Michigan's 1st Congressional District
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Michigan's 1st Congressional District
Michigan's 1st congressional district
MI 1Michigan US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Area24,875[1] sq mi (64,430 km2)
Distribution
  • 36.58[2]% urban
  • 63.42% rural
Population (2016)699,621[3]
Median income$48,416[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[5]

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 16 counties of Northern Michigan in the Lower Peninsula. The district is currently represented by Republican Jack Bergman.

Geography

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area, behind Maine's 2nd congressional district. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's At-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 31 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another, Mason County.

History

Prior to 1992 the 1st Congressional District was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964 the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent). In 1964 the 1st Congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district that that district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

After 1992, the 1st district covered land in the UP and Northern Michigan. Most of this territory had been in the 11th District from 1892 to 1992. The 1st from 1992-2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Michigan, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 54 - 45%
2016 President Trump 58 - 37%

Major cities in the district

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland 1.jpg Robert McClelland Democratic March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Alexander W. Buel Democratic March 4, 1849 -
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg Ebenezer J. Penniman Whig March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
DavidStuartMI.jpg David Stuart Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Governor William A Howard.jpg William A. Howard Opposition March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1857 -
March 3, 1859
35th
No image.svg George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 -
May 15, 1860
36th Election challenged
Governor William A Howard.jpg William A. Howard Republican May 15, 1860 -
March 3, 1861
36th Successfully challenged predecessor's election
No image.svg Bradley F. Granger Republican March 4, 1861 -
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
Fernando C. Beaman - Brady-Handy.jpg Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1863 -
March 3, 1871
38th
39th
40th
41st
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Henry Waldron - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd Redistricted to the 2nd district
No image.svg Moses W. Field Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Alpheus S. Williams.jpg Alpheus S. Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 -
December 21, 1878
44th
45th
Died
Vacant December 21, 1878 -
March 4, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
John S. Newberry (Michigan Congressman).jpg John S. Newberry Republican March 4, 1879 -
March 3, 1881
46th [Data unknown/missing.]
HenryWLord.jpg Henry W. Lord Republican March 4, 1881 -
March 3, 1883
47th [Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamCMayburyDetroit.jpg William C. Maybury Democratic[6] March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnLChipman.jpg John L. Chipman Democratic March 4, 1887 -
August 17, 1893
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 -
November 7, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Levi T. Griffin (Michigan Congressman).jpg Levi T. Griffin Democratic December 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
John Blaisdell Corliss.jpg John B. Corliss Republican March 4, 1895 -
March 3, 1903
54th
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alfred Lucking (Michigan Congressman).jpg Alfred Lucking Democratic March 4, 1903 -
March 3, 1905
58th [Data unknown/missing.]
ECDenby.jpg Edwin C. Denby Republican March 4, 1905 -
March 3, 1911
59th
60th
61st
[Data unknown/missing.]
FrankEDoremusDetroit.jpg Frank E. Doremus Democratic March 4, 1911 -
March 3, 1921
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
GeorgePCoddDetroit.jpg George P. Codd Republican March 4, 1921 -
March 3, 1923
67th [Data unknown/missing.]
RobertHClancy.jpg Robert H. Clancy Democratic March 4, 1923 -
March 3, 1925
68th [Data unknown/missing.]
JohnBSosnowski.jpg John B. Sosnowski Republican March 4, 1925 -
March 3, 1927
69th Lost renomination
RobertHClancy.jpg Robert H. Clancy Republican March 4, 1927 -
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
George G. Sadowski.jpg George G. Sadowski Democratic March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rudolph Gabriel Tenerowicz, Michigan Congressman.jpg Rudolph G. Tenerowicz Democratic[7] January 3, 1939 -
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
[Data unknown/missing.]
George G. Sadowski.jpg George G. Sadowski Democratic January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1951
78th
79th
80th
81st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz (Michigan Congressman).jpg Thaddeus M. Machrowicz Democratic January 3, 1951 -
September 18, 1961
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant September 18, 1961 -
November 7, 1961
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lucien N. Nedzi (cropped).jpg Lucien N. Nedzi Democratic November 7, 1961 -
January 3, 1965
87th
88th
Redistricted to the 14th district
John Conyers 1977 Congressional photo.jpg John Conyers Democratic January 3, 1965 -
January 3, 1993
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted to the 14th district
Bart Stupak official portrait.jpg Bart Stupak Democratic January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 2011
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Retired
Dan Benishek, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG Dan Benishek Republican January 3, 2011 -
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
Retired
Jack Bergman photo (cropped).jpg Jack Bergman Republican January 3, 2017 -
present
115th
116th
Incumbent

Elections

Living former Members

As of October 2019, there are three living former members. The most recent representative to die was John Conyers (served 1965-1993) on October 27, 2019.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Lucien N. Nedzi 1961-1965 (1925-05-28) May 28, 1925 (age 94)
Bart Stupak 1993-2011 (1952-02-29) February 29, 1952 (age 67)
Dan Benishek 2011-2017 (1952-04-20) April 20, 1952 (age 67)

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007.
  2. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=01
  5. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.

References

External links

Coordinates: 46°09?26?N 86°26?13?W / 46.15722°N 86.43694°W / 46.15722; -86.43694


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