|President of the United Nations General Assembly|
12 September 2017 - 19 September 2018
|María Fernanda Espinosa|
|9th and 11th Minister of Foreign Affairs|
4 April 2012 - 20 March 2020
26 January 2009 - 8 July 2010
|Chair of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe|
1 January 2019 - 1 January 2020
|Enzo Moavero Milanesi|
|6th High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina|
1 July 2007 - 28 February 2009
|3rd European Union Special Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina|
1 July 2007 - 28 February 2009
|Born||20 March 1963|
|Political party||Communist Party (1983-1990)|
Direction - Social Democracy (Non-member)
|Alma mater||Comenius University|
Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Miroslav Laj?ák (born 20 March 1963 in Poprad) is a Slovak politician and diplomat, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic. In addition, Laj?ak also served as President of the United Nations General Assembly for the 72nd session from 2017 until 2018.
Laj?ák attended primary school in Stará ?ubov?a. In 1977 his family moved to Bratislava, where he enrolled grammar school on Bilíková Street. He finished the final year of his secondary education at grammar school in Banská ?tiavnica. Later he studied law at the Comenius University in Bratislava for a year before he obtained a master's degree in international relations from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). As a student he was required to join the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. He also studied at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. In October 2018, he was awarded the title of Honorary Doctor of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations.
He is married to Jarmila Laj?áková-Harga?ová, a Slovak TV news presenter.
A member of the Communist Party, Laj?ák joined the Czechoslovak foreign ministry in 1988. Between 1991 and 1993 Laj?ák was posted to the Czechoslovak and subsequently Slovak embassy in Moscow. He was Slovakia's ambassador to Japan between 1994 and 1998. Between 1993 and 1994 he served as the chef de cabinet of Slovakia's then Foreign Minister and later Prime Minister, Jozef Morav?ík. Between 2001 and 2005, Laj?ák was based in Belgrade as Slovakia's Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later Serbia and Montenegro), with competence also on Albania and the Republic of Macedonia.
In 2005 the EU diplomacy chief Javier Solana called Laj?ák to supervise the 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum, which was narrowly approved. Serbs and Montenegrins remember his as a tough though fair negotiator.
On 30 June 2007 Solana again chose Laj?ák to succeed to Christian Schwarz-Schilling as the double-hatted High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina/EU Special Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (OHR/EUSR). He was soon acclaimed as "person of the year" by both Banja Luka-based Nezavisne novine and Sarajevo-based Dnevni Avaz dailies. Laj?ák acted in 2007-09 in line with a moderately strong role of the OHR (using Bonn powers more than Schwarz-Schilling but less than Paddy Ashdown); critics of the international supervision of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including David Chandler, pointed to his "authoritarian stance" as responsible for creating further crisis by trying to impose major institutional change and alter the Dayton peace agreement framework without domestic ownership or legitimacy. Laj?ák is deemed to have achieved results on the ground but at the price of endangering the credibility of EU conditionality by accepting merely cosmetic legal changes. The reasons behind his sudden departure from BiH in January 2009 also remain unclear.
Laj?ák did resort to the use of the Bonn Powers in the crisis related to the 2007 Law on the Council of Ministers, which caused a showdown with Milorad Dodik's SNSD. The law, aimed at revising decision-making procedures to make the BiH government less prone to blockages, triggered the resignation of the Bosnian prime minister Nikola Spiric (SNSD) and withdrawal of Bosnian Serbs from state institutions. The OHR then published an "authentic interpretation" of the law, claiming that it did not intend to change the composition of the Council of Ministers. Laj?ák also removed RS police officials deemed complicit in war crimes. Upon instructions of Solana, Laj?ák contented himself of cosmetic changes to bring to an end the police reform saga, leading to the signature of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the EU in June 2008, despite claims that the EU had lost his credibility by lowering the bar which had been set by Paddy Ashdown in 2005. Laj?ák suddenly announced his departure in January 2009, citing "frustrations" with the office ("I don't want to be the rider of a dead horse"); he claimed that Bonn powers prevented Bosnia and Herzegovinafrom addressing its own issues. In August 2008, Laj?ák asked BiH Presidency member Zeljko Komsic to "explain" his congratulations to Croatia on the Day of Victory, due to the different vision of operation Oluja in Republika Srpska and Croatia. 
In April 2012 Laj?ák was appointed again, as an independent, to the post of foreign minister and deputy prime minister in Robert Fico's Second Cabinet. He visited again Milorad Dodik in Banja Luka in June 2012.
Laj?ák visited Moscow in May 2014, at the height of the Crimea Crisis, and met with the Russian foreign minister Lavrov and deputy prime minister Dmitry Rogozin, whose name Slovak diplomats had previously unsuccessfully tried to erase from the EU sanctions list. Rogozin and Laj?ák were co-chairs of a joint Slovak-Russian cooperation body. 
After the 2014 Bosnian general election, Lajcak encouraged Milorad Dodik's SNSD party to enter the government coalition, despite having lost the Presidency seat, claiming that "new authorities must have legitimacy."  He visited again Milorad Dodik in Banja Luka in November 2016. 
During the 2016 Slovak Presidency, the EU Council did not agree on conclusions on EU enlargement; the "conclusions of the Presidency" which were issued instead of the usual Council conclusions were criticised for their wording and dubious legal value.
From May 2016 Laj?ák was one official candidate for the Eastern European Group to succeed to Ban Ki-moon during the 2016 United Nations Secretary-General selection; he received two "discourage" votes from the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council and was not elected.
In 2016 Laj?ák called on the EU to abandon its "ideological" approach to Russia and ease sanctions. In October 2018 he received an honorary PhD from Moscow's MGIMO, where he had graduated in 1987.
In November 2018 Lajcak lambasted as "antidemocratic" the proposed Kosovo/Serbia land swap and cautioned against the regional repercussions of such a proposal. In the same month, Slovakia abstained on Kosovo's membership in Interpol. 
Since 2019, Laj?ák has been serving on the Transatlantic Task Force of the German Marshall Fund and the Bundeskanzler-Helmut-Schmidt-Stiftung (BKHS), co-chaired by Karen Donfried and Wolfgang Ischinger.
Laj?ák was particularly active in East and South-East Europe in 2019 as Chairman-in-office of OSCE. He held talks with Lavrov in February, June, and September 2019. He used the visibility of the post to present himself as a possible EU envoy for the Western Balkans for the new EU diplomacy chief Josep Borrell. In September 2019, Laj?ák received an honorary PhD by Bosnian Croat leader Dragan Covic at the University of Mostar. He also repeated Bosnian Croat lines concerning the lack of legitimacy as a Croat of Bosnian Presidency member Zeljko Komsic.
Following the adoption by the Croatian Parliament of a "Resolution on the Position of Croats in BiH and the European Way of BiH", Laj?ák did not join 3 ex-OHR (Paddy Ashdown, Christian Schwarz-Schilling, Carl Bildt) who co-signed a letter denouncing the interference of Croatia in the domestic affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina ; rather, he commented that Bosnian Croats should be made to feel equal.
Between the EU-facilitated 5 August political agreement and the December breakthrough on a new SNSD-led government, on 27 Oct 2019, Laj?ák invited both Milorad Dodik and Dragan Covic to Bratislava for "international mediation". The meeting was criticised for not including the Bosniak side. "Lajcak lost the trust of Bosnian public with these biased moves and discredited himself", underlined the then caretaker prime minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Zvizdic himself.
In March 2020, following the 2020 Slovak parliamentary election, Laj?ák lost his place as Foreign Minister.
Article in Nezavisne novine: 
|Positions in intergovernmental organisations|
| President of the United Nations General Assembly
María Fernanda Espinosa
| High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
| Minister of Foreign Affairs