Moncks Corner, South Carolina
Depot in Moncks Corner
"The Lowcountry's Hometown"
Location of Moncks Corner, South Carolina
|o Mayor||Michael A. Lockliear|
|o Total||7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)|
|o Land||7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)|
|o Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|o Density||1,082/sq mi (417.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1246709|
Moncks Corner is a town in and the county seat of Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 7,885 at the 2010 census. As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, Moncks Corner is included within the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Settled by indigenous peoples for thousands of years, the area of Moncks Corner was occupied by the historic Edistow people, a sub-tribe of the Cusabo. Its various bands shared a language distinct from that of the major language families in the present-day state: Algonquian, Siouan, and Iroquoian, including Cherokee. Although now extinct as a tribe, Edistow and Catawba descendants make up the eight families of the Wassamasaw Tribe of Varnertown Indians, a community located between Moncks Corner and Summerville. The 1,500-member tribe were recognized by the state as an Indian group in 2005.
During the colonial era, Moncks Corner became a major settlement area of French Protestant Huguenots, who came to South Carolina between 1684 and 1688 as refugees due to religious persecution in France. Many family surnames in Berkeley and adjacent counties are of French origin. The Huguenots soon began to intermarry with the English colonists.
The town of Moncks Corner, named for landowner Thomas Monck, dates back to 1728. It began as a trading post with a few taverns and stores. The Battle of Monck's Corner was fought here in 1780, associated with the Siege of Charleston.
The Northeastern Railroad, which ran between Charleston, South Carolina, and Siler City, North Carolina, laid its tracks in 1856, and the train depot became the center of the new town of Moncks Corner. The town of Moncks Corner was chartered on December 26, 1885, and incorporated December 15, 1909.
Moncks Corner was granted the trademark "Capital of Santee Cooper Country" by the South Carolina Secretary of State September 9, 1999, and again October 21, 2004. The trademark is a symbol of its abundant outdoor activities, such as horseback riding, hiking, water sports, boating and freshwater fishing. Moncks Corner is also the home of Santee Cooper's corporate office complex.
The Biggin Church Ruins, Cooper River Historic District, Lewisfield Plantation, Mulberry Plantation, Santee Canal, and Strawberry Chapel and Childsbury Town Site are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
U.S. Route 52 is the main highway through the town, leading south 32 miles (51 km) to Charleston and north 80 miles (130 km) to Florence. U.S. Route 17 Alternate also passes through the town, leading east 49 miles (79 km) to Georgetown and southwest 16 miles (26 km) to Summerville. South Carolina Highway 6 leads northwest from Moncks Corner along the south and west sides of Lakes Moultrie and Marion 39 miles (63 km) to Interstate 95 at Santee.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Moncks Corner has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.2 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.81%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,952 people, 2,103 households, and 1,491 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,333.1 people per square mile (515.3/km²). There were 2,334 housing units at an average density of 522.8 per square mile (202.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 57.33% White, 36.59% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.97% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.20% of the population.
There were 2,103 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 23.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,711, and the median income for a family was $37,335. Males had a median income of $30,634 versus $21,796 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,202. About 16.5% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.