An aerial view of Motiti Island.
|Location||Bay of Plenty|
|Area||10 km2 (3.9 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||57 m (187 ft)|
|Pop. density||2.7/km2 (7/sq mi)|
Motiti Island (M?ori: M?t?t?) is located off the Bay of Plenty coast of New Zealand's North Island. It is 21 kilometres (13 mi) north-east of Tauranga and 9.4 kilometres (5.8 mi) north-east of Papamoa. There were 18 homes occupied by 27 people on the island in the 2006 census.
A relatively flat island covering some 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi), Motiti Island is composed mainly of Miocene volcanic rocks, overlaid with more recent sediments in the south. The principal activity on the island is agriculture, with a developing avocado plantation. Most residents and visitors travel to the island by air.
There is no public infrastructure (e.g. no public wharf) and the whole island is in private ownership. Access is difficult and expensive.Bay of Plenty Regional Council has regional council responsibility for Motiti Island. No territorial authority council is responsible for it - therefore residents pay no rates and there are no council services. Day-to-day administration is by the Department of Internal Affairs.
On 2 November 1769, during his first voyage, Captain Cook sailed close inshore to Motiti Island, where he reported the most extensive complex of fortified villages he had yet seen. In his journal he refers to it as the "Flat Island".
On 9 October 2011, the 45' launch M/V Excalibur ran aground offshore in bad weather. The crew of six was rescued, but the ship was considered a total loss.
In October 2013, Motiti Island residents rejected an offer by the MV Rena's owners to start a development project for the island, in return for being able to leave the Rena wreckage where it lay. The plan included:
The island has two marae, belonging to the Ng?ti Awa hap? of Ng?ti Maumoana, Ng?ti Makerewai and Ng?ti Takahanga: Te Hinga o te Ra or Te Karioi Marae and Te Hinga o te Ra meeting house; and Te Rua Kopiha Marae and Tamatea ki te Huatahi meeting house.
In October 2020, the Government committed $4,871,246 from the Provincial Growth Fund to upgrade a group of 12 marae, including Te Rua Kopiha Marae. The funding was expected to create create 23 jobs.