Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
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Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
Ministry of National Defense
of the People's Republic of China
?
Zh?nghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
ChinaDOD.jpg
Ministry of National Defense HQ, Beijing
Agency overview
Formed28 September 1954
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level executive department)
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
HeadquartersFuxing Road, Beijing
39°54?28?N 116°19?15?E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083Coordinates: 39°54?28?N 116°19?15?E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083
Agency executive
Parent agencyState Council
Central Military Commission
Websitewww.mod.gov.cn (in English)
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg

politics and government of
China
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China portal

The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: ?; traditional Chinese: ?; pinyin: Zh?nghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù) or for short the "National Defense Ministry" (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Guófángbù) is the second ranked ministry under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense.

The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954. In contrast to practice in other nations, the MND does not exercise command authority over the People's Liberation Army (PLA), which is instead subordinate to the Central Military Commission (CMC). Instead, the MND itself only serves as liaison body representing the CMC and PLA when dealing with foreign militaries in military exchange and cooperation.

Its official responsibilities had been to exercise unified administration over the development of the armed forces of the country such as recruitment, organization, equipment, training, scientific military research of the PLA and the ranking and remuneration of the officers and servicemen. However, in reality these responsibilities are carried out by the CMC's 15 departments.

Structure

There are a number of departments under the Ministry of National Defense:

  • General Office
  • Foreign Affairs Office
  • Peacekeeping Office
  • Mobilisation Office

The Ministry of National Defense General Office is in fact the same body as the CMC General Office. Other offices are also staffed by personnel from the Joint Staff Department.

Minister

Although the Ministry itself does not exercise much authority, the role of the Minister of National Defense has always been viewed as one of the most important positions in the country's political system. The position of Minister has always been given to an active military officer (with the exception of Geng Biao), a State Councilor and a member of the Communist Party's Central Committee and member (sometimes a Vice Chairman) of the Central Military Commission, enabling him to take part in the decision making in the PLA, the Government and the Party.

List of Defense Ministers

No. Minister Took office Left office Time in office
1
Peng Dehuai
Dehuai, PengMarshal
Peng Dehuai

(1898-1974)
September 1954April 19594 years, 7 months
2
Lin Biao
Biao, LinMarshal
Lin Biao

(1907-1971)
April 1959September 197112 years, 5 months
Vacant
1971-75
3
Ye Jianying
Jianying, YeMarshal
Ye Jianying

(1897-1986)
January 1975March 19783 years, 2 months
4
Xu Xiangqian
Xiangqian, XuMarshal
Xu Xiangqian

(1901-1990)
March 1978March 19813 years
5
Geng Biao
Biao, GengGeng Biao

(1909-2000)
March 1981June 19832 years, 3 months
6
Zhang Aiping
Aiping, ZhangGeneral
Zhang Aiping

(1910-2003)
June 1983March 19884 years, 9 months
7
Qin Jiwei
Jiwei, QinGeneral
Qin Jiwei

(1914-1997)
March 1988March 19935 years
8
Chi Haotian
Haotian, ChiGeneral
Chi Haotian

(born 1929)
March 1993March 200310 years
9
Cao Gangchuan
Gangchuan, CaoGeneral
Cao Gangchuan

(born 1935)
March 200317 March 20085 years
10
Liang Guanglie
Guanglie, LiangGeneral
Liang Guanglie

(born 1940)
17 March 200816 March 20134 years, 11 months
11
Chang Wanquan
Wanquan, ChangGeneral
Chang Wanquan

(born 1949)
16 March 201319 March 20185 years
12
Wei Fenghe
Fenghe, WeiGeneral
Wei Fenghe

(born 1954)
19 March 2018Incumbent2 years, 223 days

See also

References

  • "Ministry of National Defence". SinoDefence.com. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ministry_of_National_Defense_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China
 



 



 
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