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In Sufism, a mur?d or mureed (Arabic: ‎, literally "one who seeks") is a novice committed to spiritual enlightenment by sul?k (traversing a path) under a spiritual guide, who may take the title murshid, pir or shaykh. A s?lik or Sufi follower only becomes a mur?d when he makes a pledge (bay?ah) to a murshid. The equivalent Persian term is sh?gird.[1]

The initiation process of a mur?d is known as ?ahd (Arabic: ‎) or bai'ath. Before initiation, a murid is instructed by his guide, who must first accept the initiate as his or her disciple. Throughout the instruction period, the mur?d typically experiences visions and dreams during personal spiritual exercises. These visions are interpreted by the murshid. A common practice among the early Sufi orders, was to grant a khirqa or a robe to the mur?d upon the initiation or after he had progressed through a series of increasingly difficult and significant tasks on the path of mystical development. This practice is not very common now. Mur?ds often receive books of instruction from murshids and often accompany itinerant murshids on their wanderings.[2]

See also

  • Mur?d?n, Andalusian movement that revolted against Almoravid authority in 1144
  • Murid War, war between Russia and a Caucasian Naqshbandi movement in the 19th century
  • Mouride brotherhood, a prominent Sufi tariqa in West Africa, founded in 1883


  1. ^ "Mur?d", in The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. 7 (Brill, 1993), pp. 608-9.
  2. ^ John Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, Oxford University Press, 2003

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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