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View of the Mondarrain from the village of Espelette

Mount Mondarrain (Arranomendi in Basque) is in the French Basque Country, south of Espelette and south-west of Itxassou in the province of Labourd , peaking at 749 metres (2,457 ft) altitude.

To prevent Marquess of Wellington's army invading France in 1813, Marshal Soult built a line of fortifications and entrenchments along the river Nivelle from the sea inland to fortified rocks on Mount Mondarrain.[1] The lines were breached during the Battle of Nivelle 10 November 1813.[2]


  1. ^ Napier 1879, p. 370.
  2. ^ Robinson 1911, p. 96.


  • Napier, Sir William Francis Patrick (1879). English battles and sieges in the Peninsula. London: J. Murray. p. 370.
  • Robinson, Charles Walker (1911). "Peninsular War" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 90-98.

Coordinates: 43°18?10?N 1°25?56?W / 43.30278°N 1.43222°W / 43.30278; -1.43222

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