Monroe County, Iowa
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Monroe County, Iowa
Monroe County
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
Map of Iowa highlighting Monroe County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°01?42?N 92°52?12?W / 41.028333333333°N 92.87°W / 41.028333333333; -92.87
Country
State Iowa
Founded1843
SeatAlbia
Largest cityAlbia
Area
 o Total434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 o Land434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 o Water0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 o Total7,970
 o Estimate 
(2018)
7,790
 o Density18/sq mi (7.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd

Monroe County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Iowa. In the early 20th century, it was a center of bituminous coal mining and in 1910 had a population of more than 25,000. As mining declined, people moved elsewhere for work. In the 2010 census, the population was 7,970.[1] The county seat is Albia.[2] The county was named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 7,970 in the county, with a population density of 18.389/sq mi (7.100/km2). There were 3,884 housing units, of which 3,213 were occupied.[10]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,016 people, 3,228 households, and 2,211 families in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 3,588 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.40% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,228 households, 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.00% of households were one person, and 15.30% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median household income was $34,877 and the median family income was $41,611. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $21,401 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,155. About 5.60% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

  • Buxton, the largest town with a majority-black population in the early 20th century

Townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Monroe County.[12]

+ county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 + Albia City 3,766
2 Eddyville (mostly in Mahaska and Wapello Counties) City 1,024
3 Moravia (mostly in Appanoose County) City 665
4 Lovilia City 538
5 Melrose City 112

Politics

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.3% 2,638 27.3% 1,056 4.4% 171
2012 52.9% 2,026 45.2% 1,731 1.9% 73
2008 51.6% 2,000 46.4% 1,798 2.0% 76
2004 52.2% 2,067 46.8% 1,855 1.0% 41
2000 51.0% 1,858 46.6% 1,699 2.5% 90
1996 36.2% 1,272 53.6% 1,884 10.2% 357
1992 35.0% 1,323 48.4% 1,829 16.7% 630
1988 35.8% 1,313 63.8% 2,338 0.4% 16
1984 44.9% 1,927 54.6% 2,342 0.5% 22
1980 48.7% 2,003 45.3% 1,866 6.0% 248
1976 39.6% 1,581 59.1% 2,360 1.4% 55
1972 56.7% 2,357 41.8% 1,736 1.5% 62
1968 45.6% 2,143 47.6% 2,240 6.8% 322
1964 33.2% 1,588 66.5% 3,186 0.4% 17
1960 54.2% 2,922 45.6% 2,459 0.2% 10
1956 53.2% 2,984 46.6% 2,616 0.2% 12
1952 53.3% 3,219 46.1% 2,785 0.6% 38
1948 40.0% 2,371 58.1% 3,445 1.9% 110
1944 44.3% 2,625 55.0% 3,258 0.8% 46
1940 44.6% 3,270 54.4% 3,994 1.0% 72
1936 40.2% 3,001 56.4% 4,205 3.4% 255
1932 38.3% 2,458 57.8% 3,716 3.9% 252
1928 58.2% 4,060 40.4% 2,819 1.5% 102
1924 50.9% 4,098 17.3% 1,388 31.8% 2,562
1920 61.2% 4,500 28.3% 2,081 10.5% 771
1916 45.2% 2,144 44.1% 2,095 10.7% 510
1912 26.2% 1,385 28.1% 1,485 45.7% 2,412[14]
1908 51.6% 2,686 38.0% 1,979 10.4% 542
1904 62.2% 3,249 22.6% 1,182 15.2% 795
1900 51.6% 2,233 39.4% 1,705 9.0% 388
1896 45.7% 1,836 51.9% 2,086 2.4% 96

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 212.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau - American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011.[dead link]
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008.
  12. ^ 2010 Census
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,121 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 104 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 86 votes.

External links

Coordinates: 41°01?42?N 92°52?12?W / 41.02833°N 92.87000°W / 41.02833; -92.87000


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Monroe_County,_Iowa
 



 



 
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