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Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Flag of Morbihan
Coat of arms of Morbihan
Coat of arms
Location of Morbihan in France
Location of Morbihan in France
Coordinates: 47°50?N 02°50?W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833Coordinates: 47°50?N 02°50?W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833
 o President of the General CouncilFrançois Goulard
 o Total6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)
 o Total747,548
 o Rank31st
 o Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number56
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Morbihan (; French pronunciation: ​[mbi]; Breton: Mor-Bihan, [mor'bi?ãn]) is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is noted for its Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England.

Three major military educational facilities are located in Guer, including École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, the national military academy for officers.


Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution. It was created from a part of the Duchy of Brittany.

In 1945 cadets from École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, France's foremost military academy for officers, were relocated to Camp Coëtquidan (Camp de Coëtquidan) in Guer. This has been developed to include also the École militaire interarmes (inter-services military school), for non-commissioned officers; and École Militaire du Corps Technique et Administratif (military school of the technical and administrative corps).


Morbihan, part of the region of Brittany, is surrounded by the departments of Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, Ille-et-Vilaine, and Loire-Atlantique, and the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend. There are actually between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets that are too small for any development. Of these islands, all but two are privately owned: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. Owners of the others include movie stars, fashion designers, and other wealthy "glitterati".

In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:

Meaban, an island just outside the Port du Crouesty, is an ornithological reserve. Visitors are forbidden there.

The largest towns in Morbihan are Vannes and Lorient.

Art and culture

Many residents support maintenance and use of the Breton language, and there are numerous advocates of bilingual education.

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884-1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.


As of 2014, the préfet of Morbihan is Jean-François Savy, previously head of the Prefectures of Ardennes and of Hautes-Alpes.[2]


Current National Assembly Representatives


See also


  1. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. ^ "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website.
  3. ^ Assemblée Nationale. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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