Zh?nghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù
|Formed||28 September 1954|
|Type||Constituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level executive department)|
|Headquarters||Fuxing Road, Beijing|
|Parent agency||State Council|
Central Military Commission
|Website||www.mod.gov.cn (in English)|
The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: ?; pinyin: ), or the "National Defense Ministry" (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) for short, is the second-ranked cabinet level executive department under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense.
The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954. In contrast to practice in other nations, the MND does not exercise command authority over the People's Liberation Army (PLA), which is instead subordinate to the Central Military Commission (CMC). Instead, the MND itself only serves as liaison body representing the CMC and PLA when dealing with foreign militaries in military exchange and cooperation.
Its official responsibilities had been to exercise unified administration over the development of the armed forces of the country such as recruitment, organization, equipment, training, scientific military research of the PLA and the ranking and remuneration of the officers and servicemen. However, in reality these responsibilities are carried out by the CMC's 15 departments.
There are very few departments under the Ministry of National Defense and actually operated by the CMC departments.
Although the Ministry itself does not exercise much authority, the role of the Minister of National Defense has always been viewed as one of the most important positions in the country's political system. The position of Minister has always been given to an active military officer (with the exception of Geng Biao), a State Councilor and a member of the Chinese Communist Party's Central Committee and member (sometimes a Vice Chairman) of the Central Military Commission, enabling him to take part in the decision making in the PLA, the Government and the Party.
|No.||Portrait||Minister||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Defence branch|
|28 September 1954||17 September 1959||4 years, 6 months||PLA Ground Force|
|17 September 1959||13 September 1971||12 years, 4 months||PLA Ground Force|
|17 January 1975||26 February 1978||3 years, 1 month||PLA Ground Force|
|26 February 1978||6 March 1981||2 years, 11 months||PLA Ground Force|
|6 March 1981||19 November 1983||2 years, 3 months||Formerly PLA Ground Force|
|19 November 1982||12 April 1988||5 years, 4 months||PLA Ground Force|
|12 April 1988||29 March 1993||4 years, 11 months||PLA Ground Force|
|29 March 1993||17 March 2003||9 years, 11 months||PLA Ground Force|
|17 March 2003||17 March 2008||5 years||PLA Ground Force|
|17 March 2008||16 March 2013||4 years, 11 months||PLA Ground Force|
|16 March 2013||19 March 2018||5 years||PLA Ground Force|
|19 March 2018||Incumbent||3 years, 258 days||PLA Rocket Force|