Murom
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Murom
Murom

Murom train station
Murom train station
Flag of Murom
Flag
Coat of arms of Murom
Coat of arms
Location of Murom
Murom is located in Russia
Murom
Murom
Location of Murom
Murom is located in Vladimir Oblast
Murom
Murom
Murom (Vladimir Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°34?N 42°02?E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033Coordinates: 55°34?N 42°02?E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVladimir Oblast[2]
First mentioned862
Government
 o Head[3]Yevgeny Rychkov[3]
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 o Total116,075
 o Estimate 
(2018)[5]
109,072 (-6%)
 o Rank140th in 2010
 o Subordinated toCity of Murom[2]
 o Capital ofMuromsky District[6], City of Murom[2]
 o Urban okrugMurom Urban Okrug[7]
 o Capital ofMurom Urban Okrug[7], Muromsky Municipal District[8]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[9])
Postal code(s)[10]
602250
Dialing code(s)+7 49234
OKTMO ID17735000001
Websitewww.murom.info

Murom (Russian: , IPA: ['mur?m]; Old Norse: Moramar) is a historical city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, which sprawls along the left bank of the Oka River. Population: ;[4];[11].[12]

History

In the 9th century AD, the city marked the easternmost settlement of the East Slavs in the land of the Finno-Ugric people called Muromians. The Primary Chronicle mentions it as early as AD 862.[13] It is thus one of the oldest cities in Russia. Circa 900 AD, it was an important trading post from Volga Bulgaria to the Baltic Sea.

Between AD 1010 and AD 1393, it was the capital of a separate principality, whose rulers included Saint Gleb, assassinated in AD 1015 and canonized in AD 1071, Saint Prince Konstantin the Blessed, and Saints Peter and Fevronia of Murom , subjects of an opera by Rimsky-Korsakov. It was believed to be the home town of the most celebrated East Slavic epic hero, Ilya Muromets. The town has a statue which shows Ilya holding the hilt of his sword in the left hand and a cross in the right.

On June 30, 1961, Murom was the site of a spontaneous protest and riot against the police and Soviet authorities, following the death in police custody of a senior factory foreman named Kostikov.[14]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Murom serves as the administrative center of Muromsky District,[6] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the City of Murom--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the territory of the City of Murom together with nine rural localities in Muromsky District are incorporated as Murom Urban Okrug.[1][7]

Sights

Murom still retains many marks of antiquity. The Savior monastery, one of the most ancient in Russia, was first chronicled in 1096, when Oleg of Chernigov besieged it and killed Vladimir Monomakh's son Izyaslav, who is buried there. In 1552, the monastery was visited by Ivan the Terrible who commissioned a stone cathedral, which was followed by other churches.

The Trinity convent, where the relics of Sts. Peter and Fevronia are displayed, features a fine cathedral (1642-1643), Kazan church (1652), a bell-tower (1652), a wooden church of St. Sergius, and stone walls. It is rivaled by the Annunciation Monastery, founded in the reign of Ivan the Terrible to house the relics of local princes and containing a cathedral from 1664. Two last-mentioned cathedrals, being probably the works of the same masters, have much in common with the Resurrection Church (1658) in the downtown. Quite different is the tent-like church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian, built in 1565 on the bank of the Oka to commemorate the Russian conquest of Kazan.

International relations

Twin towns -- Sister cities

Murom is twinned with:

Notable people

Among notable natives are the father of color photography, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky (1863), the painter Ivan Kulikov[15](1875) and the father of television, Vladimir Zworykin (1888) and Russian physicist Igor Irodov.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b c d Law #130-OZ
  3. ^ a b Official website of Murom Urban Okrug. Yevgeny Rychkov, Head of the Urban Okrug Archived March 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b ? ? ?. ? ? , ? ? . No 019-95 1 1997 ?. « ? -? ?.  17 244», ? . No278/2015  1 2016 ?.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 17 244, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  7. ^ a b c Law #53-OZ
  8. ^ Law #58-OZ
  9. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  12. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ Hazzard Cross; Samuel and Sherbowitz-Wetzor; Olgerd P. (1953). The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text (PDF). Medieval Academy of America, Cambridge, MA. pp. 59-60.
  14. ^ Kozlov, Vladimir A.; McClarnand MacKinnon, Elaine (2002). Mass uprisings in the USSR: protest and rebellion in the post-Stalin years. ISBN 9780765606686.
  15. ^ Brief biography and appreciation Archived 2013-01-10 at Archive.today @ the Museum of Nizhny Novgorod State University

Sources

  • ?.  No130-  10 ? 2001 ?. « - ? ? ? ? ? », ? . No22-  18 2014 ?. «? ?  1  15 ? " - ? ? ? ? ? " ?  3  1 ? "? ? ? " - ? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ?  ? (13 ? 2001 ?.). : " ", No232, 13 ? 2001 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #130-OZ of December 10, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vladimir Oblast and on Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #22-OZ of March 18, 2014 On Abrogating Part 1 of Article 15 of the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vladimir Oblast and on Procedures for Its Change" and Item 3 of Article 1 of the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vladimir Oblast and on Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day of the official publication (December 13, 2001).).
  • ? ?. ? No433  13 ? 2007 ?. «? ? - ? ?», ? . ? No169  5 2015 ?. «? ? ? ? 13.06.2007 No433 "? ? - ? ?"». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No114, 20 ? 2007 ?. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #169 of March 5, 2015 On Amending Resolution #433 of the Oblast Governor of June 13, 2007 "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • ?.  No53-  11 2005 ?. «? ? ? ?», ? . No85-  12 ? 2011 ? «? ? ? 1 ? 2 ? ? "? ? ? ?"». ? ? ? 17  2005 ?. : " ", No156-157, 17 2005 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #53-OZ of May 11, 2005 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Okrug of Murom and on Establishing Its Border, as amended by the Law #85-OZ of October 12, 2011 On Amending Appendices 1 and 2 to the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Okrug of Murom and on Establishing Its Border". Effective as of May 17, 2005.).
  • ?.  No58-  13 2005 ?. «? ? ? ? , ? , ? », ? . No115-  10 ? 2009 ? «? ? ? "? ? ? ? , ? , ? "». ? ? ?  ? (18 2005 ?.). : " ", NoNo158-165, 18 2005 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #58-OZ of May 13, 2005 On Granting an Appropriate Status to the Newly Established Municipal Formation of Muromsky District and to the Newly Established Municipal Formations Which Comprise It, and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #115-OZ of August 10, 2009 On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting an Appropriate Status to the Newly Established Municipal Formation of Muromsky District and to the Newly Established Municipal Formations Which Comprise It, and on Establishing Their Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication (May 18, 2005).).


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Murom
 



 



 
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