Michèle Mercier at age 49
Jocelyne Yvonne Renée Mercier
1 January 1939
|Occupation||actress, dancer, singer|
|André Smagghe |
Michèle Mercier (born 1 January 1939 as Jocelyne Yvonne Renée Mercier) is a French actress. In the course of her career she has worked with leading directors like François Truffaut, Jean-Pierre Melville, Jacques Deray, Dino Risi, Mario Monicelli, Mario Bava, Peter Collinson and Ken Annakin. Her leading men have included Marcello Mastroianni, Vittorio Gassman, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Jean Gabin, Charles Aznavour, Robert Hossein, Charles Bronson, Tony Curtis and Charlton Heston. She has appeared in over fifty films, and is best known for her starring role in Angelique, Marquise des Anges.
The daughter of a French pharmacist father and an Italian mother, she initially wanted to be a dancer. The circumstances of war made this difficult and her parents saw it as only a whim; however, her determination won through and she joined the "ballet-rats", as the dancers of the chorus are termed. She was soon advanced to soloist in the Nice Opéra. At the age of 15 she met Maurice Chevalier, who predicted that she would be a success.
She moved to Paris aged 17, and first joined the troupe of Roland Petit, then the company of the "Ballets of the Eiffel Tower". Parallel to her career as dancer, Mercier studied acting under Solange Sicard. For her film début her birth name seemed too long and old-fashioned. It was suggested she take the name Michèle: this happened to be name of her younger sister, who had died at the age of five from typhoid fever. However, she adopted the name as a tribute to the actress Michèle Morgan.
After some romantic comedies and a small role in François Truffaut's Tirez sur le pianiste ("Shoot The Pianist", 1960), she worked in England and made some films in Italy, mainly with a small budget and usually playing women of easy virtue.
Mercier needed a role which could make her a star. In 1963, when it was decided to make a movie of the sensational novel Angélique, the Marquise of the Angels, she got her chance. Many actresses were approached to play the role of Angélique. Producer Francis Cosne wanted Brigitte Bardot for the part, but she refused. Annette Stroyberg was considered next, but judged not sufficiently well-known. Catherine Deneuve was too pale, Jane Fonda spoke French with an American accent, and Virna Lisi was busy in Hollywood. The most serious actress considered was Marina Vlady. She almost signed a contract, but Mercier won the role after trying out for it: she did not appreciate this very much because she was being treated like a beginner at a time when she was already well known in Italy. At the time she was contacted to play Angélique, she had already acted in over twenty films. During the next four years she made five sequels which enjoyed astonishing success. However the role of Angelique was both a blessing and a curse. It catapulted her to almost instant stardom, rivalling Brigitte Bardot in celebrity and popularity, but the character overshadowed all other aspects of her career. By the end of the 1960s, the names "Angélique" and Michèle Mercier were synonymous.
Attempting to break free from the character of Angélique, Mercier played against Jean Gabin in The Thunder of God, directed by Denys de la Patellière. She then appeared with Robert Hossein in La Seconde Vérité, directed by Christian-Jaque. After this she left France and tried to restart her career in the United States, unfortunately without much success.
After a 14-year layoff, she returned in the 1998 film La Rumbera, directed by Piero Vivarelli. In 1999, having lost several million francs in a business venture, Mercier had serious financial problems. She even planned to sell the famous wedding gown of Angélique. The actress confessed in Nice-Matin: "I am ruined, I'll be obliged to sell part of my paintings, my furniture, my properties, my jewels and the costumes of Angélique". In 2002, at the Cannes Film Festival, she presented her second book of memoirs. Mercier was made a chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres on 6 March 2006.
Mercier married the assistant director André Smagghe in 1961. He turned out to be an alcoholic who was eventually hospitalized. They divorced in 1965. After a long relationship she married the well-known racing driver Claude Bourillot in 1970, but he disappeared one day with all her jewels and money leaving her penniless. They divorced in 1976. Her other relationships were also uniformly disastrous. She claimed that her co-star Vittorio Gassman once tried to rape her, and that an Italian, Prince N., refused to marry her after many years of courtship. She was also pursued by Bettino Craxi and Silvio Berlusconi.
|1957||Retour de manivelle||Jeanne||Denys de La Patellière||with Daniel Gélin, Michèle Morgan and Peter Van Eyck|
|1960||Shoot the Piano Player||Clarisse||François Truffaut||with Charles Aznavour, Marie Dubois and Nicole Berger...|
|1961||Goodbye Again||Third Maisie||Anatole Litvak||with Ingrid Bergman, Yves Montand and Anthony Perkins|
|1961||Fury at Smugglers' Bay||Louise Lejeune||John Gilling||with Peter Cushing, John Fraser and Bernard Lee|
|1961||The Wonders of Aladdin||Princess Zaiha||Henry Levin and Mario Bava||with Donald O'Connor, Fausto Tozzi, Vittorio De Sica and Mario Girotti|
|1962||Avenger of the Seven Seas||Jennifer||Domenico Paolella||with Richard Harrison and Roldano Lupi|
|1962||Roaring Years||Elvira Acquamano||Luigi Zampa||with Nino Manfredi, Gastone Moschin and Gino Cervi|
|1963||Shivers in Summer||Gigi||Luigi Zampa||with Vittorio Gassman and Philippe Leroy|
|1963||Black Sabbath||Rosy (episode "The telephone")||Mario Bava||with Lidia Alfonsi|
|1963||Magnet of Doom||Lou||Jean-Pierre Melville||with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Charles Vanel|
|1963||The Thursday||Elsa||Dino Risi||with Walter Chiari and Umberto D'Orsi|
(episode "L'oppio dei popoli")
|Dino Risi||with Ugo Tognazzi|
|1964||A Global Affair||Lisette||Jack Arnold||with Bob Hope, Barbara Bouchet and Yvonne De Carlo|
|1964||High Infidelity||Clara (episode "Gente Moderna")||Mario Monicelli|
|1964||Angélique, Marquise des Anges||Angélique||Bernard Borderie||with Robert Hossein, Jean Rochefort and Giuliano Gemma|
|1964||Marvelous Angelique||Angélique||Bernard Borderie||with Jean Rochefort and Giuliano Gemma|
|1964||Casanova 70||Noelle||Mario Monicelli||with Marcello Mastroianni, Virna Lisi, Marisa Mell and Marco Ferreri|
|1965||God's Thunder||Simone Leboucher||Denys de La Patellière||with Jean Gabin, Robert Hossein and Lilli Palmer|
|1965||Angelique and the King||Angélique||Bernard Borderie||Robert Hossein, Jacques Toja and Sami Frey|
|1966||How I Learned to Love Women||Franziska||Luciano Salce||with Robert Hoffmann and Nadja Tiller|
|1966||Soleil Noir||Christine Rodier||Denys de La Patellière||with Daniel Gélin and Valentina Cortese|
|1967||The Oldest Profession||Brit
(episode " L'Amour à l'âge de pierre")
|1967||Untamable Angelique||Angélique||Bernard Borderie||with Robert Hossein|
|1968||Angelique and the Sultan||Angélique||Bernard Borderie||with Robert Hossein and Jean-Claude Pascal|
|1968||Emma Hamilton||Emma Lyon-Hamilton||Christian-Jaque||with Richard Johnson and John Mills|
|1969||Cemetery Without Crosses||Maria Caine||Robert Hossein||with Robert Hossein|
|1970||You Can't Win 'Em All||Aila||Peter Collinson||with Tony Curtis and Charles Bronson|
|1971||Roma Bene||Wilma Rappi||Carlo Lizzani||with Senta Berger, Virna Lisi, Nino Manfredi and Irene Papas|
|1971||Web of the Spider||Elisabeth Blackwood||Anthony Dawson||with Anthony Franciosa and Klaus Kinski|
|1972||The Call of the Wild||Calliope Laurent||Ken Annakin||with Charlton Heston|
|1979||Goetz von Berlichingen of the Iron Hand||Adelheid von Walldorf||Wolfgang Liebeneiner||based on a work by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, with Raimund Harmstorf|
"When people talk with me they always refer to Angélique, but I have also played fifty other women. I have tried for a long time to forget about her. But now I see her as a little sister who is always by my side and I have learned to live with her."