Mihrengiz Kad%C4%B1n
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Mihrengiz Kad%C4%B1n
Mihrengiz Kad?n
BornFatma
15 October 1869
Sochi, North Caucasus
Died12 December 1938(1938-12-12) (aged 69)
Alexandria, Egypt
Burial
Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Cairo, Egypt
SpouseMehmed V
Issue?ehzade Ömer Hilmi
HouseOttoman (by marriage)
ReligionSunni Islam

Mihrengiz Kad?n (Ottoman Turkish: ‎; 15 October 1869 - 12 December 1938) was the second wife of Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Early life

Mihrengiz Kad?n was born on 15 October 1869 in Sochi, North Caucasus [2]. Born as Fatma, she belonged to the Ubykh clan of Circassians.[3] She had a brother named Ibrahim Bey.[4]

In 1864, during the ethnic cleansing of Circassians, she had been brought to Istanbul as a young child, where her father entrusted to the imperial harem. Her name according to the custom of the Ottoman court was changed to Mihrengiz.[5]

Marriage

Mihrengiz married Mehmed as his second wife, when he had been a prince. On 2 March 1888, she gave birth to her only son, ?ehzade Ömer Hilmi in the Veliahd Palace.[6] On 27 April 1909, after Mehmed's accession to the throne,[7] she was given the title of "Second Consort".[1]

In 1912, the "Hilal-i Ahmer Centre for Women" was organized within the "Ottoman Hilal-i Ahmer Association", a foundation established in 1877 to provide medical care in Istanbul and surrounding communities.[8] Mihrengiz was a member of this organization.[4]

Safiye Ünüvar, a teacher at the Palace School, whom she met in 1915, noted in her memoirs that unlike the other wives, Mihrengiz was slim, while the others were quite heavier. This was because she had been suffering from illness from the past few years.[9][10]

On 30 May 1918, Mihrengiz met with the Empress Zita of Bourbon-Parma in the harem of Y?ld?z Palace, when the latter visited Istanbul with her husband Emperor Charles I of Austria.[11]

Last years and death

In 1924 they went into exile and settled in Alexandria. Her son suffered from a stroke and died soon after settling in Alexandria. She died on 12 December 1938 at Alexandria and was buried in the Mausoleum of the Egyptian prince Omar Tusun Pasha.[1]

Issue

Mihrengiz and Mehmed had one son:

  • ?ehzade Ömer Hilmi (Veliahd Palace, Istanbul, 2 March 1888 - Alexandria, Egypt, 2 November 1935, buried in Ömer Tosun Pasha Mausoleum);

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Uluçay 2011, p. 260. sfn error: no target: CITEREFUluçay2011 (help)
  2. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 284. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBrookes2010 (help)
  3. ^ Açba 2007, p. 168. sfn error: no target: CITEREFAçba2007 (help)
  4. ^ a b Açba 2007, p. 170. sfn error: no target: CITEREFAçba2007 (help)
  5. ^ Açba 2007, p. 169. sfn error: no target: CITEREFAçba2007 (help)
  6. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 287. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBrookes2010 (help)
  7. ^ Faroqhi, Suraiya (2008). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-521-62096-3.
  8. ^ Hacker, Barton; Vining, Margaret (August 17, 2012). A Companion to Women's Military History. BRILL. p. 199. ISBN 978-9-004-21217-6.
  9. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 208. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBrookes2010 (help)
  10. ^ Sakao?lu 2008, p. 702. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSakao?lu2008 (help)
  11. ^ Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hat?ralar?. L & M. p. 56. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.

Sources

  • Uluçay, M. Ça?atay (2011). Padi?ahlar?n kad?nlar? ve k?zlar?. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Harun (2007). Kad?n efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Sakao?lu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kad?n Sultanlar?: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kand?nefendiler, Sultanefendiler. O?lak Yay?nc?l?k. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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