Missouri's 6th Congressional District
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Missouri's 6th Congressional District
Missouri's 6th congressional district
Missouri US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Missouri's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Median income$58,778[1]
Cook PVIR+16[2]

Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph. The district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River (including Kansas City International Airport).

Rep. Graves (left) with George W. Bush at the Ford Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Missouri. March, 2007.

The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Chariton, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Jackson, Linn, Livingston, Mercer, Nodaway, Platte, Putnam, Schuyler, Sullivan, Worth.

Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate. The visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory.

George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004. The district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001. Graves easily held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points.

Historically, the 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the increasingly conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that historically voted for Yellow Dog Democrats.

Redistricting following 2010 Census

After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census (in part because of losses in population in several rural northern Missouri counties), the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois. The biggest geographic addition was in northeast Missouri (including Kirksville, Missouri and Hannibal, Missouri), which used to be the northern half of the old 9th district.[3]

The 6th lost Cooper and Howard counties to the 4th district, and Gladstone in southwestern Clay County to the 5th district.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Notes
District created March 4, 1853
John smith phelps.jpg John S. Phelps Democratic March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1863 33rd
34th
35th
36th
37th
Redistricted from the 5th district
AustinAugustusKing.jpg Austin A. King Unionist March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1865 38th
Hon. Robert T. Van Horn, Mo - NARA - 528304.jpg Robert T. Van Horn Republican March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871 39th
40th
41st
Abram Comingo.jpg Abram Comingo Democratic March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873 42nd Redistricted to the 8th district
Harrison E. Havens (Missouri Congressman).jpg Harrison E. Havens Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 43rd Redistricted from the 4th district
Charles Henry Morgan (Missouri Congressman).jpg Charles H. Morgan Democratic March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1879 44th
45th
James R. Waddill (Missouri Congressman).jpg James R. Waddill Democratic March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1881 46th
Ira S. Hazeltine, Missouri Congressman.jpg Ira S. Hazeltine Greenback March 4, 1881 - March 3, 1883 47th
John Cosgrove (Missouri Congressman).jpg John Cosgrove Democratic March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885 48th
JohnTHeard.jpg John T. Heard Democratic March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1893 49th
50th
51st
52nd
Redistricted to the 7th district
David A. De Armond (Missouri Congressman).jpg David A. De Armond Democratic March 4, 1893 - November 23, 1909 53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Redistricted from the 12th district, Died
Vacant November 23, 1909 - February 1, 1910
ClementCDickinson.jpg Clement C. Dickinson Democratic February 1, 1910 - March 3, 1921 61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
WilliamOAtkeson.jpg William O. Atkeson Republican March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1923 67th
ClementCDickinson.jpg Clement C. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1923 - March 3, 1929 68th
69th
70th
Thomas J. Halsey (Missouri Congressman).jpg Thomas J. Halsey Republican March 4, 1929 - March 3, 1931 71st
ClementCDickinson.jpg Clement C. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1931 - March 3, 1933 72nd Redistricted to the At-large district
March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
Reuben T. Wood (Missouri Congressman).jpg Reuben T. Wood Democratic January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1941 74th
75th
76th
Redistricted from the At-large district
Philip A. Bennett (Missouri Congressman).jpg Philip A. Bennett Republican January 3, 1941 - December 7, 1942 77th Died
Vacant December 7, 1942 - January 12, 1943
MarionTinsleyBennett.jpg Marion T. Bennett Republican January 12, 1943 - January 3, 1949 78th
79th
80th
George H. Christopher (Missouri Congressman).jpg George H. Christopher Democratic January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1951 81st
O. K. Armstrong (Missouri Congressman).jpg Orland K. Armstrong Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1953 82nd
William C. Cole (Missouri Congressman).jpg William C. Cole Republican January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1955 83rd
William Raleigh Hull, Jr.jpg William Raleigh Hull, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1955 - January 3, 1973 84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Jerry Litton.jpg Jerry Litton Democratic January 3, 1973 - August 3, 1976 93rd
94th
Died in plane crash after winning Democratic Primary for United States Senate
Vacant August 3, 1976 - November 2, 1976
E. Thomas Coleman.jpg Tom Coleman Republican November 2, 1976 - January 3, 1993 94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Defeated for Re-election
PatDanner.jpg Pat Danner Democratic January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2001 103rd
104th
105th
106th
Retired
Sam Graves, Official Portrait, c113th Congress.jpg Sam Graves Republican January 3, 2001-present 107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Results Political parties that won the district
2000 President George W. Bush 53 - Al Gore 44% Republican Party (United States)
2004 President George W. Bush 57 - John Kerry 42% Republican Party (United States)
2008 President John McCain 54 - Barack Obama 45% Republican Party (United States)
2012 President Mitt Romney 60 - Barack Obama 38% Republican Party (United States)
2016 President Donald Trump 63 - Hillary Clinton 32% Republican Party (United States)

Election results

1996

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1996[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Danner 169,006 68.6%
Republican Jeff Bailey 72,064 29.3%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 5,212 2.1%
Total votes 246,282 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

1998

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1998[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Danner (Incumbent) 136,774 70.9%
Republican Jeff Bailey 51,679 26.8%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 4,324 2.2%
Total votes 129,777 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

2000

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2000[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. 138,925 50.9%
Democratic Steve Danner 127,792 46.8%
Libertarian Jimmy Dykes 3,696 1.4%
Independent Marie Richey 2,788 1.0%
Total votes 273,201 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

2002

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2002[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 131,151 63.0%
Democratic Cathy Rinehart 73,202 35.2%
Libertarian Erik Buck 3,735 1.8%
Total votes 208,088 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2004

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2004[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,516 63.83%
Democratic Charles S. Broomfield 106,987 34.75%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,352 1.41%
Total votes 307,885 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2006

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2006[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 150,882 61.64%
Democratic Sara Jo Shettles 87,477 35.73%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,757 1.94%
Progressive Shirley A. Yurkonis 1,679 0.69%
Total votes 244,795 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2008

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2008[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,526 59.4%
Democratic Kay Barnes 121,894 36.9%
Libertarian Dave Browning 12,279 3.7%
Total votes 330,699 100%
Majority 62,353 18.8%
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

Living former Members

As of March 2019, there are two living former members. The most recent representative to die was Marion Tinsley Bennett (served 1943-1949) on September 6, 2000. The most recently serving representative to die was Jerry Litton (served 1973-1976), who died in office on August 3, 1976.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Earl Thomas Coleman 1976-1993 (1943-05-29) May 29, 1943 (age 76)
Pat Danner 1993-2001 (1934-01-13) January 13, 1934 (age 85)

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=29&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ 1996 Election Results
  5. ^ 1998 Election Results
  6. ^ 2000 Election Results
  7. ^ 2002 Election Results
  8. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2005-2006, page 637
  9. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2007-2008, page 649
  10. ^ 2008 Election Results

Coordinates: 39°56?53?N 93°17?37?W / 39.94806°N 93.29361°W / 39.94806; -93.29361


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