Missouri's 6th Congressional District
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Missouri's 6th Congressional District
Missouri's 6th congressional district
Missouri US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Missouri's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Median income$58,778[1]
Cook PVIR+16[2]

Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph. The district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River (including Kansas City International Airport).

Rep. Graves (left) with George W. Bush at the Ford Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Missouri. March, 2007.

The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Chariton, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Jackson, Knox, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Marion, Mercer, Monroe, Nodaway, Pike, Platte, Putnam, Ralls, Schuyler, Scotland, Shelby, Sullivan, Worth.

Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate. The visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory. Democrat Pat Danner, a former aide to Jerry Litton, won the seat in 1992 becoming the first woman to be elected in the district defeating a 16-year Republican incumbent.

George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004. The district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001. Graves easily held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points.

Historically, the 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the increasingly conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that historically voted for Yellow Dog Democrats. But recent trends in the suburbs of Kansas City could make the district more competitive.

Redistricting following 2010 Census

After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census (in part because of losses in population in several rural northern Missouri counties), the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois. The biggest geographic addition was in northeast Missouri (including Kirksville, Missouri and Hannibal, Missouri), which used to be the northern half of the old 9th district.[3]

The 6th lost Cooper and Howard counties to the 4th district, and Gladstone in southwestern Clay County to the 5th district.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1853
John smith phelps.jpg
John S. Phelps
Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1863
33rd
34th
35th
36th
37th
Redistricted from the 5th district.
[data unknown/missing]
AustinAugustusKing.jpg
Austin A. King
Unionist March 4, 1863 -
March 3, 1865
38th [data unknown/missing]
Hon. Robert T. Van Horn, Mo - NARA - 528304.jpg
Robert T. Van Horn
Republican March 4, 1865 -
March 3, 1871
39th
40th
41st
[data unknown/missing]
Abram Comingo.jpg
Abram Comingo
Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Harrison E. Havens (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Harrison E. Havens
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd Redistricted from the 4th district.
[data unknown/missing]
Charles Henry Morgan (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Charles H. Morgan
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
[data unknown/missing]
James R. Waddill (Missouri Congressman).jpg
James R. Waddill
Democratic March 4, 1879 -
March 3, 1881
46th [data unknown/missing]
Ira S. Hazeltine, Missouri Congressman.jpg
Ira S. Hazeltine
Greenback March 4, 1881 -
March 3, 1883
47th [data unknown/missing]
John Cosgrove (Missouri Congressman).jpg
John Cosgrove
Democratic March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1885
48th [data unknown/missing]
JohnTHeard.jpg
John T. Heard
Democratic March 4, 1885 -
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
David A. De Armond (Missouri Congressman).jpg
David A. De Armond
Democratic March 4, 1893 -
November 23, 1909
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Redistricted from the 12th district.
Died.
Vacant November 23, 1909 -
February 1, 1910
61st
ClementCDickinson.jpg
Clement C. Dickinson
Democratic February 1, 1910 -
March 3, 1921
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected to finish De Armond's term.
[data unknown/missing]
WilliamOAtkeson.jpg
William O. Atkeson
Republican March 4, 1921 -
March 3, 1923
67th [data unknown/missing]
ClementCDickinson.jpg
Clement C. Dickinson
Democratic March 4, 1923 -
March 3, 1929
68th
69th
70th
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas J. Halsey (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Thomas J. Halsey
Republican March 4, 1929 -
March 3, 1931
71st [data unknown/missing]
ClementCDickinson.jpg
Clement C. Dickinson
Democratic March 4, 1931 -
March 3, 1933
72nd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the At-large district
None March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1935
73rd District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
Reuben T. Wood (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Reuben T. Wood
Democratic January 3, 1935 -
January 3, 1941
74th
75th
76th
Redistricted from the At-large district
Philip A. Bennett (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Philip A. Bennett
Republican January 3, 1941 -
December 7, 1942
77th Elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Died.
Vacant December 7, 1942 -
January 12, 1943
77th
78th
MarionTinsleyBennett.jpg
Marion T. Bennett
Republican January 12, 1943 -
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Elected to finish his father's term.
[data unknown/missing]
George H. Christopher (Missouri Congressman).jpg
George H. Christopher
Democratic January 3, 1949 -
January 3, 1951
81st [data unknown/missing]
O. K. Armstrong (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Orland K. Armstrong
Republican January 3, 1951 -
January 3, 1953
82nd [data unknown/missing]
William C. Cole (Missouri Congressman).jpg
William C. Cole
Republican January 3, 1953 -
January 3, 1955
83rd [data unknown/missing]
William Raleigh Hull, Jr.jpg
William Raleigh Hull Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1955 -
January 3, 1973
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
[data unknown/missing]
Jerry Litton.jpg
Jerry Litton
Democratic January 3, 1973 -
August 3, 1976
93rd
94th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Died.
Vacant August 3, 1976 -
November 2, 1976
94th
E. Thomas Coleman.jpg
Tom Coleman
Republican November 2, 1976 -
January 3, 1993
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected to finish Litton's term.
Lost re-election.
PatDanner.jpg
Pat Danner
Democratic January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 2001
103rd
104th
105th
106th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Sam Graves, Official Portrait, c113th Congress.jpg
Sam Graves
Republican January 3, 2001 -
present
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2000.

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Results Political parties that won the district
2000 President George W. Bush 53 - Al Gore 44% Republican Party (United States)
2004 President George W. Bush 57 - John Kerry 42% Republican Party (United States)
2008 President John McCain 54 - Barack Obama 45% Republican Party (United States)
2012 President Mitt Romney 60 - Barack Obama 38% Republican Party (United States)
2016 President Donald Trump 63 - Hillary Clinton 32% Republican Party (United States)

Election results

1996

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1996[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Pat Danner 169,006 68.6%
Republican Jeff Bailey 72,064 29.3%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 5,212 2.1%
Total votes 246,282 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

1998

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1998[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Pat Danner (Incumbent) 136,774 70.9%
Republican Jeff Bailey 51,679 26.8%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 4,324 2.2%
Total votes 129,777 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

2000

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2000[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. 138,925 50.9%
Democratic Steve Danner 127,792 46.8%
Libertarian Jimmy Dykes 3,696 1.4%
Independent Marie Richey 2,788 1.0%
Total votes 273,201 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

2002

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2002[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 131,151 63.0%
Democratic Cathy Rinehart 73,202 35.2%
Libertarian Erik Buck 3,735 1.8%
Total votes 208,088 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2004

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2004[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,516 63.83%
Democratic Charles S. Broomfield 106,987 34.75%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,352 1.41%
Total votes 307,885 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2006

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2006[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 150,882 61.64%
Democratic Sara Jo Shettles 87,477 35.73%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,757 1.94%
Progressive Shirley A. Yurkonis 1,679 0.69%
Total votes 244,795 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2008

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2008[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,526 59.4%
Democratic Kay Barnes 121,894 36.9%
Libertarian Dave Browning 12,279 3.7%
Total votes 330,699 100%
Majority 62,353 18.8%
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=29&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ 1996 Election Results
  5. ^ 1998 Election Results
  6. ^ 2000 Election Results
  7. ^ 2002 Election Results
  8. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2005-2006, page 637
  9. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2007-2008, page 649
  10. ^ 2008 Election Results

Coordinates: 39°56?53?N 93°17?37?W / 39.94806°N 93.29361°W / 39.94806; -93.29361


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