Michigan's 11th Congressional District
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Michigan's 11th Congressional District

Michigan's 11th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
Population (2019)735,677
Median household
income
$88,253[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+2[2]

Michigan's 11th congressional district is a United States congressional district northwest of Detroit, comprising portions of northwestern Wayne and southwestern Oakland counties. Until 1993, the district covered the state's Upper Peninsula and the northernmost portion of the Lower Peninsula (a.k.a. Northern Michigan). In redistricting that year, it was shifted to the outer Detroit area. Its former geographical area is now the state's first district.

Its current configuration dates from 2003. Population growth in the Detroit suburbs resulted in redistricting to create a new district in that region, even as Michigan lost a district overall after the census.

The 11th district was represented by Thad McCotter from 2003 until his resignation on July 6, 2012.[3][4] He was replaced by Democrat David Curson, who won a special election on November 6, 2012.[4][5] Curson was sworn in on November 13. He was replaced by Kerry Bentivolio in January 2013, who had been elected in the regular fall election in 2012.[4][6] David Trott was elected in 2014 after defeating Bentivolio in the Republican primary, and took office in January 2015. He did not seek reelection in 2018. Democrat Haley Stevens was elected on November 6, 2018, and is the current representative for the eleventh district.

History

The 11th congressional district formed in 1993 was given portions of the old 15th (mainly Westland), 2nd (Livonia), 17th (the included portion of Southfield), 6th (Highland and White Lake Townships), and 18th congressional districts. Most of its territory came from the old 18th congressional district.

In 2003, the district was essentially split in two. The bulk of the district-most of the Oakland County portion-became the 9th district, while a new 11th was created mostly out of the Wayne County portion of the old 11th, combined with a sliver of Oakland.

Politics

The area that the 11th now covers has historically been strongly Republican. Since the 1990s it has become a swing district, with a slight Republican lean. After 2018 and 2020 Elections, it is a purple swing district.

Major cities

[7]

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2020 President Biden 52 - 47%
2018 Senate Stabenow 51 - 48%
2018 Governor Whitmer 52 - 46%
2016 President Trump 50 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2008 President Obama 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 47%
2000 President Bush 51 - 47%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 46%
1992 President Bush 47 - 37%

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1883
Edward Breitung Marquette Mi.JPG
Edward Breitung
Republican March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
Retired.
SethCMoffatt.jpg
Seth C. Moffatt
Republican March 4, 1885 -
December 22, 1887
49th
50th
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Died.
Vacant December 22, 1887 -
February 14, 1888
50th
Henry W. Seymour (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Henry W. Seymour
Republican February 14, 1888 -
March 3, 1889
Elected to finish Moffatt's term.
Lost renomination.
Samuel M. Stephenson (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Samuel M. Stephenson
Republican March 4, 1889 -
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
Elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
JohnAvery.jpg
John Avery
Republican March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Retired.
William S. Mesick (Michigan Congressman).jpg
William S. Mesick
Republican March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Lost renomination.
Archibald Bard Darragh.jpg
Archibald B. Darragh
Republican March 4, 1901 -
March 3, 1909
57th
58th
59th
60th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Retired.
Francis H. Dodds (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Francis H. Dodds
Republican March 4, 1909 -
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Lost renomination.
Francis O. Lindquist (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Francis O. Lindquist
Republican March 4, 1913 -
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.
Retired.
Frank D. Scott (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Frank D. Scott
Republican March 4, 1915 -
March 3, 1927
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Lost renomination.
Frank P. Bohn (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Frank P. Bohn
Republican March 4, 1927 -
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
Prentiss Marsh Brown.jpg
Prentiss M. Brown
Democratic March 4, 1933 -
November 18, 1936
73rd
74th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator and resigned following early appointment.
Vacant November 18, 1936 -
January 3, 1937
74th
John Luecke (Michigan Congressman).jpg
John F. Luecke
Democratic January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
Fred Bradley (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Fred Bradley
Republican January 3, 1939 -
May 24, 1947
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Died.
Vacant May 24, 1947 -
August 26, 1947
80th
Charles Edward Potter.jpg
Charles E. Potter
Republican August 26, 1947 -
November 4, 1952
80th
81st
82nd
Elected to finish Bradley's term.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator and resigned to take seat.
Vacant November 4, 1952 -
January 3, 1953
82nd
VictorKnox.png
Victor A. Knox
Republican January 3, 1953 -
January 3, 1965
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Lost re-election.
Raymond F. Clevenger.jpg
Raymond F. Clevenger
Democratic January 3, 1965 -
January 3, 1967
89th Elected in 1964.
Lost re-election.
Philip Ruppe.jpg
Philip Ruppe
Republican January 3, 1967 -
January 3, 1979
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Retired.
Robert William Davis.jpg
Robert W. Davis
Republican January 3, 1979 -
January 3, 1993
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Retired.
Joe knollenberg.jpg
Joe Knollenberg
Republican January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Thaddeus McCotter, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Thad McCotter
Republican January 3, 2003 -
July 6, 2012
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Failed to qualify for renomination and then resigned.[a]
Vacant July 6, 2012 -
November 13, 2012
112th
David Curson, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
David Curson
Democratic November 13, 2012 -
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish McCotter's term.
Retired.
Kerry Bentivolio, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Kerry Bentivolio
Republican January 3, 2013 -
January 3, 2015
113th Elected in 2012.
Lost renomination.
David Trott official congressional photo.jpg
Dave Trott
Republican January 3, 2015 -
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Retired.
Haley Stevens, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Haley Stevens
Democratic January 3, 2019 -
Present
116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
  1. ^ McCotter had sought the nomination for Republican nomination for president, but dropped out following the Iowa Straw Poll. He then tried to qualify for the primary, however fewer than 1,000 signatures were declared valid, meaning he did not qualify to appear on the primary ballot.

Recent election results

2012

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2012[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kerry Bentivolio 181,788 50.8
Democratic Syed Taj 158,879 44.4
Libertarian John Tatar 9,637 2.7
Green Steven Paul Duke 4,569 1.3
Natural Law Daniel Johnson 3,251 0.9
n/a Write-ins 15 0.0
Total votes 358,139 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

2014

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2014[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dave Trott 140,435 55.9
Democratic Bobby McKenzie 101,681 40.5
Libertarian John Tatar 7,711 3.0
Republican Kerry Bentivolio (incumbent) (write-in) 1,411 0.6
Total votes 251,238 100.0
Republican hold

2016

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2016 [10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dave Trott (incumbent) 200,872 52.9
Democratic Anil Kumar 152,461 40.2
Independent Politician Kerry Bentivolio 16,610 4.4
Libertarian Jonathan Ray Osment 9,545 2.5
Total votes 379,488 100.0
Republican hold

2018

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2018[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Haley Stevens 181,912 51.8
Republican Lena Epstein 158,463 45.2
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 5,799 1.7
Independent Cooper Nye 4,727 1.3
Total votes 350,901 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2020

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2020[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Haley Stevens (incumbent) 226,128 50.2
Republican Eric Esshaki 215,405 47.8
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 8,936 2.0
Independent Frank Acosta (write-in) 4 0.0
Total votes 450,473 100.0
Democratic hold

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ Spangler, Todd (July 6, 2012). "Rep. Thaddeus McCotter resigns, citing 'nightmarish' circumstances". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Current vacancies - 112th Congress, 2nd Session". Clerk of the House of Representatives. 2012. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ Gray, Kathleen (November 6, 2012). "Curson and Bentivolio both won bids for McCotter's seat". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ Tierney, Christine (November 14, 2012). "Democrat Curson starts short term in McCotter seat". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "Our District". Archived from the original on June 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ https://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/michigan
  9. ^ https://mielections.us/election/results/14GEN/
  10. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved 2020.

References

Coordinates: 42°31?48?N 83°27?14?W / 42.53000°N 83.45389°W / 42.53000; -83.45389


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