Mongolian Plateau
Get Mongolian Plateau essential facts below. View Videos or join the Mongolian Plateau discussion. Add Mongolian Plateau to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Mongolian Plateau
Mongolei-Topografie,Atlas1903.JPG
Mongolian Plateau
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?

The Mongolian Plateau is the part of the Central Asian Plateau lying between 37°46?-53°08?N and 87°40?-122°15?E and having an area of approximately 3,200,000 square kilometres (1,200,000 sq mi). It is bounded by the Greater Hinggan Mountains in the east, the Yin Mountains to the south, the Altai Mountains to the west, and the Sayan and Khentii mountains to the north.[1] The plateau includes the Gobi Desert as well as dry steppe regions. It has an elevation of roughly 1,000 to 1,500 meters, with the lowest point in Hulunbuir and the highest point in Altai.[1]

Politically, the plateau is divided between Mongolia, China and Russia. In China, parts of the Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang autonomous regions lie on the plateau. In Russia, the plateau forms part of Buryatia and the southern Irkutsk Oblast.

History

The plateau was inhabited and conquered by various groups, including (chronologically) the Xiongnu, Xianbei, Göktürks, Tang dynasty, Liao dynasty, Mongol Empire, Qing dynasty, etc..

Changing environment

Many lakes on the Mongolian Plateau including Qagaan Nurr and XinKai Lake have shrunk by two-thirds of their surface area or have dried up completely, for example Huangqihai Lake and Naiman Xihu, over the period from the 1980s to 2010. While a few lakes such as East Juyan Lake and Had Paozi have grown, on average the total surface area of lakes has shrunk by 30%.[2][3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Zhang, Xueyan; Hu, Yunfeng; Zhuang, Dafang; Qi, Yongqing; Ma, Xin (2009). "NDVI spatial pattern and its differentiation on the Mongolian Plateau". Journal of Geographical Sciences. Springer-Verlag. 19: 405. doi:10.1007/s11442-009-0403-7.
  2. ^ "Shrinking Lakes on the Mongolian Plateau". NASA. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ Tao, Shengli; Fang, Jingyun; Zhao, Xia; Zhao, Shuqing; Shen, Haihua; Hu, Huifeng; Tang, Zhiyao; Wang, Zhiheng; Guo, Qinghua (17 February 2015). "Rapid loss of lakes on the Mongolian Plateau". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112: 2281-2286. doi:10.1073/pnas.1411748112. PMC 4343146. PMID 25646423.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Mongolian_Plateau
 



 



 
Music Scenes