Mishar Tatar Dialect
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Mishar Tatar Dialect

Mishar Tatar or Misher Tatar, also Western Tatar ( Mi?är, Mi?är Tatar, könbat tatar) is a dialect of Tatar spoken by Mishar Tatars mainly located at Penza, Ulyanovsk, Orenburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Volgograd, Saratov oblasts of Russia and in Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Chuvashia, and Mordovia of Russian Federation and Finland.

Some[who?] linguists think that Mishar Tatar belongs to the Kypchak-Cuman group of languages rather than to the Kypchak-Bulgar group.

This is the dialect spoken by the Tatar minority of Finland. The origins of the Tatar community living in Finland rest upon the merchants coming from the Volga-Ural region of Russia in the 1860s and most of the people in this community came from Sergach Mishar Tatar villages in the province of Nizhny Novgorod. The success of the first Tatar migrations caused other villagers to migrate to Finland.[2]


Mishar Tatar dialects () are according to Makhmutova two (Ch and Ts)[3] or according to Gabdulkhay Akhatov three (Ch, Ts, and mixed)[4] groups.

In the Western (Mi?är) dialect Ç is pronounced [t?] (southern or Lambir Mi?ärs) and as [ts] (northern Mi?ärs or Nizhgars). C is pronounced [d?]. There are no differences between v and w, q and k, g and ? in the Mi?är dialect. The Cyrillic alphabet doesn't have special letters for q, ? and w, so Mi?är speakers have no difficulty reading Tatar written in Cyrillic.

Classification of Mishar Tatar dialects:


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Tatar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Küçük, Evren 2012. "Finlandiya'daki Türk-Tatar toplumu Archived 2013-01-24 at the Wayback Machine." In Tarihin Pe?inde - uluslararas? tarih ve sosyal ara?t?rmalar dergisi 8:114-140 (in Turkish)
  3. ^ ?.?. ? : ? ? . - ?.?, 1978. (in Russian)
  4. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. ? ? (? ? ? ). . -?, 1980 (in Russian)

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