Michigan's 4th Congressional District
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Michigan's 4th Congressional District
Michigan's 4th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 36.67[1]% urban
  • 63.33% rural
Population (2016)700,487[2]
Median income$49,448[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+10[4]

Michigan's 4th congressional district is a United States Congressional district that from 2003 to 2013 included portions of Northern and Central Michigan, consisting of all of Clare, Clinton, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Isabella, Kalkaska, Leelanau, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Osceola, and Roscommon counties and the northern portion of Shiawassee and most of the western portion of Saginaw counties. The district was slightly altered in the 2012 redistricting.

The 4th is represented by John Moolenaar. This district has had Republican representation since the 1930s.

Major cities

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 60 - 35%
2012 President Romney 54 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2004 President Bush 55 - 44%
2000 President Bush 54 - 44%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 41%
1992 President Clinton 38 - 37%

United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2010 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2014

History

Michigan's 4th Congressional District was first formed in 1852. At this time It covered everywhere from Macomb County to the western end of the Upper Peninsula. Ingham County was not in the district, and then the boundary turned northward after Eaton County only going west again Midland County was reached. It went west again along Midland and subsequent counties southern lines and then headed north again on the east side of Muskegon County, with Manistee being its southern county that bordered Lake Michigan.

In 1863 it gained the areas around Grand Rapids and Muskegon but lost everything east of Ionia County and most of the Upper Peninsula. In 1872 it was redrawn to cover Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, Van Buren and St. Joseph Counties. In 1892 these boundaries were altered by the addition of Allegan and Barry Counties but the subtraction of Kalamazoo County. This remained the district boundaries for the next 72 years.

In 1964 the 4th district was redrawn. Barry County was subtracted from the district while Branch and Hillsdale Counties were added. In 1972 the district boundaries were altered by adding small sections of Calhoun County and subtracting small portions of Hillsdale and St. Joseph Counties.

The 1982 redistricting removed from the district all of Hillsdale County and the portion of Calhoun County that was in the district. Quincy and Butler Townships in Branch County were also removed. In Kalamazoo County Schoolcraft Township and most of Portage were added to the district. The southern and western portions of Allegan County and most of western Ottawa County including Holland, Michigan were also in the district.

In the renumbering of 1992 this district essentially became the 6th, while the old 10th became the new 6th.

The old 10th and 1990s 6th

The old 10th included most of Grand Traverse and all of Kalkaska County which were lost to the new 1st (old 11th) in the 1992 redistricting. It also included Wexford County that was moved to the new 2nd (old 9th) in the 1992 redistricting. The only other areas lost were small parts of Antrim and Iosco Counties and a portion of Shiawasee County consisting of Durand and Vernon Township.

The new 4th gained Montcalm county from the old 9th district. It gained the Clinton and most of the Shiawasee portions of the old 6th district and the northern half of Oscoda County. It also gained a portion of south-west Saginaw County and the portion of Midland County that had not been in the old 10th.

In 2002 Leelaunau County and a small section of north-west Grand Traverse County were the only areas gerrymandered from the 1st and other districts into the 4th that had not been in the old 10th.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1853
No image.svg Hestor L. Stevens Democratic March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 33rd
George Washington Peck (Michigan Congressman).jpg George Washington Peck Democratic March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 34th
DeWitt C. Leach, Representative from Michigan, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-length portrait LCCN2010649420.jpg De Witt C. Leach Republican March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1861 35th
36th
RowlandETrowbridge.jpg Rowland E. Trowbridge Republican March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 37th
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg Francis William Kellogg Republican March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1865 38th Redistricted from the 3rd district
TWFerry.jpg Thomas W. Ferry [5] Republican March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871 39th
40th
41st
Vacant March 4, 1871 -
December 4, 1871
Wilder D. Foster (Michigan Congressman).jpg Wilder D. Foster [5] Republican December 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873 42nd Redistricted to the 5th district
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 43rd
Allen Potter (Michigan Congressman).jpg Allen Potter Democratic March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 44th
Edwin W. Keightley (Michigan Congressman).jpg Edwin W. Keightley Republican March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879 45th
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1883 46th
47th
George L. Yaple (Michigan Congressman).jpg George L. Yaple Democratic [6] March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885 48th
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1893 49th
50th
51st
52nd
Redistricted to the 3rd district
Henry F. Thomas.jpg Henry F. Thomas Republican March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897 53rd
54th
Edward L. Hamilton.jpg Edward L. Hamilton Republican March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1921 55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
No image.svg John C. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1933 67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
No image.svg George E. Foulkes Democratic March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
Clare Eugene Hoffman.jpg Clare Hoffman Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1963 74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
J. Edward Hutchinson.jpg Edward Hutchinson Republican January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1977 88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
David Stockman Michigan.png David Stockman [7] Republican January 3, 1977- January 21, 1981 95th
96th
97th
Resigned after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Vacant January 21, 1981 -
April 21, 1981
Mark D. Siljander.jpg Mark Siljander [7] Republican April 21, 1981 - January 3, 1987 97th
98th
99th
FredUpton.jpg Fred Upton Republican January 3, 1987 - January 3, 1993 100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted to the 6th district
Dave Camp.jpg Dave Camp Republican January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2015 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Redistricted from the 10th district, Retired
John Moolenaar.jpg John Moolenaar Republican January 3, 2015 - Present 114th
115th
116th

Living former Members

As of July 2019, there are four living members. The most recent representative to die was J. Edward Hutchinson (served 1963-1977) on July 22, 1985.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
David Stockman 1977-1981 (1946-11-10) November 10, 1946 (age 72)
Mark D. Siljander 1981-1987 (1951-06-11) June 11, 1951 (age 68)
Fred Upton 1987-1993 (1953-04-23) April 23, 1953 (age 66)
Dave Camp 1993-2015 (1953-07-09) July 9, 1953 (age 66)

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=04
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=04
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ a b Thomas W. Ferry was re-elected to the House in the general election November 8, 1870; the Michigan Legislature subsequently elected him to U.S. Senate January 18, 1871; Wilder D. Foster was elected April 4, 1871 to fill the vacancy in the House.
  6. ^ George L. Yaple was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ a b Dave Stockman resigned on January 27, 1981, to accept appointment as Director of the Office of Management and Budget under U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Mark D. Siljander was elected in a special election to fill the vacancy and assumed office on April 21, 1981.

References

Coordinates: 43°43?54?N 84°45?01?W / 43.73167°N 84.75028°W / 43.73167; -84.75028


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