacola, Pittsburgh, Pointe-à-Pitre, Portland (ME), Richmond, Roatán, St. Louis, Savannah, Tallahassee|
Seasonal: Cozumel, Dayton, Des Moines, Grand Rapids, Jackson (MS), Lexington, Milwaukee, Omaha, Providenciales, Rochester (NY)
|Avianca||Barranquilla, Bogotá, Cali, Medellín-JMC|||
|Avianca Costa Rica||San José-Juan Santamaría (CR) (begins July 1, 2021)|
|Avianca El Salvador||Guatemala City, Managua, San Salvador|||
|Bahamasair||Nassau, San Salvador (Bahamas)|||
|Boliviana de Aviación||Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru|||
|Caribbean Airlines||Kingston-Norman Manley, Port of Spain|||
|Cayman Airways||Cayman Brac, Grand Cayman|||
|Copa Airlines||Panama City-Tocumen|||
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Salt Lake City|||
|Delta Connection||Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Tampa|||
|Eastern Airlines||Asunción, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Georgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Guayaquil, Quito, Montevideo, Santo Domingo-Las Américas|||
|El Al||Tel Aviv|||
|Frontier Airlines|| Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Guatemala City, Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Newark, New York-LaGuardia, Ontario (CA) (resumes April 12, 2021),Orlando, Philadelphia, Providence, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, San Juan, San Salvador, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, St. Thomas, Trenton|
Seasonal: Cleveland, Hartford, Montego Bay (begins May 28, 2021)
|Gol Transportes Aéreos||Brasília,Fortaleza (resumes June 27, 2021)|
|JetBlue||Boston, Hartford (begins June 24, 2021),Los Angeles, Newark, New York-JFK|||
|LATAM Brasil||Belém, Fortaleza, Manaus, Recife, Salvador da Bahia, São Paulo-Guarulhos|||
|LATAM Chile||Bogotá, Punta Cana, Santiago de Chile|||
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin|||
|Scandinavian Airlines||Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda|||
|Southwest Airlines||Atlanta, Austin (begins June 6, 2021), Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Dallas-Love, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Nashville, St. Louis (begins May 9, 2021)|||
|Sun Country Airlines||Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul|||
|Surinam Airways||Aruba, Georgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Paramaribo|||
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|||
|TUI fly Belgium||Seasonal: Brussels|||
|United Airlines|| Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark|
Seasonal: Denver, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles
|United Express||Seasonal: Houston-Intercontinental|||
|Viva Air Colombia||Cartagena, Medellín-JMC|
|Volaris||Guadalajara, Mexico City|||
|21 Air||Bogotá, Guatemala City, Panama City, Philadelphia|
|ABX Air||Bogotá, Bridgetown, Cincinnati, Georgetown, Kingston-Norman Manley, Lima, Nashville, Panama City, Port of Spain, San José de Costa Rica|
|AeroUnion||Bogotá, Guatemala City, Mérida, Mexico City, San José de Costa Rica|
|Amazon Air||Baltimore, Chicago/Rockford, Cincinnati, Houston-Intercontinental, Ontario, Tampa|
|Ameriflight||Cancún, Key West, Mérida|
|Amerijet International||Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Basseterre, Belize City, Cancún, Curaçao, Dominica-Douglas/Charles, El Paso, Fort-de-France, Georgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Grenada, Guatemala City, Kingston-Norman Manley, Managua, Mexico City, Mérida, Monterrey, Panama City, Paramaribo, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Sacramento, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, St. Kitts, St. Maarten, St. Vincent-Argyle, Toledo, Vieux Fort, Washington--Dulles|
|Asiana Cargo||New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon|
|Avianca Cargo||Asunción, Barranquilla, Bogotá, Brussels, Cali, Campinas-Viracopos, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Lima, Manaus, Medellín-Córdova, Montevideo, Panama City, Quito, San José de Costa Rica, Santo Domingo-Las Américas|
|Cargolux||Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg City|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental|
|China Airlines Cargo||Anchorage, Houston-Intercontinental, New York-JFK, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|DHL Aviation||Anchorage, Atlanta, Barbados, Bogotá, Cincinnati, Guatemala City, Lima, Los Angeles, Nashville, Orlando, Panama City, Paramaribo, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, Santo Domingo-Las Américas|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa, Bogotá, Lagos, Liège, Mexico City, New York-JFK, Zaragoza|
|FedEx Express||Atlanta, Bogotá, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Medellín, Memphis, Newark, Ontario, Orlando|
|FedEx Feeder||Kingston-Norman Manley|
|IBC Airways||Cap-Haïtien, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Grand Cayman, Havana, Kingston-Norman Manley, Marsh Harbour, Montego Bay, Nassau, Port-au-Prince, Providenciales, Santiago de los Caballeros|
|Kalitta Air||Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Houston--Intercontinental, Madrid, Port-au-Prince, Santiago de Chile|
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Campinas-Viracopos, Lima, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon|
|LATAM Cargo Brasil||Asunción, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Cabo Frio, Campinas-Viracopos, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Manaus, Panama City, Porto Alegre, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Salvador, San José de Costa Rica, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Vitória|
|LATAM Cargo Chile||Amsterdam, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Guatemala City, Lima, Medellín-Córdova, Montevideo, Quito, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos|
|LATAM Cargo Colombia||Amsterdam, Antofagasta, Asunción, Bogotá, Brussels, Campinas-Viracopos, Cali, Guatemala City, Madrid, Medellín-Córdova, Panama City, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Atlanta, Frankfurt|
|Martinair||Amsterdam, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Guatemala City, Lima, London-Stansted, Quito, Santiago de Chile|
|Mas Air||Guadalajara, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Panama City|
|Northern Air Cargo||Barbados, Georgetown--Cheddi Jagan, Kingston-Norman Manley, Lima, Paramaribo, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, San Juan, St. Maarten, Santo Domingo|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Doha, Liège, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Quito, São Paulo-Guarulhos|
|Southern Air||Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong|
|Lima, Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru, El Alto International Airport|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Atatürk, Madrid|
|UPS Airlines||Atlanta, Austin, Bogotá, Campinas-Viracopos, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbia (SC), Columbus-Rickenbacker, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Fort Lauderdale, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Harrisburg, Jacksonville (FL), Knoxville, Louisville, Managua, Memphis, New Orleans, Orlando, Panama City, Peoria, Philadelphia, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, Springfield/Branson, Tampa, West Palm Beach|
|Western Global Airlines||Asunción, Bogotá, Ciudad del Este, Montevideo, Quito, Santiago de Chile|
|1||Atlanta, Georgia||406,000||American, Delta, Frontier|
|2||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||365,000||American, Frontier|
|3||Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois||335,000||American, Frontier, United|
|4||New York-LaGuardia, New York||301,000||American, Delta, Frontier|
|5||Charlotte, North Carolina||292,000||American|
|6||Newark, New Jersey||286,000||American, Frontier, United|
|7||Los Angeles, California||246,000||American|
|8||New York-JFK, New York||220,000||American, Delta|
|9||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||198,000||American, Frontier|
|10||Houston-Intercontinental, Texas||183,000||American, United|
|1||São Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil||830,132||American, LATAM|
|2||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||776,480||American, British Airways, Virgin Atlantic|
|3||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina||735,222||Aerolíneas Argentinas, American, LATAM|
|4||Havana, Cuba||673,701||American, Delta|
|5||Panama City, Panama||631,233||American, Copa Airlines|
|6||Bogotá, Colombia||574,859||American, Avianca, LATAM|
|7||Lima, Peru||574,473||American, Avianca, LATAM|
|8||Madrid, Spain||574,140||Air Europa, American, Iberia|
|9||Mexico City, Mexico||516,803||Aeroméxico, American, Volaris|
|10||Santo Domingo-Las Américas, Dominican Republic||437,769||American|
|Rank||Airline||Passengers||Percent of market share|
|2||Delta Air Lines||1,160,000||10.10%|